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Jamestown / Puritans & Pilgrims
Transcript of Jamestown / Puritans & Pilgrims
Dutch East India Company
Henry Hudson = Hudson River
1625 Purchased Manhattan
renamed New Amsterdam
flourished in fur trade
ENGLISH take over Rename it
French explorers -
EARLY SETTLERS / LOCATIONS
English = WOKE UP LATE
Granted by King James I of England in 1606
This was a key aspect for future colonists documents.
Guaranteed to colonists the same rights as Englishmen as if they stayed in England.
led 3 ships w/ 150 passengers
arrive in April 1607
settled on peninsula
settlement = Jamestown
river = James River
Problems w/ settlement
Settlers wasted time looking for gold
"Gentlemen" colonists refused to work themselves
Contaminated Water leads to disease & death
Neglect of hunting leads to + deaths
1607 - 104 Colonists
Spring 1608 - 38 Colonists
1609 - 300+ immigrants
Spring 1610 - 60 colonists
1610-1624 - +10,000 immigrants
1624 pop. 1,200
Adult Life Expectancy - 40yrs old
80% of children under 5 died
Mistrust caused by:
Pochantas captured & then married John Rolfe.
Stealing led to raiding, kidnapping, & killing each other
A TIME OF SHAKY PEACE
- Settler Expansion leads Natives
to killing 347 settlers including John Rolfe
Perpetual War until 1646
- Treaty moved Powhatans from original lands
& formally separated natives and English
John Cabot 1497
present day Outer Banks, NC
thought to have been killed or assimilated by Natives
Sir Walter Raleigh
Due to success of Tobacco as a cash crop
Need for Labor becomes important
Colonists and Companies offered up paying people's way to new world in exchange for 5-7 years worth of wor
Fleeing Religious Persecution the Pilgrims leave England by way of Netherlands before arriving in the New World
Massachusetts Bay Colony
1630 - Puritans move to North of Plymouth
Introduces West Indies tobacco in 1612. Becomes Major Cash Crop by 1617.
Married Pochantas in 1614 and played a key role in the development of Jamestown.
Encourages more English to come to the New World - EXPANSION
House of Burgesses
1619 - Need to develop a representative assembly in Virginia Colony due to Expansion
Development of English Colonies
** 1st Representative Government in New World
PROBLEM --> Most people did not live out their contracts
- could not handle the work load - EXHAUSTION
- Could not handle the conditions - heat etc
TRANSITION to Using Africans as Indentured Servants instead of Europeans.
Plymouth Rock arrival - 1620 = 102 passengers on the Mayflower.
All Males required to sign document agreeing to abide by set of rules (laws)
John Winthrop - "BOSTON"
- CITY UPON A HILL
- originally all landholding men
- Changed to all Puritan freeman
- Eventually changed to rep. gov't
Church was center of POLITICAL & SOCIAL LIFE
Roger Williams Disagreed with this lifestyle
- Felt like Church & State should be Separate
- IS BANNED
- ESTABLISHES COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND
- FREE RELIGION & RESPECT Towards Natives
challenges the Puritan beliefs
by hold bible study at her home
She argued that since people could read they no longer needed someone to read and interpret the bible for them.
Anne argues that religion is personal and therefore can be done in the home instead of at church.
She is EXHILED - ends up in Providence, Rhode Island
PROMOTES RELIGIOUS FREEDOM
1607 started as Jamestown
1614 Began growing Tobacco as a cash crop
1619 established House of Burgesses as representative assembly
1624 Virginia Company Collapses becomes Royal Colony - "VIRGINIA"
Founded in 1632
Royal Colony w/ focus on
Economic Expansion of Tobacco
Founded in 1670
Continued Expansion of Tobacco
1733 Buffer Colony
Protect Tobacco crops from
Spanish in Florida
1620 - Plymouth
Mayflower Compact - Set of Laws Signed before stepping on to new land.
Founded in 1623
Religious Freedom / Self-Governing
Thomas Hooker - 1633
Roger Williams - Exhiled out of Mass. Bay Colony in 1635 - Founded in 1n 1640 based on Separation of Church & State
1630 - Massachusetts Bay Colony
John Winthrop - "City Upon a Hill"
Anne Hutcheson established Providence
after being banned in 1642 due to challenge of Puritan belief that you could practice religion in your own home
RELIGIOUS FREEDOM MOVEMENT & PROPRIETORY COLONIES
1638 - Founded by Sweden & Dutch
1664 - Taken Control by British as they try to complete the puzzle of the Colonies. Connecting the Virginia Colony and the New England Colonies
Founded in 1660
Founded in 1625 (Manhattan) by Dutch - New Amsterdam
William Penn - - Quaker given land to start "Holy Experiment" based on religious tolerance
1664 - British take it away from Dutch leader
Peter Stuyvesant without a fight.
RENAMED IT NEW YORK
Following the Quakers were groups like:
Mennonites, Amish, etc...
Due to industrious work ethic of Quakers PA
becomes extremely prosporus - Philadelphia
Settlers vs Natives
Several Tribes united & led by Chief Powhatan
Controlled N. American waterways
est. fur trade with Native Americans
1st permanent settlement in 1608 Quebec
Samuel de Champlain
traveled the St. Lawrence River
Jacques Cartier (1534-1542) = 3 voyages
focused on Interior of North America
a way to keep members in church by allowing membership without the conversion experience
Salem Witch Trials:
Seizures would be blamed on others for "bewitching" them
everything bad was blamed on Satan
175 tried - 19 executed (hanged)