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Logical Fallacies, Round II
Transcript of Logical Fallacies, Round II
Begging the Question
The conclusion that the writer should prove is validated within the claim.
Ex: Filthy and polluting coal should be banned.
Because it is doesn't burn cleanly.
Begging the Question, cont...
This is a conclusion that oversimplifies the argument by reducing it to only two sides or choices.
Ex: We can either stop using cars or destroy the earth.
This fallacy compares minor misdeeds with major atrocities.
Ex: That parking attendant who gave me a ticket is as bad as Hitler.
Asking a question, which has an assumption built into it, so that it can't be answered without appearing to agree to the assumption, or else appearing evasive by questioning the assumption.
Ex: Do you still hate America?
The support for an argument falls solely on the idea that the vast majority of people agree to a premise, whether or not it is true.
Ex: More people buy Crest toothpaste than any other brand; obviously it is the best brand.