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Myths of the South

South American cultures all bring unique stories to the table. Creation myths of the Mayas, Incas and Aztecs reflect each civilizations' beliefs and way of life.
by

Antonia DePirro

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of Myths of the South

Creation Myths Incas Mayas Aztecs
Creator "Who is there to speak my name?
Who is there to praise me?
How shall I make it dawn?"
Here is the sky, all alone.
There is nothing more
–no sound, no movement.
Only the sky and the sea.
Only Heart-of-Sky, alone.
But there is no one to speak his names.
There is no one to praise his glory.
There is no one to nurture his greatness.
Creation of the Earth Heart-of-Sky only says the word,
"Earth,"
and the earth rises,
like a mist from the sea. He thinks of mountains, and great mountains come.
He thinks of trees, and trees grow on the land.
And so Heart-of-Sky says, "Our work is going well."

Creation of Humans The Heart-of-the-Sky was alone and yearning to be worshipped.
Hoping to no longer be alone The Heart-in-the-Sky began creating the earth as a canvas for his other creations. A place where his subjects could dwell. The Heart-in-the-Sky first created animals to praise hime, but found that they could do little but roam and squack. So he tried to create humans of clay and dirt, but once again failed. Finally he crafted humans of wood and sucsessfully created humans to give him due praise. Then Heart-of-Sky says to the animals,
"Speak, pray to us."
But the creatures can only squawk.
The creatures only howl.
Here is the new creation,
made of mud and earth.
It doesn't look very good.
It keeps crumbing and softening.
It looks lopsided and twisted.
It only speaks nonsense.
It cannot multiply.
So Heart-of-Sky lets it dissolved away.

"It is good to make your people with wood.
They will speak your name.
They will walk about and multiply."
"So it is," replies Heart-of-Sky.

And as the words are spoken, it is done.

Creators There were four gods. One for each direction. Huizilopochtli (south), Quetzalcoatl (east), Tezcatlipoca (west), and Xipe Totec (west).

Creation of the Earth The four gods began creating things.
They created seas and a great sea monster named Cipactli. As the gods continued to create, they had a problem; their creations would fall into the water and be eaten by the dreadful Cipactli. The four gods attacked the moster, pulling it in four directions. And from this great beast the earth was born. It middle becoming the hearth and its tail reaching down into the underworld. Creators
In the beginning, Pachacamac the sun rose slowly from Lake Titicaca.
Pachacamac was so bright that nothing else could be seen in the sky but him. But the night sky was empty; so he made the stars, the planets and the moon.
The beautiful moon, Pachamama, became his wife and together they ruled the heavens and the earth. Creation of Humans Pachacamac fashioned the first humans from the stone of an enormous mountain of rock.
The first humans were pitiful creatures; they knew nothing of the world nor how to survive in it
The sun and the moon bore a son and a daughter. Out of pity they sent their children to the earth to help them.
The son of Pachacamac taught men how to plow and plant the fields, and how to build houses.
The daughter of the moon approached the women and taught them the art of weaving, and how to prepare food.
“Teach the humans to be kind and fair. I will provide light and warmth, every day without fail; but make sure they never forget their creators.”

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