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Transcript of LGBT Rights
There's still conflict across the country about how these rights should be addressed.
Some rights still debated about today are
Adoption between Same-sex couples
Discrimination (Jobs, Housing, Medical facilities)
Military services Similar to the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s, people in the LGBT community lead protests and even marches on Washington like Martin Luther King Jr. These protests involve topics of: LGBT in the military, protesting police action, denial of service in restaurants, the classification of Homosexuality as a mental illness, the firing of employees because of sexual preference, etc.
Hate crimes are performed to LGBT people daily, like African Americans in the 1960s. The first LGBT rights court case occurred in 1936. This video describes the fight for equality of LGBT rights and in Jacksonville, FL, sections of the city don't allow LGBT couples to 'show their relationship' in public. This describes their fight. 1980 - "All groups must be protected from discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, language, age, sex, or sexual orientation." was the slogan that Democrats supported at the Democratic National Convention.
1982 - Wisconsin became the first state to outlaw discrimination based on sexual orientation.
1987 and 1993 - Roughly 1 million supporters of gay rights joined the march on Washington, rallying support for their own civil rights, as African Americans did decades before.
1990s - Both homosexual and heterosexual celebrities advocating for tolerance and equal rights, countless organizations, and strong individuals, along with the Internet and direct-mail campaign networking, paved the way for new legal gains for gay and lesbian couples in the 21st century.
2000 - Vermont became the first state to legally recognize civil unions between gay and lesbian couples.
2004 - Massachusetts became the first state to legalize same-sex marriages.
2012 - Tammy Baldwin, a Democratic congresswoman hailing from Wisconsin, won over Tommy Thompson in the race for U.S. Senate. She became the first openly gay politician elected to the Senate. Founded in 1980, The Human Rights Campaign is the largest national LGBT advocacy organization. They work towards ensuring LGBT people of their equal rights, as well as allowing them to be open, honest, and safe at home, at work, and in the community. Its close to 600,000 members lobby together in Congress, provide campaign support to fair-minded candidates, and work to educate the general public on a variety of topics that affect LGBT Americans.
Parents, educators, students, and other concerned citizens join the Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Education Network to work together to end homophobia in K-12 schools and to guarantee that all students are accepted regardless of their sexual orientation.
The Gay and Lesbian Medical Association serves as a means of securing equality in healthcare for LGBT individuals and healthcare professionals. GLMA uses medical expertise in professional education, public policy work, patient education and referrals, and the promotion of research to reach their goal. Actor and comedian Wanda Sykes is a very vocal and strong supporter of LGBT rights. She recently came out during a rally against Proposition 8, the referendum banning gay marriage in California. In her various works and stand-up acts, she tends to incorporate in them her beliefs and stances on issues that are important to her, such as same-sex marriages. 31 states have constitutional amendments banning gay marriage.
9 states have legalized same-sex marriage.
Major Court Cases:
In the case of Lawrence v. Texas, police were sent to Lawrence's apartment for a reported weapons disturbance. At the apartment, Lawrence and another man, Garner were found engaged in a sexual act. They were arrested under a Texas law making it illegal for two people of the same gender to engage in any intimate sexual conduct. Lawrence and Garner challenged this as a violation of the Equal Protection and Due Process Clauses of the 14th Amendment (remember from the Civil Rights Movement!) The Supreme Court ruled 6-3 that the Texas law was unconstitutional. While the LGBT movement began in 1936, still very little has been accomplished, and activists are still fighting. A group that has supported many civil rights movements, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is involved in many LGBT court cases. The ACLU is continuing to fight for the right for same-sex marriage, the right for LGBT people to foster or adopt kids, and the end of discrimination towards LGBT people in housing, employment, business, and schools. One current piece of legislation that the ACLU is hoping to help pass soon is the Employment Non-Discrimination Act, which would make it illegal to discriminate based on sexual orientation or gender identity in the workplace. Map of Homosexuality Laws This map shows worldwide how current legislation treats LGBT people. The areas with orange, red, or yellow have made homosexuality illegal. The darkest red shows places where homosexuality can be punishable by death. The areas with varying colors of blue have made homosexuality legal. The areas with the darkest blue allow same-sex marriage. The second darkest blue shows areas that accept a same-sex partnership, but not marriage. The lightest blue shows areas that recognize foreign same-sex marriage. The gray areas represent places with no recognition of same-sex couples. LGBT
Struggle for equality African Americans
Struggle for equality Both pictures show protests being held, the one on the left for LGBT rights and the one on the right for equality for African Americans. Protesters still use banners and marches today to get their beliefs met. Fran Drescher, an actor who is the star of the show "Happily Divorced," had been married to her husband for 21 years. They got a divorce once she found out he was gay. They remained friends after their divorce, and this event inspired her to become a minister, allowing her to legally join gay and lesbian couples in marriage. On Sunday, October 11th, 2009, thousands of gay rights
advocates took part in a march in Washington. More from the march in Washington from October
2009. These gay rights activists are demanding for the
right for gays to marry. Tammy Baldwin, junior U.S.
Senator from Wisconsin and
Democrat Human Rights Campaign Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Education Network Gay and Lesbian Medical Associates Wanda Sykes Fran Drescher The Civil Rights Movement
of 1960 inspires people of the
LGBT community to fight for
Their rights and equality as
everyone else. They use similar
methods as African Americans
did like protests and marches. A colored flag representing the LGBT community is being stretched across this street during a protest for LGBT equality New York legalized same-sex marriage separate document