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Solar System

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by

Quentin Dreyer

on 18 December 2014

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Transcript of Solar System

Solar System
Mercury
Mercury's diameter is 4,879km.
Venus
Venus was discovered by the Ancients, and no one knows when it was discovered.

Earth
Earth was discovered by the Ancients no one knows when it was discovered.

Mars
Mars was discovered by the Ancients.
The date is unknown.
Sun
The Sun's diameter is 1,392,000km.
The Sun's composition is 92.1% Hydrogen, 7.8% Helium.
The distance from the Sun to Mercury is 57,909,227km.
The Sun's average temperature is 5,500 C.
The Sun was discovered by the Ancients. The date they discovered it is unknown.
The Sun's mass is 4,385,214,857,119,400,000,000,000,000,000 lbs.
The Sun's surface gravity is 899.0 ft/s2.
The Sun got it's name from many different origins of cultures.
Mercury's composition is rock.
One year on Mercury is 88 days equivalent to Earth days.
Mercury's surface temperature is 427 degrees C to -173 degrees C.
Mercury weighs 330,104,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg.
Mercury's surface gravity is 12.1 ft/s2.
Mercury was discovered by the Ancients. No one knows when they discovered Mercury.

The Sun is the biggest star in the Solar System.
Mercury is the smallest planet in the Solar System.
The Sun's atmosphere is made up of photosphere, chromosphere and the corona.
One day on the Sun is 25.38 Earth days.
Mercury has a very small atmosphere, containing small amounts of hydrogen, helium, and oxygen
Mercury was named after a Greek god Mercury, god of commerce.
Sources
http;//solarsystem.nasa.gov/planet/
Venus is 107 million kilometers away from the Sun.
Venus's diameter is 12,107 km.
Venus's atmosphere is carbon dioxide and nitrogen.
Venus's weight is 0.815 x Earth.
Venus is named after the Roman god of love & beauty.
Venus's composition is carbon dioxide & nitrogen.
Venus's surface temperature is 462 °C.
A year on Venus is 225 Earth days. A day on Venus is 243 Earth days.
A day on Venus is longer than a year.
The surface gravity is .86.
Earth got it's name from an English/German word which means ground.
Earth's mass is 5.9722 x 1024 kg.
Earth's surface gravity is 32.041 ft/s2

Earth has one moon, and it's name is Lunar.
Earth's atmosphere is made up of nitrogen & oxygen.
Earth is around 150 million km away from the Sun.
One day on Earth is around 23.9342 hours. A year is exactly 365.256 days.
Earth's temperature is 126/136 (min/max) °F.
Earth's composition is rock and water.
Earth's diameter is 12,742 km.
Earth is the only known planet to have lifeforms.
Moon
It was discovered by the Ancients. Date unknown.
It's called the Moon because they didn't know there were other Moons.
The Moon's diameter is 3,475km.
The Moon's mass is .0123 x Earth.
Temperature on the Moon is -387 to 253 degrees F.
The surface gravity is 5.328ft/s sq.
One day is 655.73 hours. A year is 27.322 Earth days.
The Moon's orbit size is 238,855 miles.
Mars was named by the Romans for their god of war and its red color.
Mars's diameter is 6,779 km.
Its mass is .107x Earth.
Its temperature -225 to 70 degrees F.
Its surface gravity is 12.2 ft./s sq.
Mars's moons are Phobos & Deimos.
A day is 24.623 hour.
Mars's orbit inclination is 1.85 degrees.
Jupiter
Discovered by the Ancients.
The date is unknown.
Named by the Romans for an important god.
Its diameter is 139,822 km.
Its mass is 317.828 x Earth.
Its temperature is -234 degrees F.
Its surface gravity is 81.3 ft/s sq.
There are 63 moons. The 4 main ones are
It has 3 rings made of dust.
One day is 9.92496 hours.
It has 17 provisional moons.
Saturn
Saturn was discovered by the Ancients. The date is unknown.
Saturn is named for the Roman god of agriculture.
Its mass is 95.161 x Earth.
Its diameter is 116,464.
Its temperature is -288 degrees F.
Its surface gravity is 34.3 ft/s sq.
Jupiter has 53 moons
Saturn has a ring system of 23 rings.
Its length of day is 10.656 hours.
Its the planet with the most rings.
Its composition is rock.
Its distance from the Sun is 228,000,000km.
It's composition is rock.
Its atmosphere is carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and argon.
One year is nearly 687 days.
Its distance from the Sun is 778, 340, 821 km.
Its composition is gas.
Its atmosphere is hydrogen & helium.
Its distance from the the Sun is 1,426,666,422 km.
Its composition is gas.
Its atmosphere is hydrogen and helium.
One year is 29 Earth years.
Neptune
Neptune was discovered by Urbain Le Verrier, John Couch Adams, Johann Galle
Date was 23 September 1846.
Neptune got its named after the Roman god of the sea.
Its diameter is 49,244 km.
Its mass is 17.148 x Earth.
Its distance from the Sun is 4,498,396,411 km.
Its composition is gas & ice.
Its atmosphere is hydrogen, helium, and methane.
Its temperature is -353 degrees F.
Its surface gravity is 36.6 ft/s sq.
It has 13 moons. The main moons is Triton.
Neptune has 9 rings.
One day on Neptune is .671 Earth days.
The moon is 384,000 km away from Earth.
One year on Jupiter is 11.863 x Earth.
Uranus
Uranus was discovered by William Herschel.
The date was March 13, 1781.
Uranus got its name from the Greek god of the sky.
Its diameter is 51,118 km.
Its mass is 8.6810 x 1025 kg
It is 2,870,658,186 km away from the Sun.
Its composition is gas.
Its atmosphere is made of hydrogen, helium, and methane.
Its temperature is -357 degrees F.
Its surface gravity is 29.1 ft/s sq.
It has 27 moons. The 2 biggest moons are Oberon and Titania.
Uranus has 13 rings.
One day on Uranus is 8.6810 x 1025 kg.
One year is 30,687.15 Earth days.
Its orbit size around the Sun is
1,783,744,300 miles
Pluto
Pluto was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh.
The date was 1930.
It got its name from a little 11 year old girl.
Her grandfather suggested Pluto the Rman god of the Underworld.
Its diameter is 2,302 km.
Its mass is 1.3090 x 1022 kg.
It is 5,906,440,628 km away from the Sun.
Its composition is rock and ice.
Its atmosphere is carbon monoxide, methane, and nitrogen.
Its temperature is -387/-369 °F.
Its surface gravity is 2.2 ft/s2.
Pluto has 5 moons. They are Charon, Hydra, Nix, Styx, and Kerberos.
One day on Pluto is -6.387 Earth days. One year is 90553.02 Earth days.
Pluto is one of 4 known Plutoids.
Eris
Eris was discovered by M. E. Brown, C. A. Trujillo and D. Rabinowitz. The date was 21 Oct. 2003.


It was named ancient Greek goddess of discord and strife.
Its diameter is 2,600.
The mass is 17 billion billion metric ton.
http://www.kidsastronomy.com/
Solar System Card Set
Its composition ice ice.
Its atmosphere collapses if it's to far from the Sun.
Its temperature is -359 to -405 degrees F.
Its surface gravity is .827 m/s sq.
It has one moon named Dysnomia.
Its length of day is 25.9 hours.
It has 556 days in a year.
Its distance from the Sun is 14.5 billion km.
Its a possible 10th. planet.
Comets
Comets get their names from their discoverer.
A comet's diameter varies depending on how far it is away from the Sun.
Its mass also varies.
Comets stay a safe distance from the Sun, or they crash into the Sun.
Their composition is frozen gases, rock, and dust.
It's referred to as a "dirty snowball."
Asteroids
Giuseppe Piazzi discovered the first asteroid,
in 1801.
Asteroids were first named for mythology.
Their diameter and mass varies.
They orbit the Sun between the orbits of Mars & Jupiter.
Their composition is solid & rocky.
Asteroids might have a companion moon.
Some asteroids have rings.
The day & year of asteroids varies.
Ceres was the first discovered asteroid.
A comet's average temperature is 70 degrees C.
Their average temperature is 100 degrees F.
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