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TEACHER & STUDENTS' ROLES: CLASSROOM INTERACTION

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Chio Rdz

on 23 November 2013

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Transcript of TEACHER & STUDENTS' ROLES: CLASSROOM INTERACTION

TEACHER &
STUDENTS' ROLES
Classroom Interaction
The Role of Teacher
The Role of Student
Classroom Interaction
Students' interaction in English
Defining a
Role
Role
1. A character or part played by a performer.

2. The characteristic and expected social behavior of an individual.
3. A function or position.
Teacher's Roles
Dörnyei and Murphey (2003)
"The success of classroom learning is very much dependent on how students relate to each other, what the classroom environment is, how effectively students cooperate and communicate with each other, and what roles the teacher and learners play"
Teachers can play many roles in the course of teaching and this might
facilitate
the learning process.
Brown, H. Douglas (2007)
‘it makes more sense to describe different teacher roles in more detail and say what they are
useful for
, rather than make value judgments about their effectiveness in terms of their ‘
facilitator
’ credentials’.
Harmer, J. (2007)
Teacher´s Roles Classification
Teacher as a controller
complete charge of class
center of attention
in front of the class
uses a lot of talking
introduction of new language
accurate reproduction and drilling techniques

Teacher as Assessor
To see how well students are performing or how well they performed.
Feedback and correction is organized and carried out.
Assessment
Correction
GENTLE CORRECTION
Feedback
Extend of success or failure, and how to solve the problem
Content Feedback
task focused
Form Feedback
Linguistic Performance:
Record of Errors.
make student know that was incorrect without disturbing the activity
Teacher as organizer
activities depend on good
organization
Lead-in
Instructions
Initiate
Teacher as Prompter
students to participate and makes suggestions about how students may proceed in an activity
Teacher as Participant
Participates as an equal to improve the atmosphere in the class.
Teacher as resource
to offer help if needed or to be available so that students can consult
Teacher as a Tutor
provides advice and guidance and helps students clarify ideas and limit tasks.
Teacher as Investigator
reflect and look for the appropriate and inappropriate when teaching
Karavas-Dukas (1995)
Roles are defined by the function and teaching method as well as being influenced by culture and society.
Teacher's Role
Categories
1. Source of
Expertise
2. Management Roles
3. Source of Advice
4. Facilitator of
Learning
5. Sharing Roles
6. Caring Roles
7. Creator of
Classroom Atmosphere
8. Evaluator
9. Example of
behavior & Hard Work
Students' Roles
have to do with teaching and learning styles
Traditional Teaching
Passive and receptive
Learner-Centered Teaching
Student contributes to the overall design of the course content and learning procedure
Student contributes to design language learning activities
Students are encouraged to take learning responsability
Methodology will lead to greater control of Learning Process
Classroom Interaction
practice that enhances the development of the two very important language skills --speaking and listening-- among the learners. This device helps the learner to be competent enough to think critically and share their views among their peers.
Objectives of Classroom Interaction
Help learners to identify their own learning methods.
Guide learners to communicate with their peers easily
Aims at meaningful communication among the students in their target language.
help teachers have a detailed study of the nature and the frequency of student interaction inside the classroom.
Patterns of Classroom Interaction
(Ur 1996)
Group work
Closed-ended teacher questioning (‘Initiation-Responses-Feedback')
Individual Work
Choral Responses
Collaboration/Cooperation
Student initiates, Teacher answers
Teacher talk
Full Class Interaction
Self-access
Open-ended teacher questioning
Questioning
What?
activation technique in teaching mainly in IRF
Teacher utterances to elicit oral response from learners
Why?

-To provide a model for language or thinking.
-To find out something from the learners (facts, ideas, opinions).
-To check or test understanding, knowledge or skill.
-To get learners to be active in their learning.
-To direct attention to the topic being learned.
-To inform the class via the answers of the stronger learners rather than through
the teacher's input.
-To provide weaker learners with an opportunity to participate.
-To stimulate thinking (Iogical, reflective or imaginative); to probe more deeply into
issues;
-To get learners to review and practice previously learnt material.
-To encourage self-expression.
-To communicate to learners that the teacher is genuinely interested in what they
think.
Form
Question
Statement
Command
How?
1. Clarity
2. Learning value
3. Interest
4. Availability:
5. Extension
6. Teacher reaction

Students Interaction in English
Group Work
Cooperation
Collaboration
Individualized Work
Individual learning choice
Speed
Level
Topic
Language Skill or Teaching Point
Full transcript