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Movements for Spring class 2014

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Bettina Grassmann

on 9 June 2014

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Transcript of Movements for Spring class 2014

A cultural and artistic movement that sought to liberate the creative potential of the human mind through emphasis on the unconscious and irrationality
Artistic and Literary movement that arose in response to horrors of First War I
Thought "reason" and "logic" were among causes of World War I
Embraced chaos and randomness
Features of Modernism:
Rejection of traditional values
Loss of belief in absolute truth and God
What is Modernism?
An artistic and cultural movement
Began in about 1890, in response to the industrial age and massive technological advances
Included many different movements
- Originated in Germany
- Sought to convey subjective
feelings of artist
- Contortions, distortions,
fantasy used to reflect
artist's state of mind
- Tends to be pessimistic and
full of anguish
Works of art and Literature seen as a cultural creation, not just the work of one artist
Awareness of how power structures (such as colonialism and feminism) affected the arts
Observer not separate from the observed
"It is necessary to be absolutely modern."
- Rimbaud
At the same time, there was an optimism and excitement about the future
Postmodern Thought
Postmodern Literature
Self-reflexive narration
Self-aware characters
More playful than Modernist Literature
Parody and pastiche
Named after "absurdity"
Inspired by Existentialist Philosophy that sees life as meaningless and absurd
Contains a lot of dark humour
Writers: Samuel Beckett, Albert Camus
Reactions to Modernism
Postmodernists critiqued:
Idea that anything can be objectively known
binaries, such as the binary of "high" and "low" culture
idea of artist or writer as sole creator of his/her work
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