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Maura Avington

on 14 March 2013

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Transcript of Judaism

Maura Avington
Ashley Graves
Dominique Marchese
Erin Parker
Meghan Sack Judaism Jewish Beliefs and Teachings Ritual and Worship
Sacred Entities Sacred Stories and Myths Discussion Questions: Religious Experience Early Leaders: Exile and Exodus: Worship in the synagogue Covenant: Holidays and Festivals The Mitvot Tanakh Maimonides'Thirteen Principles of Faith

G-d exists
G-d is one and unique
G-d is incorporeal
G-d is eternal
Prayer is to be directed to G-d alone and to no other
The words of the prophets are true
Moses' prophecies are true, and Moses was the greatest of the prophets
The Written Torah (first 5 books of the Bible) and Oral Torah (teachings now contained in the Talmud and other writings) were given to Moses
There will be no other Torah
G-d knows the thoughts and deeds of men
G-d will reward the good and punish the wicked
The Messiah will come
The dead will be resurrected Worship at Home *Settled into North Africa, Egypt, Syria, and Italy
*13 Basic beliefs
*Developed in the Jews Exile
*Adopted into Reform Judaism Torah Prophets Writings The Synagogue Celebrations at Home http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/613_mitzvot.html Religious poetry
Wisdom literature
Historical writings discusses the Israelites settling the Land of Israel and the Babylonian Exile

Jeremiah, Isaiah, and Ezekiel Genesis

Basis of all Jewish belief *adapted the biblical faith centered on the Temple
*Taught Jews to live out the prayer of Temple in thier daily lives
*Focused on the Jewish family life Sephardic Judaism Ashkenazim Judaism *Settled in Italy, France, Germany, Britain, Poland, and Russia
*followed Jewish Law and Commandments
*refrained from participation with outside world Rabbinical Judaism Religious Communities Early Movements Modern Movements Ashkenazim Reform Conservative Rabbinical Sephardic Orthodox Orthodox *One single governing body
*divided into three movements; Hasidim, Ultra-extreme, and Modern
*Open to scientific investigation, except for biblical criticism Reform *Guided by thirteen principles
*Jews choose which beliefs they follow and practice
* Conservative *Attracted Jews who were turned away from the Orthodox Branch
*Middle ground between Orthodox and Reform
*Evolutionary Judaism Life and Death God's Call to Abraham Hanukkah Yahweh called Abraham to leave the land that he knew and follow him to the new Promised Land. In return, He promised Abraham descendants as numerous as the stars.

This describes a crucial Jewish trait: unwavering faith, even when one is unsure where this faith will lead them. Moses and the Plagues Though Abraham left his land, Yahweh's people, the Israelites, were enslaved for hundreds of years until Moses led them to Canaan, the Promised Land.
However, the pharaoh forbid them to leave. Yahweh inflicted ten plagues upon Egypt, including an infestation of frogs, gnats, lice, boils, and finally a slaughter of the firstborn in every family. - the celebration of the victory of the Jewish Family the Maccabees

- The story behind this sacred festival is when the Temple was retaken, the Jews decided to hold a dedication ceremony

- also known as the Festival of Lights

- over the course of eight days, the eight candles on the Menorah are lit from left to right

- on the last night there is a big celebration and children play games together The Sabbath The Lighting of the Menorah Celebrations at Home - Also known as the day of rest

- The only weekly festival in Judaism

- Reminds the people of two things: God rested after creating the world in six days and that God delivered the Israelites from slavery in Egypt

- Sabbath last for twenty-four hours, beginning at sunset in the evening and finished the next evening

- The meal is the most important part of the day - Most of the day is spent at home

- No work of any kind is allowed, and for orthodox jews many activities are forbidden

- On the last day an ornate silver holder containing sweet smelling spices, wine, and a plaited candle are blessed and and everyone exchanges wishes for a good "sweet smelling" week ahead weddings and funerals - wedding ceremonies
are permitted to take
place on saturdays
- all ceremonies are
conducted by a rabbi
- they take place in
the synagouge under
a chuppah
- at the end there is
the breaking of the
wine glass
- at the wedding party
there is a lot of
singing and dancing - the funeral starts with a final prayer, the Shema before the person dies
- funeral takes
place twenty- four hours after the person has died or as soon as possible
- simple service
- the service is conducted by a rabbi Talmud Mishnah Gemara Law book
written by Maimonides
Organized into six orders
Zera'im: blessings and temple offerings
Mo'ed: Sabbath and holidays
Nashim: marriage and divorce ritual
Nezikin: idolatry and civil law
Kodashim: dietary law and sacrifice commentary on the Mishnah
Jewish law, myths, stories, and sermons Judaism Christianity -an initial happening that spurs an interest or belief in something -over the years there have been numerous events that have shaped the Jewish culture and beliefs -there are three that standout as core experiences that led to the religion there is today -these include early church leaders, the Exile an Exodus, and the covenant. Abraham: Father of the Faith Judges, Prophets and Kings: -had the first initial experience with God
-established the first covenant
-started the connection between one God and His loyal people
-God chose these people as His own
-Abraham was tested and followed through
-Jews look back to him for guidance
-taught the Israelites that there God was faithful and loving -Judges and Prophets were calling the lost followers of God back to Him
-often mistreated for speaking out against the misled society
-these events showed how their God is loving and forgiving for wrongdoings
-the Kings were the hierarchical leaders of the Israelites
-sometimes lost their way and went against God
-shows how power and idolatry can corrupt a society is God is not first Exile: Wilderness Exodus: Slavery to Freedom -the Israelites traveled to Egypt because there was a famine
-first welcomed but then they were enslaved
-Moses saved them from harsh treatment and freed them into the desert
-Moses was given the Torah with a new covenant between God and His people as well as guidelines for their life
-showed how their God would not abandon them and would save them with His Grace -40 year period of searching for the Promised Land
-lived in small tight knit communities that strayed from the Torah
-punishment for going against the covenant
-prophets tried to call them back
-eventually Joshua led them into the Promised Land of Canaan
-learned of the punishment and salvation of God -made between Abraham and God's people
-tie between them
-sign of the covenant: circumcision-all male Israelites have it done
-Abraham and God
-Moses and God on Mt. Sinai
-as the core of Judaism because it is the experience that started in all
-all the further events in Jewish history were built on this foundation of faith
-shows God's love, care, and trust in His people and them in Him 1. We all have passions in our life that started from experiences, What are some experiences in your life that jump started something you do now or did?
2. The covenant was a promise between God and His people, do you have any promises that you have with God or yourself? (Lent, Resolutions, Goals)
3.Just as Abraham was called to God do you feel as if you have been called to anything in your life?
4.The Prophets and Judges called the Israelites back to God what is something that you feel calls you back to something that you stray from?
5.All the early experiences of Judaism have taught the Israelites something about their God, have you had or know of any experiences that have revealed something about another person or God?
6.The Torah was given to Moses to help teach the Israelites how to live, are there any certain rules that you try to live by? -The history of the experiences between God and His people are the same -Both have a loving and compassionate God that is shown through the early experiences -follows the Torah more literally than Christianity -Continue to learn more about our God through Jesus and the Holy Spirit where Judaism only has the Old Testament about there God Clothing and special objects - Clothing for a jew is very important
- the skullcap
- tallith, usually made of wool or silk - The Ark
- A symbol of God's physical presence on earth

- The Torah
- The first part of the Jewish Bible
- Central and most important document
- The word Torah refers to the five books of Moses
- Believed that the Torah shows the Jews how to live - The Shofar
- a rams horn that is traditionaly blown on Rosh Hashanna and Yom Kippur
- used only for religous purposes
- Music is an important part of celebrating festivals and holidays -both share the same history up until Jesus. -is still awaiting the Messiah -celebrations are only from the Old Testament -celebrate a mixture of Old Testament and New Testable beliefs -Jesus is the Messiah that came to save us -share the same experiences of Abraham to Jesus -believe in the Old Testament -have much stricter rules and regulations The 13 Principles of Faith highlight the Jewish beliefs of God, the prophets, and the Messiah. This emphasizes that the Jews relationship with God and beliefs of God are fundamental to their religion. Maimonides' Principles state that God is eternal. In addition, Martin Buber used the phrase eclipse of God as a metaphor to demonstrate God's presence. Jewish tradition holds that there are 613 commandments but only ten were given directly to G-d. Approximately 360 of the mitzvah are activities or behaviors that Jews are encouraged to partake in while the other half are behaviors Jews aren't supposed to do. Additionally, one of the most important beliefs of Judaism stems from the covenant. The biblical term covenant refers to a pact of mutual obligation between God and the Hebrew people. The covenant is not only an agreement between Gods and Jews to follow a set of laws but an agreement to express faith throughout their lives.
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