Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Rome Fell: What's Next?

No description
by

Leah Cleary

on 1 March 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Rome Fell: What's Next?

Rome Fell: What's Next?
Germanic Invaders
Populations become rural
- Roman trade / government collapse
- No leadership
- People flee to the country
Germanic / Latin languages blend

Rome Fell

771 Charlemagne, "Charles the Great," Pepin's son
Expanded Frankish Kingdom into an empire
Spread Christianity
On Christmas day, 800, Pope Leo III crowned him
emperor of the Holy Roman Empire

The Franks

Unwritten laws
Stressed personal ties
Germanic Chiefs
- band of warriors
- lived in his hall
- extreme loyalty

Germanic Kingdoms

Gaul
496, Clovis brings them to Christianity
511, Clovis unites Franks into one kingdom

The Franks

Major Domo, “mayor of the palace”
In charge of royal household and estates
More powerful than the king
Charles Martel, “the hammer”
- extended Frank’s reign
- 732, victorious at Battle of Tours

The Franks

Pepin the Short, Charles’s son
Pope anointed him “king by the grace of god” in exchange for his promise to fight the Lombards
Beginning of Carolingian Dynasty, 751-987

The Franks

Charlemagne led a revival of learning
Died 814
His son, Louis the Pious, was ineffective
Louis’s three sons fought for the empire
843, Treaty of Verdun, divided empire into three kingdoms: Lothair (Italy), Charles the Bald (France), and Louis the German (Germany)

The Franks

Spread by:
- politics
- missionaries
- fear of Muslim invasion
Monasteries
- monks
- learning
- Venerable Bede

Christianity

590, Gregory I, the Great, became pope
Entwined papacy in politics
- raised army
- repaired roads
Believed responsible for regions from Italy to England and from Spain to Germany
Palace in Rome

Christianity

Problems with the church:
Lay investiture
Heresy
Friars
Disunity

***THE INQUISITION***
CONVERSION OF HERETICS BY FORCE SET UP BY THE CHURCH IN 1232***

Dominant spiritual and political leader of middle ages
Very few people did not recognize the church’s authority
Sacraments: Church rituals
Latin: language of the church

The Catholic Church

1054
The church split into east (Constantinople) and west (Rome)

Great Schism

Called for 1st after the Battle of Manzikert in which the Muslims defeat the Eastern Christians (unanswered)
A crusade is a holy war
The crusades would lead to over 100 years of holy war in the east
The Christian crusaders would introduce the idea of JIHAD to the Muslim World

The Crusades


The 1st crusade takes the Holy land (Jerusalem) in 1099 (let in through a window)
ONLY SUCCESSFUL CRUSADE IN THE EAST

1st CRUSADE

Christians control Jerusalem (briefly)
Creation of military orders (Knights Templar, Teutonic, Hostpitallers)
Cannot hold the Holy Land for lack of settlers
Cause great hatred between Muslims of the east and the Christians
**Actions of the Christians show no MERCY**

RESULTS OF FIRST CRUSADE

2nd Crusade: failed Miserably, lead by King Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany
Muslims wiped out Crusaders
Saladin: Kurdish leader that defeats the Crusaders and retakes Jerusalem in 1187

Other Crusades


Lead by Richard I, Fredrick I, & Philip II
Left in 1189, Failed to regain Jerusalem
Richard executes 2700 children and women at Acre to prove a point to Saladin
Fredrick drowns halfway in and his men leave, this caused the failure of the 2nd crusade
Eventually Richard the Lionheart retreated back to England and was Kidnapped on the way by the King of Austria and ransomed back to England

Crusades of Kings

CENTER OF CHRISTIANITY (JERUSALEM) HELD BY MUSLIMS
LOSS OF RESPECT FOR CHURCH AND CRUSADING (BECAME POLITICAL)
DISASTEROUS FOR THE JEWS
DID LEAD TO INCREASED DESIRE FOR EASTERN GOODS LEADING TO THE AGE OF EXPLORATION
ADVANCES IN SHIP BUILDING AND NAVIGATION

EFFECTS OF THE CRUSADES IN THE WESTERN WORLD

Invaders at their worst, 850-950
- Vikings from the North
- Magyars from the east
- Muslims from the south
No security from a king

Road to Feudalism

Based on Class

Those who fought (nobles and knights)
Those who prayed (clergy, monks, and nuns)
Those who worked (peasants)

Feudalism

Lord: owned the land
Vassal: received a land grant, fief
Knight: pledged to defend lord’s land in exchange for fiefs
Serfs: peasants bound to the land

Feudalism

Manors:

- The lord’s estate, which peasants were bound to work in exchange for protection, housing, and farmland

Feudalism

Let's take English as an example of languages changing
Old English
Middle English
Modern English
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
Full transcript