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The New Deal vs. A Great Society

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on 3 December 2014

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Transcript of The New Deal vs. A Great Society

L.B.J. Background
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States (1963–1969), a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President (1961–1963).
LBJ lost the 1960 election to Kennedy but then finished his term after Kennedy’s assassination on 10/22/63
He is one of four people who served in both offices of the executive branch as well as both houses of Congress.
Johnson was strongly supported by the Democratic party, and as President he designed the “Great Society" legislation upholding civil rights, public broadcasting, Medicare, Medicaid, environmental
He was renowned for his overbearing, sometimes abrasive, personality and the "Johnson treatment" – his aggressive compulsion of powerful politicians in order to advance legislation.
Dying four years after he left office, historians argue that Johnson's presidency marked the peak of modern liberalism in the United States after the New Deal era. Johnson is ranked favorably by some historians because of his domestic policies

Economic Challenges
Pros/Cons: Great Society
F.D.R. Background
D.O.B.: January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New York.
Parents: James Roosevelt and Sara Delano Roosevelt.
Spouse: Eleanor Roosevelt
Roosevelt and his wife had 6 children, although one died through infancy. (Anna, Elliott, John, James, Franklin jr, and Franklin jr. 2nd) The first Franklin jr died, so the following son was named after him.
He died on April 12,1945 in Georgia due to a cerebral hemorrhage.
Education: Attended Groton, a prestigious preparatory school in Massachusetts. Bachelors degree in history from Harvard in only three years. He then went to Columbia University Law School but did not obtain a degree.
1910: Elected to the New York State Senate.
1928: Elected governor of New York State.
Elected the 32nd president on March 4, 1933 (Democratic Party).
He was the only president elected four times.
Economic Challenges
Pros/Cons: New Deal
The New Deal
Great Society
The Effect
Great Society: A set of domestic programs in the United States launched by President Lyndon B Johnson in 1964-65. The main goal was the elimination of poverty and racial injustice. It attempted to move beyond the New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt and provide a variety of social programs to uplift the nation. Out of this effort came the "war on poverty," Medicare, environmental legislation, educational funding, and civil rights laws.

New Deal: Had programs in response to the Great Depression, and focused on what historians call the "3 Rs": Relief, Recovery, and Reform. That is Relief for the unemployed and poor; Recovery of the economy to normal levels; and Reform of the financial system to prevent a depression.
The New Deal vs. A Great Society
Group 4: Jackie, Robert, Habib, Kelsey, Marco

Relief: solves immediate problems
Recovery: recovery of economy during the Depression
Reform: prevent future economic crises

Tripled federal taxes between 1933-1940
Cut back jobs and employment
The poor suffered the most

Economic Opportunity Act
Education reform
Urban renewal
Medicare for elderly, Medicaid for poor
Overgrowth- programs grew too quickly and became unmanageable and difficult to evaluate.
Lack of public support- many expected fast results from the program and some did not like the government interfering with personal lives.
Lack of funds- Money could not be spread between the funds of the Vietnam War and for ‘Great Society” enough for “Great Society’ to reach full potential.
Expanding Economic Opportunities and improving social environment
Favored budget deficit (KEYNES THEORY)
Creation of multiple economic programs
New deal style programs
Focused on Developing Economic Growth in Long depressed regional and urban

Social Issues
5% of Americans received 1/3 of all income
Created social welfare programs
Provided women with more programs and positions in the Government

Political Ideology
Democratic/ liberal leaders ( New dealers)
Campaigned on helping the “forgotten man” and against poverty
Promoted “Big government”
Created and Expanded the social security system
Both concerned about the environment( clean water and air)

New Deal:
Depression (1929)
Focus: Overall Economy
Not very effective
Well Funded

Great Society:
Recession (1960)
Focus: Health and Education
Very effective
Underfunded and unpopular

Social Issues
Refused to support civil rights legislation
High unemployment rate in the entire economy
Poverty included blue and white collar workers, even some of the once-rich
Provided large amount of hopes and lesser amount of change

Supported and Protected civil rights Activists
High unemployment among Minorities
Minorities mostly poor

Political Ideology
“Game changer”
Unique political climate
Very Popular

Strong opposition
Less popular

In his acceptance speech, Roosevelt addressed the problems of the depression by telling the American people that, "I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people."
During the first days, Roosevelt saw the passage of banking reform laws, emergency relief programs, work relief programs, and agricultural programs. Later, a second New Deal was evolved; it included union protection programs, the Social Security Act, and programs to aid tenant farmers and migrant workers.
In the long run, New Deal programs set an example for the federal government to play a key role in the economic and social affairs of the nation.

*** Jackie's Info
Full transcript