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Transcript of Persepolis
It is in charge of educational planning, financing, administration, curriculum, and textbook development.
The head of the higher education level is the High Council of Cultural Revolution
In 1980, the Cultural Revolution committee was created to supervise the institution of Islamic values. School Environment Marjane spent a lot of time in school so the fact that she felt like she had no freedom there really affected her life. Government Before the Revolution The Iranian Government was very unstable before the the revolution. There were several changes of power and the influences of the British. Government After Revolution An Islamic Republic is formed and many of Marjane's friends leave the country as rules become stricter and stricter. Revolutionary Guard Relating to Persepolis Marjane rebels against these new rules and becomes increasingly outspoken about her opinion POST-REVOLUTION LEADERS Literacy is a big focus in Iran.
Education was free at all levels, but university students had to commit to serve the government for the same number of years that they would spend in school Marji: Marji is a independent young girl who follows in her parents' foot steps. As she grows, some of her views of the world changes but she still believes in fighting for what you believe in. Sometimes her actions seem rebellious, and they get her into trouble, but this doesn't change her feelings. Character Analysis Mr. Satrapi/Ebi (Marji 's father): He also takes part in many political protests with Taji. He takes photographs of riots, which was illegal. Mrs. Satrapi/Taji (Marji 's mother): Taji is upset with the way things are going in Iran, including the elimination of personal freedoms, and violent attacks on innocent people. She attends many protests. Marjane chose to support the Shah because she had been taught at school that the Shah was chosen by God The Shah Exposition:
In the year 1970, Marjane lives with her parents and grandmother in Iran during the Islamic Revolution.
Marjane is energetic, determined, and courageous.
Marjane felt that it was not her job to bring justice, but asking God for forgiveness was.
After Marjane uncles die she felt as if her life was destroyed and as a way of expressing herself she started wearing crazy clothing, listen to punk music despite of the rules. Plot Climax Marji's was shipped off to Vienna . She felt guilty that she was living freely while her relatives were dying as martyrs. As the result, she fell into a depression. She went back to Iran after she asked her parents. But when she got back, buildings were burnt and many people died and lost their houses.
And again she slowly fell into a depression.
Fortunately, she met psychiatrist and she recovered. One day, she had a dream about God. God encouraged her and promised her to have a better life than before.
This gave her hope and started going back to school. She started going out with Reza who went to her school.
Maji and Reza married few years later,but the marriage fell apart after a year.She divorced with her grandmother's support. Falling Action After the divorce, it was time to leave Iran permanently.
She promised her uncle Anouche to stay true to herself. She left to France. Resolution Freedom of speech/press Rules were strictly enforced. Anything seen as decadent, and western was forbidden. Every one views the Shah as a liar and a charlatan. They want him gone and a new political system in place. The citizens of the country revolt against the Shah. Every one are viewed as martyrs, even people whose death had nothing to do with the revolution. This is especially apparent in the glorification of a man's body who has died of cancer, even his widow joins the crowd. Uncle Anoosh: He is a hero in Marjane's eyes. He went to the U.S.S.R. to get married; later he got a divorce. He was imprisoned for nine years after an attempt to re-enter Iran. Anoosh develops a close relationship with her right before he is executed. Marji 's Grandmother: Marji has a close relatonship with her grandmother . She helps comfort Marjane when her father doesn't return from a riot. She likes telling Marji stories of her past, and Marjane's Grandfather. Her father than reveals that the Shah, who he does not support and actively protest against, is merely a title passed down by father to son Her grandfather became the king's prime minister because he was well educated, but he was mistreated to the point of becoming a communist Marjane's grandfather, as told to her by her mother, is sent to prison and lives a life of torture. Marjane's granmother tell her stories of how she boiled water and pretended to be cooking to hide their poverty from the neighbors. They had no money because the Shah's father took everything they owned. Marji then learned that although the father of the Shah was brutal, his son was ten times worse. It was because of this that her grandfather was forced to stay in prison. His regime is very ruthless and militarist. Schools are being closed for being too "decadent" and everyone is forced to live under a severely traditionalist islamic society Girls are forced back into clothes that completely obscure the view of a female's body and are forced to wear the scarfs/head wraps A particularly violent reaction ends in her getting expelled and her subsequent journey to live in Europe, as she was sent away to escape the harsh rules and war zone in Iran Ayatollah Khomeini took office after the Shah had been exiled. He was preoccupied with the fundamental goal of engineering an ideal Islamic society in Iran. 1. Ayatollah Khomeini He was determined to eliminate every individual or group that stood in the way of his goal, which he formally proclaimed on April 1, 1979: "the first day of the Government of God." 2. Ayatollah Khamenei Ayatollah Khamenei stuck to the revolutionary principles and continued emphasis on pragmatic view of Khomeini. 1989- Present day 1979-1989 -Drove to make universities more Islamic, increase censorship of newspapers, books, and films. He prompted the shutdown of Tous, one of Iran's most important newspapers. -With his religious ruling, Khamenei banned Coke and Pepsi from Iran. Anything with an American flavor came under his attack. Most of the book revolves around the terrible consequences some of the decisions made by revolutionary politicians can have on a society individuals are not at liberty to criticize the government
media is government controlled or monitored
journalists commonly face intimidation and arrest
government can shut down publications.
Press Supervisory board: issues press licenses to journalist, editors, and publications which can be revoked
private broadcasting is illegal
government regulates foreign media and journalists.
journalists and publications have been charged with criticism of officials, government Marjane experienced a lot of the limited freedoms of speech and many incidents occurred at her school where she was outspoken and defiant, resulting in expulsion.
At the time of the revolution, people of all religions were being attacked. today, post revolution, it's more limited to those who oppose the government and non-muslims.
Marjane witnessed a lot of the apprehension of the people regarding the Arabs and Israelis. There is still tension today. Civil Liberties:
•Prevented right to assemble
•They were ruled by unelected leaders and do not have the right to vote for their “president”
•Many faced social cultural or economic discrimination Restricted- Freedom of expression
•There is a unjust treatment of women In Summary: o The revolution resulted in the creation of a new government, the Islamic Republic of Iran o The new leaders of the country believed that everything could be solved by referring back to Islamic beliefs. o There was no tolerance for Western/secular reforms (1980-circa 1990s) o Educational systems and students were put under the pressure of the new Islamic system o Civil freedoms were restricted by enforcing laws which banned liberal thoughts.