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Movements for Spring class 2014

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by

Bettina Grassmann

on 9 June 2014

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Transcript of Movements for Spring class 2014

Dada
Expressionism
A cultural and artistic movement that sought to liberate the creative potential of the human mind through emphasis on the unconscious and irrationality
Surrealism
Modernism
Artistic and Literary movement that arose in response to horrors of First War I
Thought "reason" and "logic" were among causes of World War I
Embraced chaos and randomness
1910s-19?
Features of Modernism:
Rejection of traditional values
Experimentation
Loss of belief in absolute truth and God
What is Modernism?
An artistic and cultural movement
Began in about 1890, in response to the industrial age and massive technological advances
Included many different movements
1890s-1930s
1910s-1920s
1920s-...?
Post-Modernism
- Originated in Germany
- Sought to convey subjective
feelings of artist
- Contortions, distortions,
fantasy used to reflect
artist's state of mind
- Tends to be pessimistic and
full of anguish
1950s-?
Works of art and Literature seen as a cultural creation, not just the work of one artist
Awareness of how power structures (such as colonialism and feminism) affected the arts
Relativistic
Observer not separate from the observed
"It is necessary to be absolutely modern."
- Rimbaud
At the same time, there was an optimism and excitement about the future
Postmodern Thought
Postmodern Literature
Self-reference
Self-reflexive narration
Self-aware characters
More playful than Modernist Literature
Parody and pastiche
Absurdism
1940s-?
Named after "absurdity"
Inspired by Existentialist Philosophy that sees life as meaningless and absurd
Contains a lot of dark humour
Writers: Samuel Beckett, Albert Camus
Reactions to Modernism
Postmodernists critiqued:
Idea that anything can be objectively known
meta-narratives
binaries, such as the binary of "high" and "low" culture
idea of artist or writer as sole creator of his/her work
Full transcript