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Box Hill Presentation

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james mardon

on 19 January 2016

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Transcript of Box Hill Presentation

Introduction
Description of Box Hill
Main aim and hypothesis
Box Hill has been a very popular tourist site for over 200 years. 1 million people visit each year and this is putting great pressure on the very fragile landscape found at Box Hill. I think it is important to realise the impacts of tourism and the negative effect it can have on the environment. We need to protect this special landscape and the unique flora and fauna found here so future generations can enjoy this beautiful site.

My main aim of this fieldwork project is to investigate the impact of tourism on the environment in Box Hill.
I chose 4 of the most popular visitor sites around Box Hill to test my hypothesis. These sites are called Lodge Hill, The Viewpoint, the Visitor Center and Burford Spur.

I will conduct this investigation by testing the following hypotheses.

1. The closer I get to the tourist center the greater the environmental impact of tourism e.g. more dog fouling, more litter etc.

2. The further you move away from the footpath the height of plant species increases.

3. The further you move away from the footpath the variety of plant species increases.

4. The further you move away from the footpath the greater the soil depth.





Box Hill Presentation
By James Mardon 8R
Yardely Court
More than 38 different butterfly species were spotted on Box Hill last year.
On the 2nd of October 2015 Year 8 visited Box Hill in Surrey. The purpose of our visit was to investigate the impact of tourism in this area.
Box Hill is situated on the A24, 30 km south west of London, between Leatherhead and Dorking in Surrey. It is run by the National Trust and its name comes from the ancient box woodland found on the steepest west-facing chalk slopes overlooking the River Mole.
Box Hill is a SSSI (Site of Special Scientific Interest), an SAC (Special Area of Conservation) and an AONB (Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty). These factors draw in over 1,000,000 tourists to visit each year and make it an appropriate place for us to conduct our research into the impact of tourism on this honeypot site.
Box Hill is home to the lagest slug in the world called the Ash Black. It can grow up to 20cm long.
Insects
The National Trust looks after the 296 acres of chalk downland found at Box Hill. Chalk downland is a special type of grassland habitat, found on chalk hills such as the North Downs.

Chalk is a sedimentary rock made of calcium carbonate. It is a porous rock meaning it allows water to go into it. The chalk therefore acts as a giant sponge. This type of soil is shallow often only 30cm deep. Chalk soils found on hillsides – as at Box Hill – are at greater risk of tillage creep. This is when the soil gradually slides down the hill exposing the rocks beneath.

Box Hill is a very rare, fragile and threatened habitat. Lots of the land has been taken over by housing, farming or has not been looked after properly.

To stop the destruction and loss of the chalk downland there needs to be very careful management. Without conservation chalk downland will be taken over by woodland through a natural process called succession. The area can be managed by clearing scrub (bushes and little trees) and conservation grazing.

On Box Hill the National Trust uses 26 black Welsh Mountain Sheep and four Belted Galloway Cattle to graze the land and prevent succession taking place.

Many different plants are found at Box Hill. Forty different plant species can grow in just one sq meaters. These include orchids, wild flowers and wild herbs.

The plants at Box Hill have adapted to cope with difficult growing conditions. They have to survive thin, fast-draining soils, low nutrients and very high levels of calcium carbonate from the chalk (which could kill the plants.) The tough growing conditions means that a variety of plants grow together and no individual plant species dominate.






The Landscape
This habitat is also good for snails; the chalk provides lots of calcium, which they need for their shells.
The variety of plants found at Box Hill allows for over 14-20 different species of insects and mammal. Below are some examples.
Tourism In Box Hill
Box Hill was given to the National Trust by Leopold Salomons in 1914. Since then the number of tourist visiting the area has increased . Box Hill is easily accessible because it has lots of good connections e.g. its local train station Box Hill & Westhumble railway station and it has buses from London and surrounding areas as well as car parks. People come to Box Hill to enjoy the views and picnic areas, walks, cycle routes, horse riding trails and dog friendly walking routes. This has resulted in Box Hill becoming a honeypot site - somewhere that attracts a large number of tourists, who due to their numbers, place pressure on the environment and people.

Investigative Methods
the different sites
Viewpoint - This is a popular site as it has a fantastic view of over 25 miles of South Downs.

Burford Spur - This is a gentle grassy slope and it has a very rare chalk downland habitat.

Visitor Center-The Visitor Center is the main site for tourists. It has a cafe, National Trust gift shop, Outdoor Center, toilets and a picnic area.

Lodge Hill - there is a large circular flint tower. It was built in 1815.
Maps
location of box Hill on a map of the UK
Map box hill showing the four sites we visited
Presentation and explanation of the results
littering
Dog fouling
Noise
Air Quality
Vandalism
Space
The viewpoint was the most affected by littering with a score of 3. Lodge Hill, Visitor Center and Burford were all the least affected by litter all with a 2.
Burford and Visitor Center were the most affected by Dog fouling with a score of 1. Viewpoint and Lodge Hill are the least affected with a score of 0.
The Visitor Center is the noisiest site with a score of 2. Lodge Hill it the quietest site with a score of o. Viewpoint and Burford both scored a 1.
Loge Hill and Visitor Center are both have the worst air quality scoring a 1. Viewpoint and Buford had the best scoring 0.
Viewpoint and Lodge Hill were most affected by vandalism, they scored a 4 witch is 4 times the amount that Burford and the Visitor Center.
Lodge Hill had the most space scoring a 0. The Visitor Center, Viewpoint and Burford had the least space scoring a 2.
Summary
Description of results
The results above show that viewpoint was the most affected by tourism with 10 points next was visitor centre with 8 points lodge hill was after that, it was 1 point behind last was Burford with 6 points.

Explanation of results
This table does not agree with my hypothesis that the Visitor Center would be the site with the greatest environmental impact however it scored second highest. The Visitor Center did have the highest amount of noise pollution. This is because it is the closest to the car park and road and people stopping for a drink or snack. It scored tie highest on the least space available with the Viewpoint. This is because they both have picnic areas which take up alto of space. Both have buildings and are very popular with tourists. The Visitor Center scored tie highest on dog fouling with Burford Spur. I think it was because there were lots of dogs. The Visitor Center scored tie highest on air quality. This is because it is near a car park and road.
I think the Viewpoint scored highest on vandalism and littering because it is unmonitored and at the Visitor Centre there are lots of staff around checking the area is clean.
Although overall the Visitor Center scored the second highest it did score the highest or tie highest in 4/6 of the investigation. So in conclusion my hypothesis is generally correct.
Difference between on path trampling and of path trampling.
Description of results
These two graphs show that soil erosion occurs on the path a lot more then off the path because there is alot more bare ground. The graphs also show that there is a larger amount of the species that we observed off the path. I think that this happens because people walk on the path and trample the species and kill them, not just scuff up the ground.

Explanation of results
My hypothesis states that the further away from the footpath the greater the variety of plants and my results agree with this. My graph shows that there was allot bare ground on the path because of the public trampling the plants and causing soil erosion. There is no bare ground off the path and so this will lead to a greater variety of plants being able to grow. There is a greater amount and variety of plants off the path because plants can get nutrients from the soil so they can grow more than the ones on the path where there are fewer nutrients because the nutrients cannot penetrate the ground. They cannot penetrate the ground because it is hard.

Description of results
My graph shows that there are taller plants off the path then on the path. The average height of the plants off the path were 108mm taller than the ones off the path.

Explanation of results
My results agree with my hypothesis that states that the further away you get from the path the taller the plant get. I think this is because on the path plants get trampled and kicked and this will kill the taller plants because they are higher. They also never get a chance to grow.
Description of results
My graph shows that the soil is deeper off the path then on the path. Off the path the soil depth is 40mm deeper than the soil depth on the path.

Explanation of results
These results agree with my hypothesis which states that the further away from the path I get the deeper the soil depth. I think this is because the soil on the path is more compressed than on the path because people walk along the path.
1:50,000
A reddish brown squashbug that can grow to 14mm.
Box Hill is home to UK's only tarantula, the Persweb Spider.
View from Viewpoint
The Visitor Centre
Burford Spur
Tower on Lodge Hill
Needle
for measuring the depth of the ground in mm.
1 meter ruler:
to measure the height of the plants in cm.
Quadrat: this is a square that is a meter by a meter in size. With in it there are 25 equal sized squared to gain samples of smaller areas.
Description of results
This graph shows that there is a larger range of plants off the path then on the path. Off the path there were 6 plant species whereas on the path there were 5.

Explanation of results
These results agree with my hypothesis that the number of plant species will increase the further away you get from the path. This is because there is a larger amount of bare ground on the path were plants cannot grow. The difference was much less than I thought but this could be because we might not have gone far enough away from the path.
Conclusion
A brief summary of my findings
I found that all four of my smaller hypotheses were correct and I have explained the reasons for this earlier in my presentation. But my main hypothesis was wrong, this stated that the Visitor Center would be the greatest impacted by tourism, in fact it was the Viewpoint most affected by tourism. I think the Visitor Center was less effected than I thought it would be because it is the main place where people go so it will have to be cleaned on a daily basis to make the area attractive and somewhere people want to visit. The View Point is a main tourist spot and it is far away from the Visitor Center so it will not get cleaned as often and there are less people who can monitor the site.
limitations of my fieldwork study
1. We did not have enough time to investigate lots of sites. We only did 4 investigations. This affected my quality of data.
2. We did not get to investigate all the tests in enough detail e.g. just listening for noise pollution this means my results were dependent on my opinion.
3. We only visited each site once at one time of the day this affected my quality of data.
4. We went to investigate Box Hill on a week day and not a holiday or weekend when we would expect it to be busier.

good things
1. The day we went to Box Hill it was very good weather.
2. We visited all the key sites.
3. I enjoyed learning how to carry out a fieldwork study.

What i would have done differently
1. I would have given myself more time to investigate.
2. I would investigate my tests in more detail.
3. I would visited the sites more than once at different times
4. I would have also gone on a holiday day to see the difference.

Bibliography

.The National Trust website
http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/box-hill
.Wikipedia Box Hill page
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Box_Hill,_Surrey
.Other internet sources

Thank you
Site
Rainting
Site
Raiting
Site
Rating
Our school doing our investigation
Is Tourism at box sustainable
I think that it is difficult to achieve sustainable tourism at Box Hill. This is mainly due to the high levels of traffic and visitors who come to this Honey-pot site. They create litter, air and noise pollution, graffiti and trample on the paths increasing the rate of erosion on the shallow chalk soils. The National Trust has to find a balance between conservation and tourism.
The National Trust’s motto is “Forever, for everyone”. It is their responsibility to protect the area especially because it is a SSSI site. If they don’t they can get fined. I think they are trying to make tourism here more sustainable through a variety of ways –
• They have employed 4 permanent staff and many volunteers to clear the litter and keep the area well maintained.
• They use the trees they cut down to make the fencing and seating. They also use the wood for barriers in the car park. So the materials used are natural and nothing is wasted.
• Some tree stumps are left to be used for habitats for the animals.
• The car park generates an income for Box Hill to pay for expenses and upkeep. The car park machine is solar powered.
• No machinery is used to cut the grass – only the use of sheep and cows. This is called conservation grazing. It protects animal habitats.
• The National Trust offer educational field trips. These educate adults and children about the area e.g. habitats.

Box Hill is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and I hope that it will be protected forever – not only to stop housing development on the land but to protect the rare animal species and so people can always visit here.
Full transcript