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History & Citizenship: Official Power & Countervailing Powers - British Rule
Transcript of History & Citizenship: Official Power & Countervailing Powers - British Rule
__ __ __ 1774 __ __ __ __ __ __
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ The Rebellions of 1837-8 Bad
Canada Quebec Act
Act (1791) Beginnings of
Industrialization (1815) Political
of 1837-8 FIRST WAVE OF INDUSTRIALIZATION The first wave of industrialization saw the
creation of many smoke-producing factories. The pollution was so bad, it
even turned this font black. Cities like Montreal grew quickly in
order to keep up with all the people
moving there from the farms. Work was difficult
and dangerous and
children often did
the worst jobs The same was true in Upper Canada Which led to thousands of people
living very close to one another This was the result... Plus all the new immigrants... Citizens lacked access to clean water and a proper way to dispose of their waste. Child mortality rates were very high.
Families often could not afford education and lived in homes much too small for the size of their families.
In addition, the average person was very poor
and often went without enough to eat. When added to the poor working conditions...
... sickness, disease, and death were realities for most people. Lower Canada's Legislative Assembly wanted to
pass laws that could help these situations... But they were continuously vetoed by the
appointed Executive or Legislative Council I'm extremely
frustrated. This must be
frustrating. This upset the members of the Legislative Assembly,
as well as the Canadiens who voted for them. There were 2 major political parties in the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada Parti Canadien/Patriote & British Party British colonists usually
supported the British Party While French-Canadiens usually
supported the Parti Patriote The Parti Patriote fought for the increased power of the legislative assembly in order to better represent the French-speaking population and Louis-Joseph
Papineau As their demands became more and more radical, they would lose the support of the Catholic Church and of the Canadien nobility. They were still supported by the many
French Canadien colonists of Lower Canada. HOWEVER One of the Parti Canadien/Patriote's
"radical" demands: Responsible Government which meant they wanted members of the Executive Council to be selected from the Legislative Assembly instead of appointed by the Governor. Papineau and the Parti Patriote
wrote down all these demands in
a paper called the "92 Resolutions" The British Party and the British colonists,
as well as the British Governor were not happy.
They were well-
and did not
want change. British Party Parti Patriote vs. What did these parties do to
convince the public they were right? Conservative
Patriote newspapers Had more voters
than British did
Refused to pass
assemblies The Catholic Church supported the British government instead of the Parti Patriote because the British let them
keep a lot of their power (ex: tithes) in exchange for this support against the Parti Patriote and the eventual Rebellion. Eventually, all this political fighting turned
into armed conflict between the two groups
shortly after Britain officially rejected the 92 Resolutions. The Reform Party was like Upper
Canada's version of the Parti Patriote The Parti Patriote and the Reform Party formed an alliance with each other.
They asked their supporters to boycott British products and held large assemblies. This armed conflict is what's known
as the Rebellions of 1837-8 The British colonial army fought against the Patriote rebels. Eventually, the rebels would lose the rebellion.
Many rebels were convicted of treason and
either deported to Australia or hanged. The Rebellions had failed. Interpret: email@example.com Urbanization in 1815 The 92 Resolutions Papineau addresses crowd, 1837 + +