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Logical Fallacies, Round II

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Christopher Noyes

on 26 January 2016

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Transcript of Logical Fallacies, Round II

Logical Fallacies
Easter Egg
Begging the Question
The conclusion that the writer should prove is validated within the claim.

Ex: Filthy and polluting coal should be banned.
Because it is doesn't burn cleanly.
Begging the Question, cont...
Either/or Argument
This is a conclusion that oversimplifies the argument by reducing it to only two sides or choices.

Ex: We can either stop using cars or destroy the earth.
Moral Equivalence
This fallacy compares minor misdeeds with major atrocities.

Ex: That parking attendant who gave me a ticket is as bad as Hitler.
Moral Equivalence
Loaded Questioning
Asking a question, which has an assumption built into it, so that it can't be answered without appearing to agree to the assumption, or else appearing evasive by questioning the assumption.

Ex: Do you still hate America?
Loaded Question
The support for an argument falls solely on the idea that the vast majority of people agree to a premise, whether or not it is true.

Ex: More people buy Crest toothpaste than any other brand; obviously it is the best brand.
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