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Central High School, Little Rock

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Sara DJ

on 18 April 2010

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Transcript of Central High School, Little Rock

Double click anywhere & add an idea Little Rock Located in Little Rock, Arkansas, United States of America "Would this whole integration thing even make sense? Would going to school with the white kids do me more bad than good?" Thelma Mothershed, Elizabeth Eckford, Melba Pattillo, Jefferson Thomas, Ernest Green, Minniejean Brown, Carlotta Walls, Terrence Roberts and Gloria Ray aka Little Rock Nine Orval Faubus and the Arkansas National Gaurd prevented the nine black students from going into the school In the summer of 1957 Little Rock, had made plans to desegregate its public school. Arkansas was one of the two Southern States in US to say that it would immediately take steps to comply with the new "law of the land." The school board had voted unanimously for a plan, that would start with desegregation in the high school in 1957, followed with the junior high schools the next year and the elementary schools following the following years. What Faubus was doing was unacceptable, and the US Congressman Brooks Hays and Little Rock Mayor Woodrow Mann asked the federal government for help, first in the form of US marshals. On September 24th, Mann sent a telegram to President Eisenhower requesting troops. The troops were dispachted that day and the President aso federalized the entire Arkansas National Gaurd, taking them away from the Governor. The nine black studentes entered the school under the protection of 1,000 members of the 101st Airbourne Division of the United States Army on September 25th, 1957. As Little Rock Central High School went through its first year of integration, the eyes of the world were on them. Ending May 27th, 1958, with commencement ceremonies for the 601 graduating seniors, inclucding Ernest Green, the school's first black graduate. The great majority of the 2,000 students, faculty and administration worked hard on putting the law of the land into effect. For every act of harassment, there were 100 acts of acceptance of the black students among the white. Even though now all of the white students favoured segregation, they felt that it was only their duty to obey the law. Besides, their priority was to get a first-class education. Many of the white students helped the black students try to achieve the same thing, even though they were faced with many pressures that were difficult for the teenagers to comprehend. With that being said, that doesn't mean it was easy for the black students once president Eisenhower had sent those troops to protect them:Minniejean Brown, was suspended for dumping a bowl of chili on the head of one of the white students, and didn't finish the school year Tropps or no troops, Fubus was set on preventing the schools in Little Rock from integration. The Little Rock School Board was granted an injunction delaying integration until 1961. The ruling was overturned by the US Circuit Court of Appeals. Faubus ignored this ruling and used his power to shut down Little Rock's public schools. During this shutdown, the white students attended private schools in the area, but the black students had no choice but to wait. During that waiting period, 3 of the remaining students left, leaving 5 to finish. The remaining five students took classes from the University of Arkansas. When Faubus' actions were declared unconstitutional and the public schools reopened in 1959, only two of the five black students were assigned back to Central--Jefferson Thompson and Carlotta Walls. They later graduated in 1959.
All of these 9 students, (though they didn't realize it then), made huge waves in the civil rights movement. Not only did they show that blacks COULD fight for their rights and WIN, they also brought the idea of segregation to the forefront of people's minds. They showed the nation what extreme and horrible measures some whites would take to protect segregation. Martin Luther King Jr. died in 1968, and he took his protest techniques from Gandhi, these students did the same.
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