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The Garment Industry of Bangladesh

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Jasifa Chowdhury

on 6 June 2015

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Transcript of The Garment Industry of Bangladesh

The Garment Industry of Bangladesh
Identify and solve the challenges in the transformation of the Bangladesh Garment Industry, and recommend the best practices for sustainable development.
Bangladesh Garment Industry:
Readymade wear
Hand loomed/traditional

Ready Made Wear:
Bangladesh textile industry
$30.18 billion dollar (2015) export industry
Bangladesh one of the top textile exports
4 million people work (pop. 160.4 million people)
Hand loomed/traditional:
1.5 million people work
"green technology"
This work of art has been going on since the Mughal era (14th century)
It will always be in demand, its remains has a soft corner in our hearts!
Economy of Bangladesh :
Bangladesh GPD from 1990-2013
-GDP per capita (PPP): $3,385
-GDP per capita:$1,190
-Population: 160.4 million (#8 of 151)
-Population density (people per square km): 1,099.6 (#1 of 151)
-Bangladesh is a Next Eleven developing nation with a US$175.52 billion economy

$655 billion PPP 31st (2014 est.)
$175.52 billion nominal 36th (2014 est.)
Labor force (2013)
87.9 million
Labor force by occupation (2013)
Agriculture 19%
Industrial sector 30%
Service sector 51%
Incidences that Accorded
A factory fire broke down in Tazreen Fashion which killed 117 people and injured 200. Was the deadliest factory fire in Bangladesh.
24 November 2012:

24 April 2013:
Over 1045 factory workers where killed when a garment factory collapsed. This is known as the "Savar Building Collapse" which happened in the Rana Plaza Complex.
May 9 2013:
8 people were killed when a fire broke out at a textile factory in Mirpur industrial district owned by Tung Hai Group.
The Handloom Production Process:

Jamdani sari of Bangladesh
Tangail Tant Saree – Bangladesh
Jamdani – Bangladesh
Muslin – Bangladesh
Rajshahi silk (Eri Silk) – Bangladesh
Tussar silk saree - Rajshahi Bangladesh
Dhakai Katan - Bangladesh
Khadi saree - Comilla Bangladesh
Jute cotton - Bangladesh
Mooga silk – Assam
Mekhla Cotton - Assam
Dhaniakhali Cotton – West Bengal
Shantipuri cotton- Shantipur, West Bengal
Phulia Cotton - Phulia, West Bengal
Begumpur Cotton - Begumpur, West Bengal
Garad Saree (korial) - Murshidabad, West Bengal
Tant Saree - Farshganj, West Bengal
Murshidabad Silk – West Bengal
Baluchari Silk – Bishnupur, Bankura West Bengal
Kantha silk & cotton saree – West Bengal & Bangladesh
Batic Saree - West Bengal & Bangladesh
Sambalpuri Silk & Cotton Saree – Sambalpur, Odisha
Ikkat Silk & Cotton Saree – Bargarh, Odisha
Bomkai Silk Saree of Odisha
Bomkai Silk & Cotton Saree - Bomkai, Ganjam, Odisha
Khandua Silk & Cotton Saree – Nuapatna, Cuttack, Odisha
Sonepuri Silk & Cotton Saree – Subarnapur, Odisha
Berhampuri silk– Behrampur, Odisha
Mattha Silk Saree – Mayurbhanj, Odisha
Bapta Silk & Cotton Saree – Koraput, Odisha
Tanta Cotton Saree – Balasore, Odisha
Manipuri Tant Saree - Manipur
Eastern type Saris:

Women Empowerment
In 2013, there were approximately 4 million people working in the garment factories, in which 80% are women!

Bangladesh last fiscal year earned $30.18 billion from global exports. With the RMG making up 81 percent of that figure.

Traditionally women participation of the Bengali economy was minimal. But ever since Bangladesh's flagship of the ready-made garment industry has formed, it raised women empowerment.

Being in this capitalistic society women have more capital generating, which automatically gives them more of a say in the economy. Economic freedom is very important to everyone, and also helps with the growth of economy. Which helps form the dignification and financial security of a society.
The word Jamdani is of origin, from 'Jam' meaning flower and 'Dani' meaning a vase or a container.

Jamdani are among the finest muslin textiles of Bengal produced in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Jamdani is believed to be a fusion of the ancient cloth-making, 2,000 years old with the muslins produced by Bengali Muslims since the 14th century.

Solutions in progress:
June 2014,
Efforts are being made to improve the safety conditions on Fire and Building Safety. Along with the Alliance for Bangladesh Workers Safety, Accord on Fire and Building Safety in Bangladesh...

There is the "Bangladesh Alliance for Worker Safety" this associates with 26 American companies.

July 2014,
Progress is being made more then 600 factories, where inspected. And more are being inspected.
[1 ] CIA (2013) ‘The World Factbook’ Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bg.html
[2] Reuters (2013) ‘Bangladesh urges no harsh measures over factory deaths’ Available at: http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/05/04/us-bangladesh-factory-idUSBRE94304420130504
[3] World Trade Organization (2013) ‘Textiles’ Available at: http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/texti_e/texti_e.htm

Although we are a 43 year old nation, and our country is developing. But we are one of the most oldest countries that knows how to handle garments, we have been handling the handloom industry from the Mughal era, the East India Company to present day. We have always showcased our the finest crafts/works, and our traditions are still rooted today. We are the Sonar Bangla (Golden Bengal). The Bangladesh garment industry will ALWAYS remain as it is part of our cultural heritage and history.
Bangladesh last fiscal year earned $30.18 billion from global exports. With the RMG making up 81 percent of that figure.
Goal of 2021!
When Bangladesh will hit its 50th year of independence, the goal is for
"Bangladesh aims to increase the value of its RMG exports (globally) to $50 billion by 2021 when it will become a middle income country."

But to reach this goal, the buyers suggested to:
-Increase the Bangladeshi exports to North America
-Securing power supplies
-Boosting up the productivity
-Lowering the bank rates to cut the production costs
-Reducing delivery times
Amar sonar Bangla
Ami tomay bhalobashi...

Ki shobha, ki chhaya go,
Ki sneho, ki maya go,
Ki aachol bichhayechho
Boter mule,
Nodir kule kule...

My golden Bengal,
I love you...

What beauty, what shades,
What affection, what tenderness!
What a quilt have you spread
At the feet of banyan trees
And along the banks of rivers!
-Rabindranath Tagore
By:Jasifa Chowdhury
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