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Introduction to Permaculture

Creating a Permanent Culture
by

Eric Stewart

on 11 March 2013

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Transcript of Introduction to Permaculture

Introduction to Permaculture:
Creating a Permanent Culture Bio-Intensive Gardening Food Forest Gardening Seed Saving Organic Agriculture Natural Farming Keyline Water Harvesting Holistic Range management Agroforestry Aquaculture Wild Harvesting Gleaning Passive Solar Design Natural Construction Materials Water Harvesting & Water Reuse Biotechture Earthships Natural disaster resistant Pattern Language Owner Building Reuse & Creative Recycling Hand Tools & Appropriate technologies Bicycles & Electric Trikes Efficient wood stoves Fuels from Organic Waste Wood gasification Bio-Char Micro-hydro and small wind turbines Grid-tied renewable power generation Energy Storage Transitional engineering Home Schooling Waldorf Schools Partipatory Arts & Music Social Ecology Action Learning Transition Culture Yoga, Tai Chi & other body/mind/spirit disciplines Spirit of Place- Indegenious culture revival Complementary & wholistic medicine Home birth & breast feeding Dying with dignity Local & regional currencies Carpooling, ride sharing & car share Ethical investment & fair trade Farmers markets & community supported agriculture (CSA)
WWOOFing & similar networks Life cycle analysis & 'emergy' accounting Cooperatives & Body Corporates Cohousing & Ecovillages Open Space Technology & Consensus Decision Making Native Title & traditional use rights Terms to know: Permaculture Flower What is Permaculture? History of Permaculture Agribusiness - The economic and industrial empire that runs monocultures. Its proponents regard food and the environment not as a resource but as a commodity.

Economy- Eco means "home" - nomy means "manage" - Economy is the management of Home. The scientific study of relationships in land, capital, and labor.

Ecology- Eco means "home" - logy means "to study" - Ecology is the study of Home. The scientific study of relationships of organisms in a bio system.

Chemical Free- Not requiring artificial industrially prepared chemicals such as inorganic fertilizers and biocides.

Diversity- Of a species or variety, having many forms.

Monoculture- A single species crop. They are highly vulnerable to failure or destruction and are energy consuming.

Self-sufficiency- A system that requires only limited input to maintain itself. The biosphere and its natural ecosystems are self-sufficient with inputs of solar energy, rain, wind and other climatic factors. Such a balance is almost impossible for people to reproduce.

Stable- Able to perpetuate itself without loss of species or requiring many external inputs; in equilibrium.

Ethics- The moral system of a particular school of thought; the rules of conduct recognized in respect of a particular class of human actions; the science of human duty in its widest extent.

Integrated- To combine parts or elements into a whole.

Intense- Applied to methods of cultivation, fish farming which increase the productivity of a given area- opposite to extensive

Conservation- Preservation from destructive influences, decay or waste; use of a resource at a lesser rate than its rate of replacement

Principle- Origin, Source, foundation- A fundamental source or primarily element which produces or determines results.

Rehabilitation- The repair of degraded landscapes, habitats, or environments.

Restoration- The action of restoring to former state or position.

Sustainability- Durable over a long period of time, meeting the needs of the present while making sure the needs in the future are met as well. Permaculture Icon Bill Mollison David Holmgren Founders of Permaculture "a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature; of protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless labor; and of looking at plants and animals in all their functions, rather than treating any area as a single project system." "...the greatest change we need to make is from consumption to production, even if on a small scale, in our own gardens. If only 10% of us do this, there is enough for everyone. Hence the futility of revolutionaries who have no gardens, who depend on the very system they attack, and who produce words and bullets, not food and shelter." "Though the problems of the world are increasingly complex, the solutions remain embarrassingly simple" “Permaculture is defined as consciously designed landscapes which mimic the patterns and relationships found in nature, while yielding an abundance of food, fibre and energy for the provision of local needs…more precisely I see Permaculture as the use of systems thinking and design principles that provide the organising framework for implementing the above vision” “Traditional agriculture was labour intensive, industrial agriculture is energy intensive, and permaculture-designed systems are information and design intensive.” Patterns Sepp Holtzer Zones Layers Geoff Lawton Work with Nature, not against See Solutions, not Problems “You havn’t got an excess of slugs, you’ve got a duck deficiency” Local Tampa Bay Permaculturist Network Masanobu Fukuoka Voluntary Veganism The Core of Permaculture How to design your home Industrial Agriculture is Inherently Un-Sustainable Water Energy Food Culture Natural Pest Repellent Neem Predatory Insects Prey Mantis Ladybugs Lacewings Fragrant Herbs Basil Rosemary Lavender Lemongrass Toby Hemenway (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr Start with your nose and work your way outwards
- Bill Mollison Inputs and Outputs De-Forestation and Desertification Peak Oil Real Permaculture Ecological Design Permaculture is an approach to designing human settlements and agricultural systems that are modeled on the relationships found in nature. Sectors Edge Effect Transition Towns Longer more detailed version Climate Change Jim Kovaleski Permaculture
Market Gardener in New Port Richey http://priceofsprawl.com/water.html http://www.transitionus.org/ Use of compost, double digging, companion planting and natural pest control to produce the maximum amount of food in the minimum area. Producing food from trees, perennial and annual plants in a system that mimics a natural forest. Collecting and storing seeds, often with the aim of maintaining certain strains. A Japanese system of organic agriculture involving minimal or no use of tillage and animal manures, most notably associated with Masanobu Fukuoka. Commercial agriculture that uses natural fertilisers and pest control methods. Gathering food and other yields from wild plants and animals. A system that uses intensive rotational grazing of livestock to sustainably manage land and provide animal yields, developed and taught by Allan Savory. Gathering of food wasted by commercial production. A system of landscape analysis, water harvesting and soil development using dams, channels and soil condition ploughing, developed by P.A.Yeomans. Integrated production of pastures and/or crops with timber and/or tree crops. Aquatic systems that provide most of the food for harvested fish and/or other animals. Integrated system with growing plants hydroponically with fish is called aquaponics.
Local Aquaponics Schools:
Morningstar Fishermen
Green Acres Organic Sun oriented glazing and shading, thermal mass, passive venting. Earth, strawbale, lime plaster, round pole, stone. Water tanks, compost toilets and reedbeds. Organic design theory and tools of Christopher Alexander. The manipulation of tree form to grow structures and buildings. “Earthships” and other designs that build into the ground. Bushfire, wind, flood & earthquake. Empowerment and financial autonomy of residents and communities in constructing their own housing using accessible technologies and materials. Decentralised and context specific reuse of materials through craft, rather than centralised industrial processes. Recovery and maintenance of traditional tools and skills. Human powered and assisted transport that improves the efficiency of the human body. Bio-diesel, methanol, biogas and wood gas for local cooking, electricity and transport. Charcoal soil improver and carbon capture. Efficient and carbon neutral fuel for local electric power and vehicle transport. Re-localisation of the maintenance, retrofit and redesign of infrastructure and technology. Simple renewable technologies for remote and local grid power. Use of the electric grid as a “battery” for localised power generation. Heat banks, pumped storage (water), compressed air, and other simple temporary stores of energy. Rocket and other stove designs using simple materials and local construction. A reflective process of progressive problem solving that accepts the observer as a part of the system being studied.Home Schooling
Parents as natural teachers of children within the household economy. Parents as natural teachers of children within the household economy. Schools based on the educational methods of Rudolf Steiner. Reclaiming our place as actors/musicians rather than spectators. Philosophy focused on the redesign of society using ecological principles. An evolving exploration of the head, heart and hand of energy descent. The maintenance of health through regular designed exercises based on eastern traditions. Reconnection of spiritual and cultural values to place and “country”. Movement to reclaim dying from institutionalised medicine. A wide spectrum of approaches to health care outside of conventional allopathic medicine. Reclaiming birth and infant nutrition as part of the economy of nature and the household. Interest-free money systems that serve a defined and limited territory. Using the power of investment and consumption to drive equitable economies. Rebuilding community by more efficient use of existing cars and roads. Direct connection and contracting between producers and consumers without the middlemen. Wholistic methods for measuring the full costs and benefits of existing and new technologies and economies. Voluntary exchange of work for food, accommodation and experience of ecological living. Legal structures for collective ownership and management of land, buildings and other assets. Traditional ways of non-exclusive use of land and resources, recognised in law. Ecologically designed communities where residents are bound together by some degree of shared ownership and organisation. Collaborative tools for sharing knowledge and reaching decisions. How to make a food forest:
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