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Indus Valley Civilization

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by

Paolo Miguel Panlaqui

on 4 February 2014

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Transcript of Indus Valley Civilization

Gender Roles and Entertainment
Indus Valley Civilization
Government
The priests had a large impact on the government of the Indus River Valley. The religion was the basis for their government, with all of their laws coming from the religious beliefs. The government kept control of the people through religion.

Religion
Hinduism
~1700-1100 B.C.E. (Polytheistic)

Social Classes
Brahmins (priests and the king)
Kshatriyas (warriors and aristocrats
Vaishyas (cultivators, artisans, and merchants)
Shudras (peasants and serfs)

Tools and Weapons
Indus Valley
South Asia's first cities were established around 2600 B.C. in what is now Pakistan and Western India. It is called the Harappan Culture or Indus Civilization. This civilization developed at approximately the same time as the early city states of Egypt and Mesopotamia.

Group 6:
Paolo Panlaqui, Sebby Villanueva, Marvin Miciano, Franzl Lao, Martin Calayan, Enzo Cucio

Geography
This urban civilization spread over a vast geographical region, from the high mountains of Baluchistan and Afghanistan to the coastal regions. Large cities. and smaller towns grew up along the major trade routes.

Buddhism
365 B.C.E. (Monotheistic (Buddha))

Worships of gods and goddesses
Worship of Mother Goddess: A large number of semi-nude figures which is identified with some female energy or Shakti / Mother Goddess, who is the source of all creation.

Worships of gods and goddesses
Worship of Lord Shiva: The Pashupati seal in which the three faced male god is shown seated in a yogic posture, surrounded by a rhino and a buffalo on the right, and an elephant and a tiger on the left.

Writing and Literature
Between 400 - 600 distinct Indus symbols have been found on seals, small tablets, ceramic pots and more than a dozen other materials.

Writing and Literature
The Indus script (also Harappan script) is a corpus of symbols produced by the Indus Valley Civilization between the 26th and 20th centuries BC.

Technology
Weights
Major Contribution
: First civilization in the world to develop precise measurement and weighing equipment

Sewers/ Pipelines
Major Contribution: Pipelines/Sewers which lead from the houses or any part of the city to the sewers and to the river.

Indus Valley Seal
Indus Valley Seal which
was used for internal and external trade.
It was found between 1927-1931
It was found in Mohenjo-Daro

Bricks (Technology)
Most Indus Valley cities were made from mud bricks. Bricks were laid in rows or 'courses', end to end and crossways. Indus Valley walls were so strong that many have stood for over 4,000 years.

Homes and houses (Technology)
Houses were one or two stories high, made of baked brick, with flat roofs, and were just about identical.

Pot w/ Perforated sides
Some pots were found with holes punched in the sides. Archealogists believe that pots like this many have been used to create fermented drinks like beer.

Carnelian Beads
The Indus Valley people are known for their bead-making skills. Different materials were used to make such beads such as carnelian, bone and ivory.

Tools
Constructed from bronze and possibly copper and iron.
Clay was utilized for both art and tool manufacturing.
Developed a measuring system and tools for measurement

Weapons
Constructed from bronze.
Weaponry was not as advanced as it was in the Mesopotamian society.
Arrows were crafted.
Swords were not developed.
Isolated geography negated the need for advanced weaponry.

Entertainment
Indus Valley people enjoyed gambling and playing board games. At Harappa archaeologists found dice made from cubes of sandstone and terracotta. These are probably the oldest dice in the world.

Entertainment
The Indus people may have been the first to use cube dice with six sides and spots and may have played chess, just like the ones we use today.

Gender Roles
Men worked within their designated caste social class.
Women were valued because of their ability to produce offspring and nurse.
When children were old enough, they adopted their parents' role

Sources
http://www.rivervalleycivilizations.com/indus.php
http://www.slideshare.net/lcordelia/technology-of-indus-civilization-final-presentation
http://www.ancientscripts.com/indus.html
http://www.ancient.eu.com/Indus_Valley_Civilization/
http://www.indianetzone.com/18/religion_indus_valley_civilization.htm


Thank You! For listening
Hope you learned something
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Facebook Page
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Full transcript