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Word Analysis

Strategy Teach-Gaining new vocabulary through word deconstruction
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on 13 October 2015

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Transcript of Word Analysis

Affixes:
Prefixes and Suffixes
Word Deconstruction
Phonics and Syllabication:
Root Words
Base Words
Introductions
Suffixes:
Introduce the word.
Emphasis on the pronunciation.
Introduce the meaning.
Guide students in analyzing the meaningful parts of the word.
Illustrate and Check
Illustrate with examples
Concrete, visual, or verbal examples
Check student's understanding
Actively involve them in interacting with the word.
Tiers
Tier 1: Words that are common to most people and should require little to no instructional time to teach.
Ex: food, run
Tier 2: Words that are used frequently by mature speakers but are unfamiliar to student. They might understand the concepts behind the words, but the word itself.
Ex. enraged, innocent
Tier 3: Low-frequency vocabulary terms used only in one domain and taught in content-area classes.
Ex. vignette, precipitation
Word Analysis
Root words are bound morphemes
They come from another language or language structure
Examples of Root Words:
Strategy Teach
: Alexis, Eriell, Ivy, Jamison, Wesley

Base words are English words that can stand alone
These are Free Morphemes
Examples of Base Words:
Luck -- Un
luck
y
Run --
Run
ner
Do -- Re
do
Hope --
Hope
ful
Open --
Open
ing
Phonics:
A method of teaching students to identify words by learning the sounds, of the phonemes- of letters, letter groups, and syllables.
Syllabication:
Breaking words into syallable or into smaller parts, so students are able to pronounce the parts and blend them together to create a word that is familiar .
Discover Meaning Embedded in the Word
One method of introducing a new vocabulary word is to focus on the morphemes
Morphemes are the meaningful units within a word
Morphemes
Context Clues
Using the meaning of surrounding words to determine the definition of an unknown word.
Prefix- an affix that is placed before a word, base, or another prefix to modify a term's meaning.
Suffix- an affix that follows the element to which it is added.
Prefixes
Examples:

Un
pleasant

Dis
organized

Mis
spell

Pre
view

En
able

Re
send
Two Types of Suffixes:
Inflectional Endings
-Grammatical variants of the same word
-Adding -s or -ed to the end of a word
Derivational Suffix
-Forming a new word on the basis of an existing word
-Adding -ly or -ness to the end of a word
Word Families:
Groups of words that have a common feature or pattern; they have some of the same combinations of letters and a similar sound
Examples:
Str
aw
Str
ing
Pl
an
Pl
op
Pl
unk
St
ick
St
ing
St
op
St
unk
Examples:
Hope
ful
Cap
able
Sunk
en
Danc
er
Self
ish
One aspect of word families are
onsets
and
rimes
Onset
- the part of a word that comes before the vowel
Rime
- the part of a word from the vowel onward
They are the most psychologically accessible units of sound that may be mapped to a spelling pattern
Onsets
and
Rimes:
Rimes
are very consistent and reliable
They can be used to teach children to decode through analogy by using a word they already know to figure out a word they don't know
About 500 easy to read, high frequency words can be derived from only 37
rimes
Teaching Strategies
Expanding Vocabulary by Tiers and Word Analysis
Step 1: Determine what tier the word lies in.
Step 2: Introduce the word.
Step 3: Introduce the meaning of the word
Step 4: Illustrate with examples
Step 5: Check students understanding.
Compound Words:
Homonyms, Homophones, Homographs:
References:
Resources:
http://www.readingrockets.org/article/word-analysis-expand-vocabulary-development

http://www.uwgb.edu/education/files/foundreadwebmaterial/4wordanalysis_ppt.pdf

http://powerupwhatworks.org/strategy-guide/word-analysis

Homophone
Two words that are pronounced the same, have a different spelling, and a different meaning.
Homograph
Words that have the same spelling, a different pronunciation, and a different meaning
Homonym
Words that are pronounced the same and have a different meaning, whether spelled the same way or not.
certifiedchinesetranslation.com
thinglink.com
The result of two words being joined
There are three types of compound words
1.
Closed
- two words joined to create new meaning
2.
Hyphenated
- words joined by hyphen
3.
Open
- words are open but when read together, a new meaning is formed
Examples of compound words
Firefly, softball, makeup, notebook
Daughter-in-law, over-the-counter, six-year-old
Full moon, half sister, real estate, post office
Archer, A., & Hughes, C. (2011) Designing lessons: Vocabulary and concepts.
Explicit instruction: Effective and efficient teaching
(53-91). New York: The Guilford Press

Blachowicz, C., & Fisher, P. (2015) Vocabulary and spelling instruction using structural analysis.
Teaching vocabulary in all classrooms
(130-146). Boston: Pearson

Find Textbook Support Materials. (n.d.). Retrieved October 5, 2015, from http://www.eduplace.com

(n.d.). Retrieved October 9, 2015, from http://www/merriam-webster.com/dictionary/phonics

(n.d.). Retrieved October 10, 2015, from http://www.spellingcity.com

Uderstand Word Analysis Skills and Strategies. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.uwgb.edu/education/files/foundreadwebmaterial/4wordanalysis_ppt.pdf

Word Analysis to Expand Vocabulary Development. 9n.d0. Retrieved October 6, 2015, from http://www.reading rockets.org/word-analysis-expand-vocabulary-development

Pictures:
Prefix pic: https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/e9/d1/9a/e9d19a8475f637b483b1045dbc4cb901.jpg

Inflectional Endings pic: http://mhschool.com/lead_21/grade1/ccslh_g1_lg_6_2c_l3.html

Derivational Suffix pic: http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/suffixterm.htm

Root Tree Pic: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_f3lgBGJ8W3c/TJ6XZ58NU4I/AAAAAAAABOk/DtRnq7eNTVA/s1600/port_tree_sme_png_34KB.jpg




Activity
References Continued:
Homophone pic: https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Homophone-Card-Matching-Activity-996929
Prefix
Root
Base
Suffix
Create your own words!
Definitions for Activity:
http://www.prefixsuffix.com/rootchart.php
http://www.myenglishteacher.eu/blog/prefixes-suffixes-list/
Get into groups of 4 or 5.
Everyone will receive 2 random cards.
Cards are color coded, definitions included on the back.
Work with your group to make as many words as you can.
What's the longest word we were able to make? What does it mean?
How about the shortest word?
Ex. Bow/Bow, Tear Tear,Wind/Wind, Desert/Desert
Ex. Write/Right, By/Buy, Spruce/Spruce, Suit/Suit
Ex. To, Too, Two
They are a type of Homonym
Homonym, Homophone, Homographs. n.d. Retrieved from https://www.spellingcity.com/homophones-and-homonyms.html
Context Clues pic: https://app.activateinstruction.org/resource/file/id/52979d6c07121c4669d64c1a/file_id/52979daa07121c5c684a152e
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