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Schizotypal Personality Disorder

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on 14 November 2013

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Transcript of Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Unusual Perceptions
Friendless except for family members
Odd beliefs, thinking, and speech

Affect is inappropriate or constricted
Ideas of reference
Doubts others--suspicious and guarded
Eccentric appearance and behaviour
Reluctant in social situations

Ego Defenses
Generally: primitive or narcissistic (psychosis in some cases
Denial- external reality replaced with wish-fulfilling fantasy
Schizoid fantasy- autistic retreat as an attempt to resolve conflicts (to avoid intimacy)
Sherlock as played by Benedict Cumberbatch
Hightened perceptions
Ideas of reference
Bizarre fantasies or preocupations
Unusual perceptual experiences
inappropriate or constricted affect
Behavior or appearance that is odd, eccentric or peculiar
Lack of close friends

In cluster A : "Mature Type"
It's a contraction of the term schizophrenic genotype. Coined by Sandro Rado in 1956
It's thought to be a milder form of Schizoprenia
Initially thought to be a precursor to Schizophenia.

People with this disorder feel extreme discomfort with maintaining close relationships with people, and therefore they often do not. People who have this disorder may display peculiar manners of talking and dressing and often have difficulty in forming relationships. In some cases, they may react oddly in conversations, not respond or talk to themselves. They frequently misinterpret situations as being strange or having unusual meaning for them; paranormal and superstitious beliefs are not uncommon.

Not to be confused with schizotypy, which is a theory stating that there is a continuum of personality characteristics and experiences ranging from normal dissociative, imaginative states to more extreme states related to psychosis and in particular, schizophrenia
A borderline schizotypal?
Kety (1971) , with his Danish adoption studies contributed much to the understanding of the disorder but he called it boderline schizophrenia. Boderline because it was not quite schizophrenia. SztPD does share some of the thought distortions with BPD.
Famous Schizotypals
Willy Wonka (character) 
The Narrator (Fight Club) 
Emily Dickinson 
Vincent Van Gogh 
Nicolas Cage 
Full transcript