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Stop-Motion Animation

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Andrew Sias

on 17 February 2016

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Transcript of Stop-Motion Animation

Stop-Motion Animation
Before TV, DVDs, and video games there was:
The Zootrope:
How does it work?
It consists of a simple drum with an open top, supported on a central axis.
A sequence of hand-drawn pictures on strips of paper are placed around the inner bottom of the drum.
Slots are cut at equal distances around the outer surface of the drum, just above where the picture strips were to be positioned.
To create an illusion of motion, the drum is spun; the faster the rate of spin, the smoother the progression of images.
A viewer can look through the wall of the zoetrope from any point around it, and see a rapid progression of images.
Because of its design, more than one person could use the zoetrope at the same time.  
It works because of a phenomenon called “persistence of vision.”
Persistence of Vision
is what we call the behavior of our eyes when an image is flashed on them and taken away suddenly. Our eyes retain the image for a fraction of a second. If we replace the first image with a second one, the eye blends the two together. If it weren't for this "defect" in our vision, movies and television would always have a jerky look to them that would probably make them difficult to watch.
The zoetrope was invented in 1834 by William Horner, who originally called it a Daedalum ("wheel of the Devil")
Horner's invention strangely became forgotten for nearly thirty years until 1867, when it became patented in England by M. Bradley, and in America by William F. Lincoln.  Lincoln renamed the Daedalum, giving it the name of "zoetrope," or "wheel of life."

"The Man Who Stopped Time"
By reading the article about Edweard Muybridge and Leland Stanford, you will be able to analyze why these men, and the events they shaped are seen as historically significant.
Whiteboard and Markers
Random Objects
Cut Paper Collage
Full transcript