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Catherine the Great
Transcript of Catherine the Great
After a short time of ruling Peter was proven to be a very weak leader. People hoped to overthrow Peter and eventually Catherine, but she didn't like that so she she got the support of troops in St. Petersburg to become the only ruler of Russia. Catherine succeeded and even got Peter arrested and soon after he was murdered.
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Catherine the Great
By: Cat Renzaglia
Catherine and Peter's marriage didn't last long. Peter cheated on Catherine many times. Catherine gave birth to her son, Paul, and her daughter, Anna, but it is questionable if Peter is even the father. Catherine was eager to rule Russia and when Empress Elizabeth died, Catherine became empress and Peter (Peter III) became
War and Expansion
Attempts at Reform
While Catherine was ruling she extended Russia's borders by conquering land in Poland. A war began in 1769 with the Ottoman Empire, but it didn't last very long and they reached peace in 1774. Russia even gained control of part of the Black Sea and added new towns and cities. Not a lot of time passed before Russia went to war with the Ottoman Empire again from 1787 to 1792. As a result, Russia's empire expanded greatly during Catherine's reign.
The Age of Enlightenment was a time when many philosophers, including Diderot and Voltaire, questioned the traditional customs, morals, and values in Europe. This caused conflict and many people began to rethink the way they lived their life. Catherine the Great and other rulers tried to reform. Many of the rulers after Peter the Great were very weak and were unsuccessful in trying to reform.
After the Throne
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Catherine the Great in 1745
Sophie Friederike Auguste of
Anhalt-Zerbst, also known as
Catherine II was born on
May 2, 1729 in Stettin,
Prussia to Prince Christian
Augustus and Princess Johanna
Elizabeth. She grew up in Stettin
in a small area called
Anhalt-Zebst, where her father
was the prince. As Catherine grew up her mother
had little interest in her until her brother died. Catherine's mom was very overpowering and Catherine wasn't very fond of her.
When Catherine was 15
she was invited to Russia
by Empress Elizabeth to
meet Grand Duke Peter.
Catherine and Peter
decided to continue with
the relationship and got engaged. Catherine converted to the Russian Orthodox faith so she could marry Grand Duke Peter. On August 21, 1745, Catherine II married Grand Duke Peter an became a grand dutchess in the Russian royalty. They had an unhealthy relationship and Peter was very childish.
While Catherine was ruling she
tried to make political and social
reforms. She invited Diderot to
give her advice, but she didn't
accept his ideas. She addressed the conditions
of the live of the serfs, but the senate didn't approve of changing the feudal system. Then Catherine decided to call a gathering of representatives from different classes to help her pass laws. In the end they didn't pass any laws, but it was the first time the people had a say in
the needs of the Russian government. Overall Catherine the Great was not enlightened.
Catherine the Great ruled from 1762 to 1796. On November 17, 1796 she was found unconscious on her bathroom floor. She ended up dying the next night. Catherine is buried at the Winter Palace next to Peter III. Overall, Catherine the Great is known for expanding Russia and for making small reforms.
Fasoli, Paolo. "Catherine the Great 1729–1796." Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender. Ed. Fedwa Malti-Douglas. Vol. 1. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 240-241. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 12 Dec. 2013. (slide 3)