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Music in the 1920s

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Omar Elhaj

on 19 March 2015

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Transcript of Music in the 1920s

Music in the 1920s
Important Jazz Musicians of the 1920s
Classical Music in the 20s
Classical music losing popularity, not as appealing to the younger generation as jazz
Early 1900s, classical music changing very rapidly/drastically
-Composers began to reject common ideals, structures in music
-Some general themes of classical music were completely ignored (eg. composer could make ugly sounding melody in attempt to persuade listener to see larger picture)
Was in response to all of the changes in the world taking place at the time.
Early jazz music: direct fusion of Ragtime and Blues
Originated mainly in New Orleans: city filled with trade and mixing of culture, customs, and music
When band instruments became more easily accessible to blacks, jazz was formed
What is Jazz?
-The genres of the 1920s influenced the genres that we hear today

-The drastic change in music was a symbol for the drastic change in the world going on
World Events
Augene Lee and John Kook
Classical Composers of the Jazz Age
Musical art form of African American descent
Based heavily around improvisation/syncopated rhythm
Emerged in the early 1900s in the South, especially New Orleans
Bands typically consisted of brass, woodwind sections, and rhythm sections including a drummer, bass player, and guitar or banjo
Early pioneers include; Louis Armstrong, Jelly Roll Morton, Buddy Bolden, Duke Ellington, Joe Oliver etc.
Experienced majority of popularity from 20s to 60s.
Beginnings of Jazz
Created by African American slaves in the southern US during the 1800s in the Mississippi Delta
Developed from spirituals sang by slaves while working on plantations
Based on a 12- Bar structure using only three chords as the harmonic outline
Important pioneers include; Leadbelly, Robert Johnson, Tommy Johnson, W.C. Handy, and Blind Lemon Jefferson
One of the most influential of all musical genres
Directly influenced pop, jazz, swing, country, rock
Blues musicians began to play electric instruments - rock and roll created
Born 8/4/1901 into poverty in New Orleans
As a teen, began to play trumpet, mimicking sounds heard from New Orleans players like Joe Oliver
By 1919, one of the most popular musicians in New Orleans
Revolutionary rhythmical concepts, more relaxed style than any other jazz players of time
Heavily syncopated musical genre
Emerged in New Orleans and St. Louis in early 1900s
Emphasizes the off beat as opposed to the first and third beat of a measure, giving it a unique "ragged" rhythmical feel
Enjoyed majority of it's popularity from 1890s - 1920s
Jazz emerges, ragtime's popularity dies
Main instrument was the piano, but could also be preformed by various other instruments or large bands
Popular musicians and composers include; Scott Joplin, Ernest Hogan, and James Reese Europe
Ragtime had huge influence on jazz, pop, blues, and even classical
Claude Debussy
George Gershwin
Born 9/26/1898 in NYC to 2 Russian immigrants
Brother, Ira Gershwin is also a notable songwriter and composer
Began playing piano at age 12, quickly became prodigy pianist
Dropped out of high school at age 15-began writing an composing modern piano tunes
Throughout his life, wrote many classical masterpieces, some jazz standards
Directly fused the modern jazz rythms and ideas with traditional classical music
Significant later blues/rock musicians include; BB King, Albert King, Eric Clapton, Muddy Waters, Howlin Wolf, Stevie Ray Vaughn, Jimi Hendrix, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin and many more.
1920s: made switch from cornet to trumpet, began to sing professionally
Allegedly invented scat, vocal style where he would sing solo using syllables that imitate sounds of instrumentalist
Impacted music s tremendously, most influential jazz musician of all time
Drastically changed way in which singers sing, and instrumentalists solo
Born April 24,1899 in DC
As teenager, began to study the piano
Began composing at 17
Moved to New York in 1922 to pursue career as musician
Began to gain fame late 1920's
By World War II: was national celebrity
Throughout life composed 100s of works, many jazz standards
Often referred to as greatest American composer
Possibly born 1885, into New Orleans Creole Family
Began playing piano at 7
By 1902, began playing in clubs/gambling halls of Storyville, New Orleans
Style of playing had large ragtime influence, which can be heard in the way he approaches rhythm
First person to record jazz on sheet music
Falsely claimed to have invented jazz
Traveled the country spreading his music and influence
Born 9/6/1877 in New Orleans
Extraordinary cornetist
Known for large sound and unique powerful style
No surviving recordings of his playing
Legend was passed through oral tradition
Many myths surround life
In the early 1900s suffers from schizophrenia
Eventually sent to an insane asylum where he spent the rest of his life
Buried in an unmarked grave
Louis Armstrong
Jelly Roll Morton
Duke Ellington
Buddy Bolden
Born 8/22/1862 near Paris, France
Began to study piano at age 7
Entered the Paris Conservatory at age 10
Studied theory and composition for 11 years
Became extremely talented composer with very unique style
Often rejected standard scales/musical forms
Music often associated with impressionist painting
Colorful compositions often based on real scenarios
Influenced classical composers
Influenced jazz composers
Full transcript