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Transcript of Industrial Revolution
Textile industry was transformed by the industrialization. Workers, in their homes, where the ones who decided their schedules.
In 1764 the spinning engine was invented, this meant that they didn’t need so many people and they could have more products in less time. The power loom was also very important, it could weave clothes faster (1780s)
It appeared in Britain because of the large amount of iron and coal mines which were essential for the industrialization
Britain was politically stable society, and also had a lot of colonies around the world which provided raw materials as well as a market place to sell manufactured goods
Because people wanted to buy those goods, merchants looked for a way to increase the production but at the same time make it cheaper to produce those products
Industrialization meant new machines in factories could develop a mass production
It started in Britain in the 18th Century
Before the revolution manufacturing was done in peoples homes using hand tools or basic machines
They produced their own food, clothes, furniture or tools
People lived in small rural communities where their lives were based on farming
Life was difficult because of the short income as well as the common diseases
Iron Industry and
New inventions meant that steel could be mass produces in a cheap way, as well as an easier method to produce cast iron
Iron and steel were essential materials for nearly everything: tools, machines, buildings, ships…
The steam engine was invented, which improved the power machinery, locomotives and ships
Before the industrialization, raw materials and goods were distributed by horse wagons and ships. This meant a lot of time as well as a lot of money
After the first steam engine was invented, transportation, not only by sea, but also by land became cheaper and faster
The telegraph was invented so communication become easier for everyone, even with the New World as in 1866 a telegraph cable was successfully laid across the Atlantic Ocean
People left the countryside life to live in cities which were becoming overcrowded and with unsanitary living conditions
Factories grew al over the place, changing the landscape as well as producing pollution
A greater volume and variety of products raised the standard of living for the middle and upper social classes
People who worked in factories were underpaid and working conditions could be very dangerous
Children had to work in factories too
Some crafts people were replaced by machines
Life during industrialization