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Russia 1914-39

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Fintan O'Mahony

on 10 September 2014

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Transcript of Russia 1914-39

A huge empire
Majority were peasants
Little industry
Bolsheviks and Lenin
Badly equiped, Tsar was blamed for losses
February 1917
Tsar was overthrown, but Russia stayed in the war
Strikes and riots broke out when food ran low
October 1917
Bolsheviks promising 'Peace, Land, Bread' came to power following a second revolution
Fought with the Allies
Followed the ideas of Karl Marx
Wanted workers to seize control of factories and land
Wanted an equal (communist) society
Russia under Lenin and Stalin
Peasants were ordered to join their farms together to improve production and end backwardness
1928-32 First Plan focused on Industrialization, factories and transport systems built

1933-37 Second Plan concentrated on arms production

1938-40 Put USSR on a war footing
From Monarchy to Communism
Russia 1914-39
Before World War 1
Russia and WWI
Fought and won Civil War 1918-21
Ended involvement in WWI
By 1929 Stalin he had expelled Trotsky from the Party and by 1928 he had become a dictator
Lenin favoured Trotsky for leadership but Stalin had begun to promote his followers in the party
Stalin in power
Five Year Plans
In the 1930s Stalin expelled thousands from the party. Millions killed or imprisoned (gulags).
Show Trials put leading Communists on trials where they confessed to treason and plotting they couldn't have been involved in.
Workers were poorly paid and worked in awful conditions
Tsar Nicholas II ruled without mercy
Underground revolutionaries plotted to overthrow him
One of those were Bolsheviks, led by Lenin
Changed Bolsheviks name to Communist Party, Russia became USSR in 1922
Lenin died in 1924, a struggle for leadership followed
Five Year Plans
Full transcript