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The Second Great Awakening APUSH

APUSH exam project on the Second Great Awakening and its effects
by

Michaela McDougal

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of The Second Great Awakening APUSH

The Second Great Awakening and its effects How the areas were
affected. Religion Prison (Asylum) Cults Public School and Industry Women's Rights Temperance Slavery Time Period Area's Affected in Society The Big Idea What was the Second Great
Awakening? The Second Great Awakening occurred between 1820 and
1860 in Ante-Bellum America during the Age of Reform. The Second Great Awakening encouraged the idea that an individual could control their destiny and good deeds would make the nation a better place. - slavery

- women's rights

-industry The American Colonization Society was formed in 1816 to create gradual emancipation in the colonies. Women were viewed as little more than slaves with
only slightly more rights (could not own property, or
divorce, or get inheritance, or manage kids.) Began because excessive alcohol
consumption was causing men to go
broke and supported domestic violence. Industry and Public School were largely changed due to the number of children working in factories. They worked cheaper than adults and many were out of jobs. Several denominations were founded and expounded upon during the Second Great Awakening such as
Baptists, Methodists, Mormons, and Seventh Day Adventists The Asylum Movement was started by a woman
named Dorothea Dix who wanted to get the mentally
ill out of prisons and into facilities. Several more radical religions were formed
during this time as well by free thinkers and strict
teachers The Age of Reform was just getting under way and many new ideas and religions were being put forth in a time of spiritual decay in America. The new theme in America was now the 'Pursuit of Perfection'
in homes and society Middle and upper class American's felt as if they should be examples for the 'ill behaved'. Romanticism was making its debut in America A balancing of rights for blacks and whites, men and women, sick and healthy, was strongly pushed. The church was being influenced as well
and pushing for higher attendance and
responses to Christ's call. - temperance

-prison reform

- public school During the Second Great Awakening it was
more man changing man than God
changing man. - religion Conclusion Abolitionists argued that slavery was a moral decision, not an economic one as presented in the south and that it was against Christianity. Liberia was created in West Africa as a free slave state and many blacks were transported there Abolitionist leaders were William Lloyd Garrison, author of "The Liberator", Sojourner Truth (AKA Isabella Baumfree), Frederick Douglass, a free black, and the Underground Railroad. Churches were forced to face
the question of slavery First event of women's rights movement occurred at Seneca Falls, little progress was made but the ball was set rolling here. Women's rights activists were Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Stanton, and Susan B. Anthony. Women's Rights progress was
very slow and gradual and little
changed during the Awakening
itself. Led largely by the clergy who did not oppose drinking in moderation American Temperance Societies were formed
as communities for people who wanted to
willingly abstain from alcohol consumption. It was a very successful movement seeing as the consumption of alcohol did indeed
drop sharply. Before the Temperance Movement
the average man drank over 5
gallons of whiskey per year. Horace Mann was the major leader in Educational Reform Standards for degree to work in a factory as well as to teach children were raised a considerable amount. Middle Class was calling for tax supported education. (Massachusetts was the only state with public schools at
the time) Number of schools
as well as school
attendance sharply
increased. Charles Finney was a popular revivalist preacher who rejected predestination and spoke bluntly of our free will. African American churches felt the revival as well and scores of blacks were saved. Afro Christianity was founded during this time and several all black churches were formed Revivals were often held outside among campfires
and lasted for several days in any given area. The Shakers were a Cult started by Ann Lee who believed
in celibecy and danced for worship. (quickly died out) Utopian Communities were formed as well such as Oneida where people tried to create the perfect society. Transcendentalism was born where believers thought that liberation came from understanding and your soul was
'one with the universe'. Milleniarists in New York believed that the
Second Coming had already happened and
earth is heaven. The goal of Asylums was to rehabilitate patients back to normal. Shock treatments and inhumane living standards were often used in these institutions 28 states began to use asylums for mentally ill In the end, while the Second
Great Awakening did much good in society it did much less to change the hearts of men as the first had done, it more or less changed the mundane details involved in life. All info came from my notes from class as well as u-s-history.com
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