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Czech Republic

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by

Káťa Vernerová

on 31 January 2014

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Transcript of Czech Republic

Czech Republic
- capital city: Prague (Praha)
- language: Czech
- government: Parliamentary Republic
- currency: Czech Koruna (Koruna Česká)
- religion: mostly non-religious or Christians
- population: 10, 513, 209
- area: 78,866 km² (30,450 sq mi)



Czech Language
- Slavic and synthetic language
- one of the most difficult languages to learn
- 7 declensions
- three genders (masculine, feminine, and neuter)
- different grammatical aspects are expressed in one
word by changing the structure of that word - adding
an ending or prefix, modifying the core of the word,
etc.
- special letter: ř
- tongue twister: Strč prst skrz krk.
National Symbols of the Czech Republic
Other Symbols
Czech

Republic

Christmas
- celebrated on December 24th
- food: soup, carp, potato salad
- Christmas presents are opened after dinner
- Baby Jesus brings presents
- some people end Christmas Eve by attending
the midnight mass at a local church
Easter
- celebrated on the first Monday after the first
spring full moon
- decoration of eggs (
kraslice
), making whips,
baking
mazanec
(sweet yeast dough) and
vánočka
(braided bread)
- boys symbolically hit girls with
pomlázka
(whips made from willow tree twigs)
Formation of the Czech state
- Principality of Bohemia: c. 870
- Kingdom of Bohemia: 1198
- Czechoslovakia: October 28th, 1918
- Czechoslovakia Socialist Republic: July
11th, 1960
- Czech and Slovak Federal Republic: April
23rd, 1990
- Czech Republic: January 1st, 1993

- The Great and Small State Coat of Arms
- The State Colors (Tricolor)
- The State Flag
- The Flag of the President of the Republic
- The State Seal
- The National Anthem

The Czech Republic National Anthem
Czech Crown Jewels (Bohemian Crown Jewels)
Public Holidays
Food and Drinks
- the average meal contains: soup, main course, dessert
- Czech food is kind of similar to German and Austrian
- the national meal course is
svíčková
(dumplings, beef,
cream sauce with cranberries)
- desserts: buchty, medovník, palačinky, vdolky
- the most popular drinks: beers, vines, Becherovka,
Fernet Stock, Slivovice, Kofola
School and Education
- preschool, elementary school, high school, university
- elementary school lasts 9 years
- maturita = high-school exit exam or "maturity exam"
- quizzes, tests, exams + oral exams
- about 13 subjects per a year
- school starts at 8 a.m.
- students stand up in the beginning of every period
- classes last 45 minutes
- 10 and 20 minutes breaks between classes
- lunch after the end of the school day
Sports
- the most popular sports: hockey and soccer
- other: tennis, floorball, basketball, volleyball
- Czech tennis players have been remarkably
successful in international competitions.
- Many Czech hockey players have been successful in
professional leagues like NHL or KHL.
- Věra Čáslavská: former gymnast, won seven Olympic
gold medals in individual events
- Jan Železný: javelin thrower, world and Olympic
champion and world record holder
Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State; New Year's Day
Easter Monday
Labour Day
Liberation Day
Saints Cyril and Methodius Day
Jan Hus Day
St. Wenceslas Day (Czech Statehood Day)
Independent Czechoslovak State Day
Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day
Christmas Eve
Christmas Day
St. Stephen's Day (The Second Christmas Day)
National Tree - Linden
Folk Costume
Inventions and Monuments
Otto Wichterle: eye lenses
Prokop Diviš: lightning rod
Josef Ressel: screw propeller

most monuments are in Prague
Prague attracts tourists from all over the world thanks to the beautiful and ancient monuments
the oldest monument is a bridge in Písek (built in the second half of the 13th century)
Full transcript