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What is a PIP?
Transcript of What is a PIP?
1. The introduction (500 words) A brief description of what the topic is about, why it was chosen, and how it contributes to a better understanding of Society and Culture. It explains and justifies the choice of methodologies and specifies the cross-cultural component.
2. The Log (500 words) A summary of the student's diary, which shows the sequential development of the project
3. Central Material (2,500 — 5.000 words)Containing description and analysis of the research carried out in investigation of the focus question or hypothesis. May include photos, tables or graphs, but these must be labelled and incorporated into the text through discussion. Must contain a cross-cultural perspective
4. Conclusion (500 words)What has the student learned from doing the PIP?
5. Resource List with annotated references Let's Get Started! But where to look? Family/personal world
An issue the student already feels strongly about
Social issues arising from S&C or other classes
Social issues arising from films, novels, TV documentaries, magazines
Inspiration from past PIPs and ex-S&C students
Inspirational people in the student's life
Interests and hobbies
You will know your idea is a good one if it can be connected to the Society and Culture course through the course concepts. Once you have settled on a topic, it will need to be refined so that your PIP has a manageable focus. Your teacher can help you achieve this. Through the PIP process you learn valuable primary and secondary research skills such as; interview, focus group and questionnaire techniques, as well as expertise in gathering information from books, journals and electronic sources.
On completion, many students report experiencing an exhilarating sense of achievement, not just because a major piece of work is finished, but also because he or she has become an “expert” on the chosen topic. The independent learning skills that you develop will be very useful in the future, especially if you choose to continue your studies at a tertiary level. WHAT IS A PIP? So, what exactly is a PIP? Using appropriate methodologies, a student spends three terms researching a focused topic that is of interest to him/her, can be connected to Society and Culture through the course concepts and which includes a cross-cultural perspective. Where Do We Go From Here? Think of possible topics for your PIP and develop mind maps to explore possibilities for you focus question or hypothesis. Questions to ask yourself:
What methodologies might be appropriate to research this topic?
What personal contacts might I already have to begin my research?
Where could I go to find secondary sources of information? What is my role as your teacher? • Help with topic choice and refinement of question/changes of direction or topic
• Monitor and encourage 'chunk' progress
• Provide instruction in research methodologies
• Provide instruction and advice about referencing of secondary sources
• Help the student believe in his/her ability to complete the PIP
• Provide ladders to scale 'brick walls' What do you mean by a
cross-cultural perspective? • The student must show some knowledge and understanding
of viewpoints other than their own
• The topic needs to reflect a perspective different from the immediate
culture of the student (over space and/or time)
• For example: generation, socioeconomic group, gender, ethnicity or location
• The cross-cultural perspective needs to be integrated into the central
material of the project
—Comparing marriage rituals in two different cultures (ethnicity, location)
— Researching the similarities and differences in mother daughter
relationship between the student, student's mother and student's grandmother (generation)
— Examining the different approaches to communication exhibited
by males and females (gender) What else does my PIP need to demonstrate? Continuity and Change
Your PIP must demonstrate knowledge and understanding of continuity and change. You may include information about the changes from the past to the present and how it might change in the future. You might consider how people of different generations view the information in your study Integrative Skills
The PIP should integrate different aspects of Society and Culture. Integrating means to bring together a number of aspects using a coherent structure. The conclusions of the study should be based on the information found in the introduction as well as the body of the study. Communications Skills
Your PIP should demonstrate your ability to communicate using social and cultural literacy as well as effective communication to the intended audience. What do you mean by the 'chunk' approach? One of the most important strategies a student can apply to the process of putting a PIP together is to view the project as something that can be broken into smaller chunks.
A PIP can seem insurmountable unless the student realises that small chunks (like arranging and carrying out an interview) can be achieved in a realistic time frame.
Of course, time management skills help immeasurably to achieve the ultimate goal of assembling all the chunks into an integrated whole. Questions?... What about appendices? The syllabus does not mention anything about an appendix
If you have created something you are proud of e.g. a survey you may want to include it
Just be sure it is great quality! What are the features of a good PIP? • Well-conveyed passion for the topic
• Clear focus and direction
• Integrated flow of different aspects (including cross-cultural perspective) and methodologies
• Originality, or a fresh approach to a 'preloved' topic
• Thorough, ethical and appropriate research methodologies applied — primary supported by secondary
• Comfortable incorporation of S&C concepts
• Logical conclusions reached
• Someone reading the PIP feels that the student has undertaken a genuine 'learning journey' How does a PIP come together? When constructing your PIP, you should follow 5 stages:
1.Coming up with an area of interest
2.Refining area through reading and discussing
3.Planning and conducting the research itself
4.Pulling all the ‘bits’ together into a coherent structure for presentation
5.Writing it up for submission