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Transcript of ZERO TOLERANCE
Zero Tolerance within Elementary Stages
Sometimes Students can be mentally immature and can cause consequential behavior.
Deterring students from falling into the trap of alcohol and drug use, which prevents them from getting to the point of drug or alcohol abuse.
Zero Tolerance has increased consistency of school discipline.
Zero Tolerance during Early Childhood Stages
What is Zero Tolerance?
Yes to Zero Tolerance
The policy of Zero Tolerance has not worked for many students
Inflicting an "ignore bad behavior and reward good behavior" model at a young age allows children the ability to carry these skills with them into later grades, resulting in more peaceful classrooms, rather than resorting to suspension in the early years of their education
Los Angeles Times Magazine Online, "Zero Policy affecting Minorities"
Education Week Online Article, "Discipline Policies Shift With Views on What Works"
Examiner, "No to Zero tolerance, yes to conflict resolution skills"
The Child Study Center, "Zero tolerance policies: Are they too Tough or not Tough Enough
Sasser, N. (n.d.). positive effects of the zero tolerance policy used in schools. Retrieved from http://everydaylife.globalpost.com/positive-effects-zero-tolerance-policy-used-schools-17208.html
Rothmund, Andrew. (published date unknown). Pros & Cons of Zero Tolerance in Schools. www.ehow.com. March 7, 2014 from http://www.ehow.com/info_8016217_pro-cons-zero-tolerance-schools.html.
Adcock, Juli. (2012, November 12). School Zero Tolerance Pros and Cons. www.thebadgeguys.com. March 7, 2014 from http://www.thebadgeguys.com/school-zero-tolerance-pros-and-cons/.
Davidson, Jim. (2011, October 6). The Benefits of Zero-Tolerance. www.thecabin.net. March 7, 2014 from http://thecabin.net/news/lifestyle/religion/2011-10-06/benefits-zero-tolerance#.UxuW1twx9uY.
NASP fact sheet- Zero Tolerance
(2008). Are Zero Tolerance Policies Effective in Schools?. American Psychological Association Zero Tolerance Task Force, 63. Retrieved , from http://www.apa.org/pubs/info/reports/zero-tolerance.pdf doi:10.1037/0003-066X.63.9.852
Kana‘iaupuni, S. M., and M. Gans. 2005. How effective is zero tolerance? A brief review. Honolulu:Kamehameha Schools–PASE, 04-05:23
Four kindergarten students were suspended for 3 days for pointing their fingers during a game of cops and robbers.
A Pennsylvania kindergartener tells her pals she's going to shoot them with a Hello Kitty toy that makes soap bubbles.
In Massachusetts, a 5-year-old boy attending an after-school program makes a gun out of Legos and points it at other students while "simulating the sound of gunfire", as one school official put it.
Zero Tolerance throughout High school
34% of L.A. School District students expelled were African American, 11% Hispanic, and 3% Asian
African American students, on average, get suspended/expelled 3 times more than caucasian peers
High school sophomore suspended for taking a phone call fom father in Iraq
Elementary student is punished equal, and has long term damage as a high school senior
Effects graduation rate and has long term damage on students
Ignore Bad Behavior and Reward the Good Behavior
Examples of how the Zero Tolerance policy got a little out of hand:
Preventing children from misbehaving at a young age will deter further outbreaks of misbehavior in the future, but by removing kids from school for playing a game will increase the chances of the child misbehaving more in the future.
What to Consider Instead
Principals can work with teachers to discuss which offenses should be referred to the school's office or can be handled at a "classroom level"
Train staff, whether beginner teachers or more experienced, to adequately handle all types of situations with students
Suspension or Expulsion should only be used when school, students or staff are in actual physical or emotional harm
What else can be done?
understand the motivation for behavior
consider the individual(s) involved
asses any underlying mental illness or illnesses
educate youngsters about being responsible for themselves and each other
incorporate common sense
have multi-system involvement: child, family, community, etc..
http://www.ksbe.edu/spi/PDFS/reports/Educational Policy/04 05 23.pdf
Originally developed as an approach to drug enforcement, the term became widely adopted in schools in the early 1990s as a philosophy or policy that mandates the application of predetermined consequences, most often severe and punitive in nature, that are intended to be applied regardless of the gravity of behavior, mitigating circumstances, or situational context.
Clear Disciplinary Expectations;
A zero tolerance policy sends a clear message, as it removes major offenders from school and allows administrators to act quickly with disciplinary consequences that are consistent, based on school policies.
The essence of zero tolerance is that those students who receive less than firm, fair and consistent discipline end up being taught that there are no consequences for inappropriate or illegal behavior as long as it occurs within the grounds of those schools.
Nine year old Patrick Timoney was sent to the principal's office and threatened with suspension after school officials discovered that one of his LEGOs was holding a 2 inch toy gun, which represented his father being a retired police officer
In Oklahoma, school officials suspended a first grader simply for using his hand to simulate a gun.
A 7 year old New Jersey boy, described as "a nice kid" and "good student", was reported to the police and charged with possessing an imitation firearm after bringing a Nerf gun to school which shoots soft ping ping type balls
Six-year-old Cub Scout Zachary Christie was sentenced to 45 days in reform school after bringing a camping utensil to school that can serve as a fork, knife or spoon.
Fourth-grader Michael Hagood planned to launch spitballs at a girl using a rubber band.
Parents of a student at Upper Elementary School contacted the school district after hearing about the plan. District officials then notified local police and suspended Hagood under the school’s zero-tolerance policy. Local police went to the Hagood home after midnight and questioned Michael about the “shooting” incident. The boy was required to complete a psychological evaluation before returning to class.
Zero Tolerance is the "refusal to accept anti-social behavior, typically by strict and uncompromising application of the law"
"A school discipline policy enacted by school officials that specifies a mandatory and strict punishment for engaging in activity that officials deem intolerable."
A 13-year-old boy in Manassas, Virginia, who accepted a Certs breath mint from a classmate, was suspended and required to attend drug-awareness classes
12-year-old boy who said he brought powdered sugar to school for a science project was charged with a felony for possessing a look-alike drug.
Another 12-year-old was handcuffed and jailed after he stomped in a puddle, splashing classmates.
Safety of students is our top priority!
Parent involvement reinforces social behavior
Ultimately allows for a more beneficial learning environment