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# AP Statistics Final Project

Does Music Affect the Growth of Bean Sprouts?
by

## Caitlin Carnes

on 1 June 2010

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#### Transcript of AP Statistics Final Project

AP Statistics Capstone Project
Hypothesis The Question Conclusion Treatments
Raw Data Does exposure to music affect the height of bean plants? If so, does
the type of music have an effect?
H0: There is no difference in total growth between plants that hear music and plants that don’t.

HA: There is a difference in total growth between plants that hear music and plants that don’t.
2 Sample T-Test
Six seedlings in each experimental group; 10 groups total: Control Group
Experimental Groups
not treated with music 1) Rock Music (The White Stripes) a) 15 minutes daily b) 30 minutes daily c) 60 minutes daily 2) Rap Music ( Lil Wayne)
a) 15 minutes daily
b) 30 minutes daily c) 60 minutes daily 3) Classical Music (Mozart) a) 15 minutes daily b) 30 minutes daily c) 60 minutes daily Conditions Experimental Procedures
Six bean plants were placed into each experimental group
Fourty-five plants were placed into control group
All groups received equal amounts of sunlight
Watered once a day at 7:15 pm
When a group received its treatment (i.e. music), it was separated from the experimental population for the duration of its assignment (15-60 minutes)
Groups listening to more than 15 minutes of music a day received treatment in 30 minute blocks
Each individual seedling was assigned a number from 1-5 Mean growth, 15 minutes of any music: 5.5 cm
SD, 15 minutes of any music: .67 cm

Mean growth, 30 minutes of any music: 5.5 cm
SD, 30 minutes of any music: .75 cm

Mean growth, 60 minutes of any music: 4.75
SD, 60 minutes: .5 cm Mean growth, Rap Music: 5.083 cm
SD, Rap Music: .353 cm

Mean growth, Rock Music: 5.5 cm
SD, Rock Music: .655 cm

Mean growth, Classical Music: 5.167 cm
SD, Classical Music: .505 cm Mean growth, Control: 5.5 cm
SD, Control: .850 cm
Mean growth, Heard Music: 5.25 cm
SD, Heard Music: .527 1) Values sampled independently? Yes, each plant provided only one value. The data
is independent. 2) Normal Distribution? Yes, the data from the individual plants is roughly normally distributed. 3) Homogeneity of variance?
No, the two sets of data do not have the same variance. Therefore, we cannot use a pooled test. 45 seedlings Let X1= Control and X2= Experimental

t= MeanX1- MeanX2/ SD (X2-X1)

SD (X2- X1)= ((s1^2/n1)+(s2^2/n2))^0.5

t= (5.5-5.25)/ .1456

t= 1.7171

p= .0904 Two sample, two-sided t-test P= .0903

There is insufficient evidence to suggest that playing music has an effect on the height of bean sprouts at the .05 significance level. Fail to reject null hypothesis.

However, since the sample size was so small, the experiment should be repeated with a larger population to determine if a relationship exists.
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