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BRANCHES OF PHILOSOPHY
Transcript of BRANCHES OF PHILOSOPHY
derived from the Greek words 'Meta', which means beyond or after, and 'Physika', which means physics.
Reasoning through a process which is the reverse of induction, that is, from a general principle to particular instances
the study of “reality.” More specifically it is the study of reality that is beyond the scientific or mathematical realms. The term “metaphysics” itself literally means “beyond the physical.”
it attempts to explain a person's most fundamental concepts such as substance, existence, essence, truth space, time, causation, and the nature of God. As well as,
the origin and purpose of the universe,
the nature and purpose of a person's existence,
the problem of the relation of body and the mind,
the problem of freedom, and other philosophical and universal entities.
Branch of metaphysics which tries to explain the theories, origin, and the development of the nature of the cosmos (universe)
Branch of metaphysics which tries to
clear on subjects pertaining to whether or not there is purpose in the universe.
Branch of metaphysics which deals with the meaning of existence, and tries to resolve the question of whether existence is identical with space, time, nature, spirit, or God
originates from the Greek words 'episteme', which means knowledge/science, and 'logos', which means the study of .
it is concerned with the study of knowledge.
This branch of philosophy tries to answer
fundamental human questions such as:
What is knowledge?
Where does knowledge come from?
How do we acquire knowledge of right and wrong?
How do we gain knowledge of God?
The doctrine that conclusive knowledge
of ultimate reality is an outright impossibility.
It is applied generally to any theory of knowledge which claims that it is impossible for one to attain knowledge of something.
The doctrine that any true knowledge
is impossible or that all
knowledge is uncertain.
It also means having a
questioning attitude toward
the possibility of having
A posteriori (Naturalism)
From Latin word which means "from behind-hand"
knowledge is obtained through experience.
A priori (Rationalism)
The reasoning that knowledge can
be acquired through pure reason alone, independently and perhaps, before experience.
From Latin word which means "from beforehand".
The area of philosophy that specifically deals with the problem of value.
It seeks to rationalize questions like...
What is value?
What are the important values which are to be desired in living?
Are these values rooted in reality?
How can these values be realized in our daily experiences?
It deals with the study of morality of human action or conduct.
The science fundamentally concerned with beauty and standards of tests and values especially in art.
the study of right reasoning
concerned with the various forms of reasoning and arriving at genuine conclusions.
The term "logic" could have been derived either from the Greek word
"logia" which means argument
"logike' meaning art of reasoning
Reasoning that is done through the process of inferring a general law of principle from the observation of particular instances to a general conclusion.
Argumentation in which
a conclusion is derived from
the propositions called
A mean of discovering the truth by
proceeding from an assertion or thesis
to denial or antithesis finally reconciling
the two through synthesis.
The synthesis is then forms a new thesis
and the process is repeated until an
ultimate universal synthesis is reacted
Ma. Luiel M. Cruz BSEDMT3-1D