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Republic Act No. 7836
Transcript of Republic Act No. 7836
Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994
Important terms and their definition
Article I Section 4 known as “Definition of Terms”
Republic Act No. 10533 a.k.a Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013
Proponent: Professional Regulation Commission (PRC)
Year approved/implemented: December 14 and December 15 of 1994 by the Senate and December 16 of 1994 by the President
Relevance with other existing laws, decrees, or orders:
Presidential Decree No. 1006 of 1976 a.k.a Decree Professionalizing Teaching
CHED Memorandum Order No. 11 s. 2009
"Amendment to Section 8, Article III of CMO No. 52, series of 2007"
An act to strengthen the regulation and supervision of the practice of teaching in the Philippines and prescribing a licensure examination for teachers and other purposes.
Article III Section 23 of this Act states the prohibitions of a licensed teacher:
Article III of this Act states the provisions of a licensed teacher:
DepEd Order No. 43 s. 2004
"Dissemination of Republic Act No. 9293"
Republic Act No. 9293 is entitled "An Act Amending Certain Sections of Republic Act Numbered Seventy-Eight Hundred and Thirty-Six (R.A. 7836) Otherwise Known as the Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of 2004"
Section 1 of Section 15 (e) (3) known as Qualification Requirements of Applicant amended (3) that instead of taking up 10 units of professional education, as the Act stated before, applicants must already have 18 units of professional education.
Section 26 known as Registration and Exception where requirements are even more specified such as professional teachers who have not been teaching for 5 years will be required to take 12 units of education courses which must consists of at least 6 units of pedagogy and 6 units of context courses or the equivalent training number 1 hours, to be chosen from a list of courses to be provided by the Board and DepEd before they can be allowed to practice teaching in the country.
Section 31 known as Transitory Provision explains that special permits with a validity of 3 and 5 years are issued to temporary teachers and are in effect based on a given period. Hence, 3-year special permits can be renewed to a non-extendible of 2 years.
Section 4 in this Act amended Section 4 (a) and Section 25 of R.A. 7836 that the term Department of Education, Culture and Sports shall be renamed as Department of Education.
According to Section 8, Article III of CMO No. 52 s. 2007, non-education degree graduates must take 18 units of professional education courses and 12 units of experiential learning courses that include Field Study and Practice Teaching in order to qualify for the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET).
Hence, this was amended that instead of having another 12 units, this was removed and only required to take 18 units of professional education courses in order to qualify for the LET.
a) "Teaching" - refers to the profession concerned with classroom instruction at the elementary and secondary levels in accordance without the curriculum prescribed the Department of Education, whether on part-time or full-time in the private or public schools (as amended by DepEd Order No. 43 s. 2004 R.A. No. 9293).
b) "Teachers" - refers to all persons engaged in teaching at the elementary and secondary levels, whether on full-time or part-time, which also includes tech-voc teachers and all other persons with supervisory and/or administrative functions in all school and are qualified to practice teaching under this Act.
c) "Board" - refers to the Board for Professional teachers established and constituted under this Act.
d) "Commission" - refers to the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC).
Section 13. Examination, Registration, License Required
- All applicants who wanted to become professional teachers must undergo a written examination that is issued once a year. A valid certificate of registration and valid professional license from the Commission are given before any person can actually practice teaching.
Section 14. Scope of Examination
- Elementary level consists of 2 parts: professional education and general education.
- Secondary level consists of 3 parts: professional education, general education, and field of specialization.
Section 15. Qualification Requirements of Applicants
- The following requirements are as follows:
a) A citizen of the Philippines or a foreigner whose country has ties with the Philippines in the practice of teaching profession;
b) At least 18 years of age;
c) In good health and of good reputation with high moral values;
d) Has not been into court for an offense involving moral indecency
e) A graduate of a school or university recognized by the government and possesses the minimum educational qualifications, as follows: as amended by DepEd Order No. 43 s. 2004 R.A. No. 9293)
1) Preschool teachers: Bachelor's degree in Early Childhood (BECED) or its equivalent
2) Elementary grade teachers: Bachelor's degree in Elementary Education (BSEDD) or its equivalent
3) Secondary grade teachers: Bachelor's degree in Education or its equivalent with a major and minor, or Bachelor degree in Arts and Sciences with at least 18 units in professional education
4) Tec-Voc teachers: Bachelor's degree in the field of specialization or its equivalent, with at least 18 units in professional education
Section 17. Issuance of Certificate of Registration and Professional License
- There is a registration fee that every registered applicant must pay. Once the registered applicant has successfully fulfilled the requirements along with the payment of the registration fee, a certificate of registration will be given. As for the professional license, this is also given out if registered applicant pays the annual registration fee for 3 consecutive years.
Section 18. Oath Before Practice.
- There must be a professional oath taking before anyone can practice as a professional teacher.
Section 19. Periodic Merit Examination of Teachers
- To encourage professional growth and development and to provide additional basis for merit promotion, teachers may take an oral and written exam at least once in 5 years. In taking this exam, no fee is required.
Section 20. Failure to Pass the Merit Examination
- If a teacher fails to pass the merit exam, he/she will still be allowed to take the exam for the second time. If he/she fails the second exam, he/she will be required to take the Department of Education, Culture, and Sports (DECS) accredited refresher course or program before being allowed to retake the exam.
- Failure to pass the merit exam will not cause a teacher's lost of position.
Section 21. Incentives
- Teachers who pass the merit exam will get the following benefits:
a) Be awarded a diploma of merit by the Board;
b) Earn a promotion of salary or to a higher position or grade level;
c) Be placed in the priority list for government scholarship; and
d) Enjoy other benefits provided by the Board
- These incentives are also applicable to teachers who make inventions, develop new model of teaching, write book/s and create works of other artistic excellence
Section 22. Integration of the Teaching Profession
- Professional teachers will be integrated into a one national organization, which will be recognized by the Board and the Commission. Other professional teachers are encouraged to become members of the integrated national organization.
- Membership in the integrated organization will not bar to membership in other associations of the teaching profession.
- Professional teachers who are members of the integrated national organization will receive benefits and privileges only when membership fees and dues are paid.
Section 26. Registration and Exception (as amended by DepEd Order No. 43 s. 2004 R.A. No. 9293)
- Applicants who wanted to become professional teachers that may be issued a certificate of registration and professional license even without an exam must have the following:
a) A holder of a certificate entitled as a teacher issued by the Civil Service Commission and the DECS; or
b) A registered professional teacher with the National Board for Teachers under the DECS in accordance to P.D. No. 1006
- Professional teachers who have not been teaching for 5 years will be required to take 12 units of education courses which must consists of at least 6 units of pedagogy and 6 units of context courses or the equivalent training number 1 hours, to be chosen from a list of courses to be provided by the Board and DepEd before they can be allowed to practice teaching in the country.
- Those who failed the exam will be recognized as para-teachers. They will be issued by the Board of a 2-year special permit, which can be renewed for a non-extendible period of 2 years. They are assigned to areas where there is shortage or absence of professional teachers.
- The Board may issue special permits to a person who has excelled and gained international recognition and is a widely acknowledged expert in his/her respective field of specialization.
Section 31. Transitory Provision (as amended by DepEd Order No. 43 s. 2004 R.A. No. 9293)
- Special permits with a valid of 3 and 5 years issued to para-teachers by the Board will still be in effect based on a given period. Hence, 3-year special permits can be renewed to a non-extendible of 2 years.
Section 23. Revocation of the Certificate of Registration, Suspension from the Practice of the Teaching Profession, and Cancellation of Temporary or Special Permit
- The Board has the power to suspend or revoke the certificate of registration, and to reprimand or to cancel the temporary/special permit of the holder for any of the following causes:
a) Conviction for any criminal offense by the court
b) Immoral, unprofessional or dishonorable conduct
c) Declaration by the court for bring mentally insane
d) Malpractice, incompetence, and serious negligence of the practice of the teaching profession
e) Use of any fraud or deceit in obtaining a certificate of registration, professional license or special/temporary permit
f) Habitual use of drugs
g) Violations of any provisions of this Act, rules and regulations and the policies of the Board and the Commission, and the code of ethical and professional standards for professional teachers
h) Unjustified failure to attend seminars, workshops, conferences and the like, or the continuing education program prescribed by the Board and the Commission
In addition, Article IV of this Act also stated the prohibitions of a licensed teacher:
Section 28. Penal Provisions
- Persons are punishable by a fine of not less than P5,000 nor more than P20,000 or imprisonment of not less than 6 months nor more than 5 years or both:
a) Any person who practices the teaching profession in the Philippines without being certified in accordance with the provisions of this Act;
b) Any person who would use a certificate of registration of another person;
c) Any person who gives out any kind of false evidence to the Board in obtaining a certificate of registration;
d) Any person who would assumes, uses, or advertises that he/se is a teacher without a valid certificate; and
e) Any person who violates any provisions of this Act
- The penalty is also applicable to any school or school official who will also be responsible for the violation of what are mentioned above.
Implications to teachers, students, schools, principals and other administrators, and teaching profession in general
- They become highly competent and a master of their profession.
- They are rest assured that they will experience a teacher who is holistically developed in all aspects.
- They are protected under the law if ever the teacher prohibits any provisions provided by R.A No. 7836.
- The schools must have teachers and administrators as well as a principal that will support the students and all must follow the rules and regulation.
- The school should recruit teachers who are either taking up a LET review currently or is already a passer of the LET.
Principals and other administrators
- They must guide the teachers properly for they are also liable if something happens to their students.
- A professional teacher who is a passer of LET is recognized as highly competitive, has the aspects of a holistically developed of a human being, the mastery of the subject, and respect among students and colleagues
- Learning never stops. Continue to learn more by taking the merit exams and attending seminars, workshops, conferences, and other education programs prescribed by the Board for Professional teachers and the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC).