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Religion as a Social Institution

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Antonio Adams

on 21 May 2013

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Transcript of Religion as a Social Institution

By: Antonio Adams Religion as a Social Institution How is Religion a Social Institution? - Religion is a social institution because it teaches a moral code that is generally reflective of the society
- Religion is a social institution that answers questions and explains the unexplainable
- 4 Functions of Religion as an institution
- Regulates behavior in society
- Most of the laws that we face today are based off of religious beliefs
- Marriage is a religious convention
- Religion is the earliest institution Religious Organizations - Sociologists group religious organizations into three categories: church, sect, and cult
- A church is a religious group integrated with society
- A sect is a religious group that sets itself apart from society as a whole
- A cult is a religious group that is outside standard cultural norms, typically centered around a charismatic leader Uniting Religions/Traditions - Religious services and decorations
- Children are united with others of the same religion around the world.
- Toleration and freedom of religion in Canada has people from many different religions living together peacefully
- Tragic events
- The social institution that religion often fulfills is the social role of helping a community deal with tragedies
4 Functions of Religion as an Institution 1) Meets basic needs not met by other institutions

2) Meets ultimate concerns about life and death

3) Explains the meaning of life

4) Provides social stability, provides individuals a moral and ethical code of behavior
Neanderthals Neanderthals had some sense of religion (burials) in their attempt to account for awe inspiring phenomena such as storms, men came to the conclusion that supernatural powers existed. Church The Roman Catholic Church is well integrated in the society in Spain Sect The Amish of Perth County, Ontario are a classic sect. Though Christian, they choose to set themselves apart from the rest of society by their lifestyle, which goes against many aspects of modernity. Cult Al Quida may be considered to be a famous cult because it is a group whose beliefs or practises are considered abnormal or bizarre by the larger society Emile Durkheim & Karl Marx Durkheim: Viewed religious functions and ceremonies as a way to bring the community together.

Marx: Believed that religion divided the classes: Strong vs Weak
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