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Daimyo Feudal Japan
Transcript of Daimyo Feudal Japan
What was their rank and role in society?
The daimyo were an integral entity to feudal Japan.
The Japanese daimyo was a huge honor in the medieval society but with the honor came huge responsibilities
They were the most influential rulers among the Japanese community.
In fact the Daimyo they were military commanders or warlords, who carved out and defended their domains by their own military might and administrated the domains as totally independent entities.
Who were they answerable to?
The Daimyo was answerable to the Shogun, who ruled the country, it was the Diamyos job to serve for the Shogun, fight for him and be in charge of a certain group of samurai. The Shogun gave out land to the daimyo’s to run.
What sorts of food did they eat?
As the daimyo was very wealthy in feudal Japan, he could afford to eat food such as Tempura (Food dipped in batter and deep fried ), Miso (Fermented soybean and rice dish , Kaki (Oyster), Zoni (Rice cake soup) and many other foods. Sake was the most popular drink among the daimyos and samurais.
The daimyo had responsibility over their land, and the people in them. They ruled the land they held and made sure it was kept well. As an analogy, they were like the governors of different states that could make their own rules but still had to follow the president in comparison to medieval England they would be known as military leaders. A daimyo's primary role was to recruit retainers. These retainers were expected to provide men for war.
One of their major responsibilities was to produce a male heir. Often if a Daimyo did have an heir he would be taken as a hostage by another daimyo to act as leverage. One of the most important things daimyo had was their honor. They would do almost anything to keep it. They also had an army of samurai who would help defend their honour. To achieve daimyo status, a warlord had to own lands capable of producing 10,000 koku of rice per year. (A koku was the amount of rice needed to feed one man for one year.)
Daimyos often hired samurai to guard their land and they paid the samurai in land or food. The ruling families were referred to as Daimyo, meaning great (dai, “large”) name (myo, for myoden, or “name-land,” meaning “private land”). Around 1800, there were approximately 170 daimyo in Japan.
A daimyo wore practically what a samurai warrior would wear, lots of armour, and carefully made swords.
What did they wear?
Daimyos lived in the area they owned, which was all over Japan. They built big castles and lived in them. They did this to show the power they had over the land.
Where did they live? What types of houses did they live in?
In the tale of the "Forty-Seven Ronin", daimyo 1 was disgraced by another Daimyo 2 so Daimyo 1 killed himself. His samurai became ronin, or a samurai without a master. Even though it was against the law, both daimyo 1 and the samurai got together and killed Daimyo 2 to avenge the honour of their master, daimyo 1. They ended up committing seppuku or harakiri to keep their own honour.
A short story
What problems did they face?
Daimyo's faced a variation of different problems. Having such a huge role in society, it was the daimyo’s order to maintain their domain. This included providing a healthy, strong military commandment, maintaining social order within the community. They were secludes and surfaced only when need arose.
What did the shogun have to do with the daimyo class?
The shogun also maintained power over the daimyos using a system of hostages. A daimyo whose loyalty was questioned might be required to place a son in the residence of the shogun. The shoguns also planted spies within the daimyos inner circles.
What work did they do?
Their job was to serve the Shogun, and they were also the military leader of the samurai warriors.
Unlike European feudal society where the peasants were at the bottom, the Japanese feudal class structure placed merchants on the lowest rung. so farmers and fishermen had higher status than shop-keepers in Japan