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Transcript of Word Analysis
Prefixes and Suffixes
Phonics and Syllabication:
Introduce the word.
Emphasis on the pronunciation.
Introduce the meaning.
Guide students in analyzing the meaningful parts of the word.
Illustrate and Check
Illustrate with examples
Concrete, visual, or verbal examples
Check student's understanding
Actively involve them in interacting with the word.
Tier 1: Words that are common to most people and should require little to no instructional time to teach.
Ex: food, run
Tier 2: Words that are used frequently by mature speakers but are unfamiliar to student. They might understand the concepts behind the words, but the word itself.
Ex. enraged, innocent
Tier 3: Low-frequency vocabulary terms used only in one domain and taught in content-area classes.
Ex. vignette, precipitation
Root words are bound morphemes
They come from another language or language structure
Examples of Root Words:
: Alexis, Eriell, Ivy, Jamison, Wesley
Base words are English words that can stand alone
These are Free Morphemes
Examples of Base Words:
Luck -- Un
Do -- Re
A method of teaching students to identify words by learning the sounds, of the phonemes- of letters, letter groups, and syllables.
Breaking words into syallable or into smaller parts, so students are able to pronounce the parts and blend them together to create a word that is familiar .
Discover Meaning Embedded in the Word
One method of introducing a new vocabulary word is to focus on the morphemes
Morphemes are the meaningful units within a word
Using the meaning of surrounding words to determine the definition of an unknown word.
Prefix- an affix that is placed before a word, base, or another prefix to modify a term's meaning.
Suffix- an affix that follows the element to which it is added.
Two Types of Suffixes:
-Grammatical variants of the same word
-Adding -s or -ed to the end of a word
-Forming a new word on the basis of an existing word
-Adding -ly or -ness to the end of a word
Groups of words that have a common feature or pattern; they have some of the same combinations of letters and a similar sound
One aspect of word families are
- the part of a word that comes before the vowel
- the part of a word from the vowel onward
They are the most psychologically accessible units of sound that may be mapped to a spelling pattern
are very consistent and reliable
They can be used to teach children to decode through analogy by using a word they already know to figure out a word they don't know
About 500 easy to read, high frequency words can be derived from only 37
Expanding Vocabulary by Tiers and Word Analysis
Step 1: Determine what tier the word lies in.
Step 2: Introduce the word.
Step 3: Introduce the meaning of the word
Step 4: Illustrate with examples
Step 5: Check students understanding.
Homonyms, Homophones, Homographs:
Two words that are pronounced the same, have a different spelling, and a different meaning.
Words that have the same spelling, a different pronunciation, and a different meaning
Words that are pronounced the same and have a different meaning, whether spelled the same way or not.
The result of two words being joined
There are three types of compound words
- two words joined to create new meaning
- words joined by hyphen
- words are open but when read together, a new meaning is formed
Examples of compound words
Firefly, softball, makeup, notebook
Daughter-in-law, over-the-counter, six-year-old
Full moon, half sister, real estate, post office
Archer, A., & Hughes, C. (2011) Designing lessons: Vocabulary and concepts.
Explicit instruction: Effective and efficient teaching
(53-91). New York: The Guilford Press
Blachowicz, C., & Fisher, P. (2015) Vocabulary and spelling instruction using structural analysis.
Teaching vocabulary in all classrooms
(130-146). Boston: Pearson
Find Textbook Support Materials. (n.d.). Retrieved October 5, 2015, from http://www.eduplace.com
(n.d.). Retrieved October 9, 2015, from http://www/merriam-webster.com/dictionary/phonics
(n.d.). Retrieved October 10, 2015, from http://www.spellingcity.com
Uderstand Word Analysis Skills and Strategies. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.uwgb.edu/education/files/foundreadwebmaterial/4wordanalysis_ppt.pdf
Word Analysis to Expand Vocabulary Development. 9n.d0. Retrieved October 6, 2015, from http://www.reading rockets.org/word-analysis-expand-vocabulary-development
Prefix pic: https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/e9/d1/9a/e9d19a8475f637b483b1045dbc4cb901.jpg
Inflectional Endings pic: http://mhschool.com/lead_21/grade1/ccslh_g1_lg_6_2c_l3.html
Derivational Suffix pic: http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/suffixterm.htm
Root Tree Pic: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_f3lgBGJ8W3c/TJ6XZ58NU4I/AAAAAAAABOk/DtRnq7eNTVA/s1600/port_tree_sme_png_34KB.jpg
Homophone pic: https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Homophone-Card-Matching-Activity-996929
Create your own words!
Definitions for Activity:
Get into groups of 4 or 5.
Everyone will receive 2 random cards.
Cards are color coded, definitions included on the back.
Work with your group to make as many words as you can.
What's the longest word we were able to make? What does it mean?
How about the shortest word?
Ex. Bow/Bow, Tear Tear,Wind/Wind, Desert/Desert
Ex. Write/Right, By/Buy, Spruce/Spruce, Suit/Suit
Ex. To, Too, Two
They are a type of Homonym
Homonym, Homophone, Homographs. n.d. Retrieved from https://www.spellingcity.com/homophones-and-homonyms.html
Context Clues pic: https://app.activateinstruction.org/resource/file/id/52979d6c07121c4669d64c1a/file_id/52979daa07121c5c684a152e