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middle east conflicts

meg johnson

on 20 May 2010

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Transcript of johnson

Conflicts in the Middle East
Johnson Israelis vs. Palestinians Many people escaped Russia and Europe because they were treated badly because they were Jewish. About 1/5 of the population
are Arabs. Before WWI, Palestine was a district ruled by the Turkish Ottoman Empire. After WWI, Britian took control
of Palestine. The United Nations suggested making two countries. One for Arab people lived and one for the Jewish. Arab leaders weren't happy and war broke out between the Arab's leaders and the new country. Palestinian Authority to govern Palestinians living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Nuclear Weapons Administration officials have always said that if Iran failed to live up to those international obligations, that there would be consequences. The U.S. and its allies fear that Iran
aims to develop the capacity to build
nuclear bombs. Iran says that the nuclear program
is designed for civilin energy and
medical use. They're pushing on things that make
them look like they're going for nuclear
weapons, and that's risky. US Military in Iraq In the 1980's, Saddam Hussein was a favored ally of United States and was used as a counterbalence to Iranian power in the region. During the 1990's, the international bans on trade with Iraq weakend its economy. As far is known today, by the end of 1998 Iraq had destroyed its last remaining chemical and biological weapons under the supervision of United Nations inspectors. After the terrorist attacks of Septmeber 11, 2001, the administration of U. S. president George Bush and its allies argued that Iraq posed a deadly threat to the U. S. On October 7, 2002, President Bush stated in a speech that the United States could not wait to find the "smoking gun," warning that the first evidence of Iraq's weapons of mass destruction might come from a "mushroom cloud," or a nuclear attack. By March 2003, there were 125,000 U. S.
troops and 45,000 UK troops in Kuiwait ready to invade. There had been little sign of the presence of al-Qaeda, an international terrorist organization in Iraq, had moved into the country and were carrying out high profile kidnappings and televised beheadings of Westerners. In 2007, the United States added 30,000 more troops to its effort in Iraq, a move called the "surge." On November 16, 2008, the Iraqi Cabinet approved a Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) that called for the withdrawl of U. S. troops from Iraqi cities by the end of 2009 and a total withdrawl in 2011. War in Afghanistan Taliban, a group of extreme purists, began a new rebellion and took power in 1996. They ruled Afghanistan according to one of the strictest interpretations of Musilim law ever known. Taliban soon allied itself with the international terrorist organization, al-Qaeda. On September 11, 2001, al-Qaeda carried out terrorist attacks on the U. S. killing almost 3,000 people in less then two hours. Osama Bin Laden was leader of al-Qaeda, and admitted planner of the September 11, 2001, attacks. On October 7, 2001, the United States, United Kingdom, and
Canada launced air strikes against Afghanistan. Within days, most al-Qaeda training sites had been crushed and the Taliban's air - defenses had been destroyed.
In 2009, civilian casualties were continuing to rise, with
suicide bombings by the Taliban. By 2006, the Taliban, working partly from inside Pakistan, had regrouped in the southern part of Afghanistan. According to one widely reported analysis,
by late 2007 the Taliban effictively
controlled slightly over half the country. Oil August 2, 1990, Iraqi armed forces invaded Kuwait, a very
small, oil-rich country bordering southern Iraq, sparking the
Gulf War. Hussein accused the United States of keeping Iraq weak by encouraging the overproduction of oil. Hussein demanded that the price of oil be
raised. Hussein wanted to lease two uninhabited Kuwaiti islands
of Warbah and Bubiyan to provide Iraq secure access to the
Persian Gulf. On April 2, 1990, Hussein threatened
to "burn half of Israel" with binary chemical
weapons if it attacked Iraq. Hussein was viewed as a hero because
Israel had power and Hussein got sympathy
from the Arabs. Iraq, surprisingly invaded Kuwait on
the morning of August 2, 1990. The Arab reaction to the invasion was split.
Some understood why, and others were upset over it. On August 6, Saudi Arabia allowed U. S.
troops and aircraft to help support. Even though Hussein was up against a lot of strong
people he wouldn't leave. Bush gave him until January
15th to leave. He stood firm. In January 16, 1991, Bush sent air attacks
on Iraq. Iraq responded by firing missles.
They missed and killed many people. Israel began as a homeland
for Jewish people. Iran may be working on secretly developing
a nuclear warhead for a missle. Water In the middle East, water may be more
important than either oil or polotics. Only Turkey, Iran, and Lebanon have adequate
rainfall for their needs. While all other countries
are in need of water. Conflict over water can be caused from
many things including growing populations,
economic development and increasing standards
of living. Overuse and pollution of rivers and
aquifers are a source of growing tension. Great quantites of water are lost through
innefficeint irrigation systems. The greatest conflicts exist in the basins
of the Tigris-Euphrates, the Nile, and the
Jordan-Yarmuk. As more of the water is withdrawn in
Turkey, less water will be available for
the countries downstream.
Iraq depends greatly on the waters of the
Euphrates and Tigris and being the lowest country
makes it in danger of decreased water supply. Syria claims that Turkey is deliberatly
reducing the flow of the Euphrates.
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