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Transcript of Gendercide
1 Gendercide in China
6 Effects of Gendercide on China
Imbalance of women and men
5 Ways Gendercide is Carried Out
3 Male Preference
Carry out the family name
Dominant provider for the family
Makes more money
Not a huge factor in over population
Overview and Types
Gendercide is a sex-neutral term, in that the victims may be either male or female.
Gendercide in India
"A thief has come"
-a Rajasthani saying when
a daughter is born
World boy to girl ratio: 105:100
Indian boy to girl ratio: 140:100
Girls under the age of 5 have a mortality rate 75% higher than that of boys the same age
More than 100,000 girls are murdered every year because they fail to produce sons or families are not satisfied with their dowries
Dowry: property or money brought by a bride to her husband on the event of their marriage
Female foeticide, female infanticide, abuse, and neglect are all contributing factors to female gendercide
What pushes it to happen?
In what ways is it done?
What are the effects on China?
2 What Causes Gendercide in China?
Over Population in China
One Child Policy
Preference for Males
4 Over Population and One Child Policy
Overpopulation in China
Led to One Child Policy
Sex Selective Abortion
Use of Ultrasounds
Families leave girls behind
Killing a child within one year of birth
120 men for every 100 women recorded in 2010
By 2020 thirty million men will be without a woman
Unfair treatment toward women
Unfair treatment toward women
Family is planned out
"A daughter is a burden on her father's head."
- a common Hindi saying
"Let a female child be born
somewhere else. Here, let a son
Beliefs that sons bring wealth
Sons are taught family traditions and perform the last rites
Sons take care of parents
Expected to be payed by a woman's family to the family she is marrying into
Daughters are thus considered a drain on a family and its resources
Sons= gain of wealth + gain of daughter-in-law
Daughters= loss of wealth + loss of daughter
"Rearing a daughter is like watering a neighbor's tree"
-a Telegu saying
"About 107 million females are missing from the globe today"(Kristof xv).
another 2 million girls worldwide disappear because of gender discrimination"(Kristof xv).
"More girls have been killed in the last fifty years, precisely because they were girls, than men were killed in all the battles of the twentieth century. More girls are killed in this routine "gendercide" in any one decade than were slaughtered in all the genocides of the twentieth century"(Kristof xvii).
Wars and Genocides of the 20th Century Include (But are not limited to):
World War I
World War II
Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The Cold War
Tianamen Square Protests
And also wars within:
Spain, Russia and later the Soviet Union,
Gender discrimination has many effects, many of which are not obvious.
"Security experts [of the USA] noticed that the countries that nurture terrorists are disproportionately those where women are marginalized. The reason there are so many Muslim terrorists, they argued, has little to do with the Koran but a great deal to do with the lack of robust female participation in Islamic countries....Empowering girls, some of the military argued, would disempower terrorists"(Kristof xxi).
"To deny women is to deprive a country of labor and talent, but-even worse-to undermine the drive to achievement of boys and men. One cannot rear young people in such wise that half of them think themselves superior by biology, without dulling ambition and devaluing accomplishment"(Kristof 160).
Saudi Arabia projected to make Top 10 in technology by 2010
Bill Gates in Saudi Arabia
"Well, if you're not fully utilizing half the talent in the country, you're not going to get too close to the Top 10" (The Women's Crusade).
"In normal circumstances women live longer than men, and so there are more females than males in much of the world"(Kristof xv).
~1,032,917,271 more than USA
~904,131,792 more than USA
Numbers according to July estimates by the CIA
Dowry Prohibition Act (1961)
Prohibits the request, payment, or acceptance of a dowry
Prison is a consequence for cruelty or "dowry death"
Preconception and Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques Act (1994)
Bans the use of sex selection techniques
Bans sex selective abortion
Sex Selective Abortion
Selective killing of "fighting age" men
Towns have community meetings to talk about why they should stop committing acts of gendercide
There are several organizations dedicated to the prevention of violence against women
The Invisible Girl Project
Women's Rights Without Frontiers