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Gertrude Ederle Project
Transcript of Gertrude Ederle Project
Bronze Medalist in 100 meter freestyle
Bronze Medalist in 400 meter freestyle The English Channel Was the first women to swim the English Channel The Hard Journey Swimming the English Channel Preparations Equipment and Training Two-piece bathing suit and goggles were specially designed for swimming the Channel Resources http://americanhistory.si.edu/sports/exhibit/firsts/ederle/index.cfm After the Swim She got these medals even with a bad knee! Her two coaches Wolffe, her first coach, tried and failed to swim the channel 22 times Allegations that he sabotaged Ederle's first try at the English Channel out of envy that she would finish the swim and he couldn't Her second coach was Bill Burgess, who was the second person to swim the channel Also agreed to train Lillian Cannon, another person who wanted to swim the Channel http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/donotmigrate/3672954/When-Gertrude-Ederle-turned-the-tide.html Starting to Swim Started on August 6th, 1926 Started three days after the first swimmer to attempt to swim the Channel, Clarabelle Barret At the beginning, it was a mild, fine morning In the afternoon, clouds began to appear off the English coast By evening, Ederle was swimming in a very windy English Channel. The Hard Evening An accompaning reporter said that she was swimming in,"tumultuous seas whipped up by a gale-like wind". Her coach feared that Ederle would drown if she wasn't pulled out of the Channel What to do? Burgess and Ederle's father argued about whether to pull her out. Ederle's father said to Burgess,"Don't let anyone take me out of the water unless I ask," the same quote Ederle herself said to her father before diving into the channel. The Result Burgess backed down and let Ederle complete the Channel-a wise descison considering the result of the swim. At 8:45, Ederle was a half-mile from crossing the Channel. However, she doubted she would make it because she fought a cross-current for 600 m, an hour of fighting a current! The current made her swim 35 miles in a 21 mile swim because it kept pulling Ederle back. At 200m, she felt the current retreat and she made the final push to the shore to become the first woman swimmer to cross the English Channel!! As she swum the final 200m, her father and sister were watching her from one of the tugboats following Ederle. Her time: 13 1/2 hours The best out of
anyone who swum
the channel She beat the men's record by 1 hour and 59 minutes! Publicity and stuff like that Greeted with a ticker-tape parade in New York City http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gertrude_Ederle Yep. Wikipedia. :( Played as herself in "Swim Girl, Swim", a movie Financial Rewards (But the Great Depression lessened those) Celebrated as the first woman to swim the English Channel https://www.msu.edu/~grawbur1/iahweb.html Ederle's Childhood Gertrude Ederle was born in October 23, 1905 in New York, NY. Came from a family of swimmers Ederle's father taught her to swim as a toddler Had measles as a child Her father tied her waist to a rope and put her in the water to make her learn to swim! The disease caused some hearing loss! The doctors said that Ederle should stay out of the water because dampness and bacteria would worsen the hearing loss, but Ederle came from a family of swimmers! She COULDN'T stay out of the water! In the early 1920s, she was a top competitive swimmer, training in the Women's Swimming Association facility. Her first distance swim It was from the tip of Manhattan to Sandy Hook in New Jersey. She completed the course in 7 hours and 11 minutes. Ederle got hooked on distance swimming and record-breaking because of this swim! Later that year, she tried to swim the English Channel, only five men had done before. Also, she did it in an age when many people thought that women didn't have the strength to do this feat. http://www.notablebiographies.com/newsmakers2/2005-A-Fi/Ederle-Gertrude.html Timeline Gertrude Ederle's Life Childhood Adulthood Old Age Achievements in BLUE
Important Life moments in GREEN
Important Swimming events in her life in RED
Year comparisons in ORANGE Gertrude Caroline Ederle is born on October 23, 1905 in New York City, New York She grew up in NYC area. Spent summers swimming in the Atlantic Ocean
near their cottage house in Highland, New Jersey Was a top swimmer in the 1920s. She set national records in her events! Later in 1925, she attempts to swim the English Channel for the first time. And that first try was....... a failure. Her trainer grabbed her. Under the rules of competitve swimming, no member of her swimming team is aloud to grab her, even her trainer or coach. Her coach apparently saw her coughing, and grabbed her to keep her from geting sick or drowning. WHY ???????? Then, she returned to France for her second try on August 6, 1926. Two tugboats followed Ederle on her epic journey-one filled with her family
and another with reporters trying to get stories for their newspapers. The reporters would regret this decision-
they would get seasick by the Channel's waters! Gertrude Ederle Swimming the English Channel From http://www.history.com/photos/women-in-sports/photo13 She succeded in swimming the English Channel-the first woman to do so! Visited then-president Calvin Coolige, who called her, "America's best girl". AND THEN....... This was in an age where there was much bias against women-experts said that a woman couldn't swim the channel. Well, they were wrong. This made her swim all the more exciting because she proved the best experts wrong and showed that women can do the same things as men! The rest of Ederle's life She had a job in vaudeville and earned $2000 a week $31,111.11 in today's money! Her nickname was Miss What-For. She spoke a lot and gladly made a speech in front of many people. However, she turned down many men who wanted to marry her! This was an inspiration to a popular song at the time! BUT......... Just like the doctors said, Ederle's hearing worsened. Problems in later life Even though she was a celebrity, she wasn't really
that exciting after showing up at the 1939 World's Fair. HER OTHER JOBS She worked at LaGuardia Airport as an aircraft instrument inspector, again showing that women can do the same things as men can. She taught deaf children to swim at a New York City hard-of-hearing school. She spent her last seven years in a New Jersey nursing home. Ederle was modest about the swim saying only that, "I knew it could be done." Gertrude Ederle died on November 30, 2003, at 98 years old.
Even though her body may have died, we all know that her spirit
will always live on, as an example on how women can do the same things as men can-whatever bias or jeers or difficulties. After hearing her coach say that she should come out of the water, Ederle said these famous words- What for? She is honored in New York by a ticker-tape parade, and goes to the White House to see the president, who compliments her on her achievement. She appears at the 1939 World's Fair at New York. Somewhere among this time, Ederle's hearing begins to worsen. She now has a few jobs, like a career in vaudeville and an aircraft instrument inspector. "[Ederle] faded out of the public eye." She lives in Flushing, Queens for years. Gertrude Ederle dies on November 30, 2003 at the age of 98. THE END Hope you enjoyed! In comparison, in 1925 the Scopes "Monkey" Trial was held about teaching evolution in public schools. AND THE RESULT WAS.......... In 1905, Albert Einstein proposes the Theory of Relativity. 1929 marks the start of the Great Depression. In 1925, she did her first distance swim from Manhattan to the tip of Sandy Hook. Hello! It you're reading this, I congratulate you on finding this "Easter Egg" in my Prezi. She was once caught swiming in horse troughs! http://www.jockbio.com/Classic/Ederle/Ederle_bio.html As a child, Ederle LOVED swimming! She was once caught swimming in a horse trough! Video from YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EeQkkQzPD0Q She competes in the 1924 Summer Olympics and wins three medals. Many sources differ about the exact time Ederle swam the channel, but it's about (But again, sources differ.) Please leave a comment if you managed to find this! I hope you liked my project! I got a 100 on it :)