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David Hume

Prezi for Class

Breeanna Hairston

on 24 April 2014

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Transcript of David Hume

David Hume
Scottish Philosopher of the 18th Century
Go put your philosophical glasses on and think about the world instead of ignoring it!!
Lesson Plan
For Today
Today, we shall look at......
"A wise man proportions his beliefs to the evidence." (David Hume - Quotes, n.d.)
David Hume
Scottish Philosopher
Known for philosophical empiricism and skepticism noted in famous literature and essays
Controversial 18th Century Philosopher
David Hume
Hume's life's work
as a philosopher
The Relevance of
Theories Today
The Historical Events
that Occurred
During Hume's Life
Biographical Details
Hume's Life
Explain Hume's
“A wise man proportions his beliefs to the evidence.”
David Hume - Biography. (2014, February 21). Retrieved from The Eueopean Graduate School: http://www.egs.edu/library/david-hume/biography/
David Hume - Quotes. (n.d.). Retrieved from Good Reads: http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/45726.David_Hume
David Hume (1711-1776). (2014, Feruary 23). Retrieved from Spark Notes: http://www.sparknotes.com/philosophy/hume/themes.html
David Hume Biography. (2014, February 23). Retrieved from Cliffs Notes: http://www.cliffsnotes.com/literature/c/concerning-the-principles-of-morals/david-hume-biography
Davis, P. (2009). Three Minute Philosophy - David Hume. Retrieved from

Duignan, B. (2011). The History of Western Ethics. Britannica Educational Publishing.
Empiricism. (n.d.). Retrieved from Dictionary.com: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/empiricism?s=t
Nenadic, D. (2000). The Rise of Edinburgh. Retrieved from BBC - History - British History: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/civil_war_revolution/scotland_edinburgh_01.shtml
Porteous Riots. (2014). Retrieved from Encyclopedia Britannica: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/471069/Porteous-Riots
Stangroom, J., & Jutian Baggini. (2004). Great Thinkers A-Z. Continuum.
Strathem, P. (2002). The Essential Hume. London, Great Britain: Virgin Books.
The Making of the Union - Jacobites and the Union. (n.d.). Retrieved from BBC - History - Scottish History: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/scottishhistory/union/features_union_jacobites.shtml
Biographical Details
Edinburgh in the 18th Century
Our History [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from Michael Hyatt: http://prezi.com/nvtwbbqn_jcu/edit/#26_238900
Bonnie Prince Charlie
Bonnie Prince Charlie [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from BBC News: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/scotland/edinburgh_and_east/8413648.stm
References - Images
Bonnie Prince Charlie [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from BBC News: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/scotland/edinburgh_and_east/8413648.stm
David Hume [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from Britannica Internet Guide Section: http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/hume.htm
Our History [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from Michael Hyatt: http://prezi.com/nvtwbbqn_jcu/edit/#26_238900
David Hume [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from Britannica Internet Guide Section: http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/hume.htm
Hume's Philosophical Theories
Theory of Causation
Causation explains the ‘action of causing something’
Non-Existence of God
Hume was an atheist
Claimed that religious faith is based on miracles
Believed that 'miracles' like walking on water were exaggerated stories
If there is no real evidence then God's existence is not true
Also argued that if God existed and was good and a powerful then evil would not exist
Obviously evil exists in our world
Reason and Morality
Hume argues against the idea reason and morality
It is said moral judgements lead to action
Theory of Induction
Induction - the practice of drawing general conclusion based on particular experiences or when you repeatedly do something the next time you do t you will expect it to be exactly the same
Hume argues we cannot tell the future therefore we cannot make adequate assumptions
The Bundle Theory
Bundle Theory - Only the features of objects exist or what we perceive through our senses is all that exists
5 Senses - See, Hear, Taste, Smell and Touch
Hume argues That...
It is also said that reason can motivate us to act
Hume again claims that reason cannot motivate anyone and only helps people to arrive at judgements
Argues that desire motivates people
Class Activity
Think about an apple again....
We cannot say that all the apples we get will be green because one day we will get a red apple.
This supports Hume's theory that we cannot predict the future only make assumptions.
Class Activity
Imagine the features of a Granny Smith apple...
Now imagine an apple without these features...
This made Hume an empiricist
Empiricism - the principle that all knowledge is derived from the senses
Believed there was no such thing as the self
Only sense data or the features of a person exists
Theory encouraged Hume's atheist attitude
Relevance of Hume's Ideas
One of the most influential figures of both philosophy and literature
Views/teachings still a large continuing influence
Some problems still posed by modern philosopher
Ideas rubbed off on other philosophers
Philosopher grew in popularity as he aged
His street was named St David Street after his death
TO Conclude...
Hume's quote...
Take what you have learnt...
Historical Context
Historical Context
Edinburgh small capital city with little more than one street running through the middle
Poor and Rich lived close together compared to other parts of Great Britain
Edinburgh supported government intuitions
Edinburgh practiced and supported Scotch Presbyterian (where elders were head of the church)
Atheism viewed as extremely offensive to the church and punishable by death

Historical Context
Limited space and expansion of population caused disease
Scotland suffered and economic stagnation causing Riots in 1736 and the Jacobite Rebellion in 1745
Rebellions brought much concern in the Scottish society
Biographical Details
Scottish Philosopher David Hume was born in Edinburgh in May of 1711
Son of a Modest Landlord, Joseph Hume and his mother was Catherine Hume.
He was educated by his mother and attended Edinburgh University at 11 years old but dropped out at 14 years old
Expected to study law but loved philosophy so much that he didn't become a lawyer.
Suffered a metal breakdown in 1729
Biographical Details
He had joined the British Embassy in Paris
Wrote his first book "A Treatise of Human Nature" which wasn't a big success
Applied for the chair of moral but was denied the position (Most likely due to his mental disposition at the time.)
Died of cancer in 1776
Crowds gathered to see if he would accept religion on his death bed
Domino Effect
Domino A collides with Domino B, causing movement
Hume believed you are primarily observing that one event follows another, but there is no observation of the cause
It may be by chance that the domino moved at that exact moment
Hume believes that you have to observe the event numerous times to infer that it isn't a coincidence
"A wise man proportions his beliefs to the evidence"
Simply means a wise man bases their beliefs through experience of your senses
In his journals it said, "My studious disposition, my sobriety, and my industry, gave my family a notion that the law was a proper profession for me; but I found an insurmountable aversion to every thing but the pursuits of philosophy and general learning; and while they fancied I was poring upon Voet and Vinius, Cicero and Virgil were the authors which I was secretly devouring."
Full transcript