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Pelham Centre

on 23 April 2013

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Transcript of Netherlands

Netherlands Netherlands Capital city Continent Amsterdam Western Europe The Netherlands is a small country between Germany and Belgium and is located on the coast of the North Sea. Distance from the Niagara Region to Amsterdam, Netherlands Timeline from 1914-2010 -1914-1918 Netherlands maintain its neutrality during World War I
-1922 Dutch women get to vote
-1939 at start of World War II Netherlands declare its neutrality
-1940 Nazi Germany invades May 10th- Royal Dutch family temporarily moves to England- Germans destroy tens of thousands of buildings in a few hours- Netherlands surrender
-Later 1940 suffer under German occupation- Political repression, Dutch workers forced to work in German factories- Dutch Jews deported to concentration camps
-1944/45 as allied forces moved against/towards Germany, Netherlands becomes place of fighting- much more destruction-people suffer from near starvation -1945 occupation ends when German Nazi’s surrender May 8th
-1949 abandons policy of neutrality and joins Nato
-1953 2000 people die after embankment is taken out by storm
-1963 Colony of Netherlands New Guinea is ceded to Indonesia
-1980 Queen Juliana abdicates; Beatrix is now Queen
-1994 Labour party leader (Wim Kok) becomes prime minister at head of a three-party of coalition
-1995 flooding leads to state of emergency- quarter million evacuated from homes -April 2001 (first ceremony of its kind) 4 homosexual couples married in Amsterdam- new laws allow homosexual couples to adopt
-January 2002 Euro replaces Dutch guilder
-May 2002 immigration party leader (Pim Fortuyn) shockingly killed by gunman
-April 2003 animal right activist (Volkert van der Graaf) sentenced 18 years in prison for killing Fortuyn (says she is threat to democracy)
-November 2004 film maker (Theo Van Gogh) murdered- reported to have received death threats- Islamist jailed for life in July 2005
-May 2009 7 killed at parade at failed attack on royal family
-August 2010 Netherlands withdraws 1900 soldiers from Afghanistan, ending 4 year mission the policy or status of a nation
that does not participate in a
war between other nations Neutrality the maltreatment (to be treated
cruelly) of an individual or group
for political reasons, especially
for the purpose of limiting or
forbidding their ability to take
part in the political life of society Political Repression to yield or formally surrender
to another Ceded to renounce or relinquish a
throne, right, power, claim,
responsibility, or the like,
especially in a formal manner Abdicate The neighbouring
countries of the
Netherlands are
Belgium and
Germany. The
North Sea partially
surrounds the
Netherlands. Niagara Region The distance from Niagara to Amsterdam,
Netherlands is 6004.46km (3731miles) You
would be travelling North East. The geographical location of
Amsterdam, Netherlands is
52° 22' N, 4° 53' E. The only language that is spoken in the Netherlands is Dutch. Here are some
basic words that are translated. Hello
Thank you
Teacher Hallo
Dank u
Leraar The Netherlands flag was introduced in 1572 but was officially adopted February 19th, 1937.

It was known to be the first flag of three colours.

The colours were originally ordered (top to bottom) orange, white, then blue.

The colour orange was made to show respect to Prince William I.

In the mid 17th century the colour orange was replaced with red. History Of The Netherlands Flag Original flag colours: The William Netherlands National Anthem Wilhelmus van Nassouwe

ben ik van Duitsen bloed

der vaderland getrouwe

blijf ik tot in den dood.

Een Prinse van Oranje

ben ik, vrij onverveerd,

den Koning van Hispanje

heb ik altijd geëerd.

Mijn schild ende betrouwen

zijt Gij, o God mijn Heer,

op U zo wil ik bouwen,

verlaat mij nimmermeer.

Dat ik doch vroom mag blijven,

uw dienaar t'aller stond,

de tirannie verdrijven

die mij mijn hert doorwondt. William of Nassau am I, of Germanic descent;

True to the fatherland I remain until death.

Prince of Orange am I, free and fearless.

To the King of Spain I have always given honour.

You, my God and Lord, are my shield, on You I rely.

On You I will build; never leave me,

So that I may remain pious, your servant at all moments,

Dispelling the tyranny that wounds my heart Dutch English This is a picture of the top view of the Netherlands. In this picture it is showing the mean elevation. (showing the levels/the high parts of the land) The Netherlands is a place with many types of animal species. This is why they have come with a solution to help animals and people travel- The Wildlife Bridge.
A Wildlife Crossing Bridge is something that allows animals to cross highways/roadways etc. This helps animals stay in their natural habitat as well as prevent collisions between animals and vehicles. The Netherlands people do care about their environment, but they suffer greatly under one environmental issue-water pollution. Pollution from the country's rivers come from industrial and agricultural pollution, including heavy metals, organic compounds, nitrates and phosphates. The Netherlands is a mainland formed by waters of a vast estuary.

The three main, large rivers are Rhine, the Meuse and the Scheldt river.

The landscape also has numerous other rivers and lakes as well.

Today most of Netherlands landscape is made up of coastal lowland and reclaimed land that is still in danger of major flooding. a water passage where the tide meets a river current. Estuary Coastal Lowland a narrow strip of relatively low ground
between the sea and the cliffs leading
to the plateau. Regions In The Netherlands People Of The Netherlands The Netherlands culture is Dutch. Their
religion is 31% Catholic and 21% Protestant. The traditional Dutch style of clothing is very unique. Men's clothing would include woolen pants with silver buttons on the front square flap, as well as a shirt, jacket, hat and of course wooden clogs. The shape and design of the hat would depend on the region (province). Traditional women's clothing would include a long skirt, blouse, an apron, and shawls or other shoulder decorations. The hat would also differ according to the region (province), and most women would wear the traditional wooden clogs. Some skirts would have stripes, others plain, and sometimes women might wear a jacket with short sleeves or an embroidered scarf. On special occasions or on Sunday's the Dutch would wear clothes made with better fabric and lace.

Nowadays the people of the Netherlands wear average clothing just like us. They now only wear traditional clothing on special occasions. Average Age Male: 40.7

Average Age Female: 42.3

Population: 16 783 092

Total Area: 41 543 square km
Land: 33 893 square km
Water: 7 650 square km Life Expectancy: 79 years

Birth Rate: 10.89 births (per 1000 people)

Death Rate: 8.39 deaths (per 1000 people)

Population Density: 492.62 per sq. km The type of money that the Netherlands people have is Euros. Euros range from... 1 Euro
2 Cents
5 Cents
10 Cents
20 Cents
1 Euro
2 Euros 1 Euro is roughly 1.3 (1.30264) of a Canadian dollar. The average income per person (capita)
is $49 650 a year. Employment rate 93.2%
Unemployment rate 6.8%

One of the Netherlands largest industries
is metal.

The metal is made to construct metal
buildings around the world.

Most of the industry was wiped out after
World War II, but over time it has been
brought back. Employment rate 93.2%
Unemployment rate 6.8%

One of the Netherlands largest industries is metal.

The metal that they produce is to create metal buildings around the world.

Most of the industry was wiped out after World War II, but have brought it back. all the monarchs come from the same family, and the crown is passed down from one member to another member of the family The type of government that the Netherlands has is a Constitutional Monarchy.

A Constitutional Monarchy is form of constitutional government where either an elected or hereditary monarch is the head of state. Hereditary Monarchy Netherlands Government Three Major Religions Of The Nethelands The 3 major religions in the Netherlands are Roman Catholic, Protestants and Reformed. Roman Catholic Protestants Reformed Being Roman Catholic means you have unique beliefs and traditions that are different from other Catholics. Roman Catholics have carried the true traditions of the apostolic church which is a church founded by the apostles. any of the early followers of Jesus who carried the Christian message into the world. Apostles Being a Protestant means
that you will recognize only
two sacraments directly
commanded by the Lord
(baptism and communion).
The Protestant religion
includes many different
christian churches. Education Of The Netherlands Literacy Rate: 99% In primary school children have the choice to choose either public, religious or any other pedagogical school.

Their school hours are a maximum of 5.5 hours per day or 27.5 hours a week (5 days).

The school subjects are language, math, geography, history, music, art and other activities as well.

Students enter high school between the ages of 12-16/17/18. They still have the choice of either public, religious or any other pedagogical school.

They attend school 6.4 hours a day or 32 hours a week (5 days)

After they have successfully graduated high school they have a choice to go to either university or college. Children enter kindergarten
from ages 2-3.

Children then enter primary
school from ages 4-12. Kindergarten Primary School High School Pedagogical A different type of schooling Earthquake In The Netherlands On September 8th, 2011 at 9:00pm an earthquake struck all parts of the Netherlands. The earthquake had a magnitude of 4.5 and hit 40km southeast of Nijmegen (close to Xanten, Germany).

Earthquakes are rare in the Netherlands because it is not at the edge of a tectonic plate.

It was a fairly small earthquake and had some, but no major damage to the area. Tectonic Plate the two sub-layers of the earth's crust (lithosphere) that move, float, and
sometimes fracture and whose
interaction causes continental drift, earthquakes, volcanoes, mountains,
and oceanic trenches The average temperature in
the Netherlands is 9.6.c (49.f).

The monthly temperature is
about 16 degrees.

The weather in
the summer is fairly warm
with changeable periods.
Hot weather is rare.

The winter can be fairly cool
or a little mild.

Rainfall is common
throughout the year. Netherlands Weather/Climate The Netherlands is best known for its windmills, canals and tulip farms (flower exports). These are the famous tulips that grow in bright, beautiful tulip farms. Canals are the most common way that most of the Netherlands people use for their commute/travels. They also bike to a lot of places. Invention Originated From Netherlands The Philips Airfryer was originated/invented in the Netherlands. The Philips Airfryer fries food with 80% less fat than an average fryer. Reviews have given it high marks since it requires very little oil, is easy to use, easy to clean and it saves time. Interesting Facts Their average height is 184cm (men) and 170cm (women) scientists say Duchies are the tallest people in the world.

About 30% of Duchies are born at home

86% of Duchies speak English as their second language and learn it in school

The Netherlands motto is "I will endure."

On Monday mornings, many businesses do not open until early afternoon in order to allow the workers to make the most of their Sundays. Another major industry that the
Netherlands has is food processing.

Strategic location, pro-business
environment, tax laws and labor force
make it easier to launch or expand your operation.

North American food companies chose
the Netherlands for European
headquarters, manufacturing, research
and development, or marketing & sales operation. One other major industry that the
Netherlands has is the chemicals industry.

Significant contribution to the economy.

Netherlands is one of Europe's leading suppliers of chemical products and
services. He was born February 14th 1967

Prime Minister since October 14th, 2010

Leader of People’s Party of Freedom and Democracy since June 29th, 2006

Served as State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment (July 22nd, 2002-June 17th, 2004)

He became first Liberal Prime Minister of Netherlands in 92 years Mark Rutte- Prime Minister Of The Netherlands US $836.26 billion (2011 estimate) Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

US $730.85 billion (2011 estimate) Gross National Product (GNP) the total monetary value of all final
goods and services produced in a
country during one year. Gross National Product gross national product excluding
payments on foreign investments. Gross Domestic Product Major Industries Referencing Reformed Christians are people who love and serve Jesus Christ. They are part of a "family" that includes Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Anglican and Evangelical. One of most important events (in Amsterdam) of the year.

Commemerates end of World War II and Holland’s liberation
from Nazi occupation (May).
Over 300 indie films screened at theatres around town.

Happens January and February annually. Liberation Day Film Festival (Rotterdam) -famous writer
-kept journal when she hid from Nazi’s
-kept journal from June 12, 1942 to August 4, 1944
-family moved to Holland in 1933 (4years old) where father set up business
-1934 lived in Amsterdam
-father (Otto) resigned from business because of Nazi’s
-father gave her writing book (used as her diary)
-died of typhoid in 1945
-“The Diary Of Anne Frank”-famous book -famous artist/painter
-birth 1853//death 1890
-grew up in Holland
-father was a minister
-followed uncles profession of being art dealer (in Holland)
-worked in England and France
-very successful, but lost interest
-decided to become an artist
-paintings difficult to sell Anne Frank Vincent Van Gogh A family in a traditonal style of dress].(n.d).Retrieved from

Anne frank biography.(n.d).Retrieved from

Areas of expertise.(2012).Retrieved from http://hollandfoodpartner.com/invest/areas-of-expertise/

Average weather and climate in the netherlands.(n.d).Retrieved from

Best palces to retire in the worl.(2013).Retrieved March 18,2013,from

Chemicals industry.(2013).Retrieved from http://www.hollandtrade.com/sector-information/chemicals-industry/?bstnum=4876

Constitutional monarchy.(n.d).Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/

Distance between niagara falls and amsterdam.(2013).Retrieved from

Dutch money-netherlands coins in circulation.(2013).Retrieved from
http://coins.about.com/od/worldcoins/ig/World-Coins-Gallery-Index/Netherlands-Money---Coins.htm Famous People From The Netherlands Also called typhoid fever. An infectious, often fatal, febrile disease, usually of the summer months. Typhoid Earthquake in the netherlands.(2011).Retrieved September8, 2011, from

Educational system in the netherlands.(n.d).Retrieved from

Engelbecht,K.(n.d).Turkish pistachio dip recipe.Retrieved from

Facing water challenges in the netherlands: awwwdr3 case study.(2009).Retrieved October 17,2009,fromhttp://waterwiki.net/index.php/Facing_Water_Challenges_in_the_Netherlands:_A_WWDR3_Case_Study

Famous people from the netherlands.(2006).Retrieved October 28,2006, from

Flag of netherlands.(n.d).Retrieved from http://famouswonders.com/flag-of-netherlands/

10 fun facts about the netherlands.(n.d).Retrieved from

Historical data graphs per year.(n.d).Retrieved from

Homeybird.(2011).Retrieved from
http://homeybird.blogspot.ca/2012/03/dutch-inventions.html What We Would Change About The Netherlands What we would change about the Netherlands is... Decreasing the amount of water pollution.

Try to export more things to Germany (easier because it's closer/costs less). The Netherlands doesn't export anything to Canada however they do export: Tulips
Machinery (metal)
Natural gas and
Processed Food And they import: Chemicals
Fuels and
Transport equipment Kingdom of the netherlands.(n.d).Retrieved from

Languages of the netherlands.(2013).Retrieved March 31,2013, from

List of country by gni(normal,atlas method) per capita.(2013).Retrieved April 17,2013, from

Mark rutte.(2013).Retrieved April 18,2013,from

National anthem of the netherlands.(2008).Retrieved Febuary 11,2008, fromhttp://www.lyricsondemand.com/miscellaneouslyrics/nationalanthemslyrics/netherlandsnationalanthemlyrics.html

Netherlands area.(2013).Retrieved from

Netherlnads events.(2013).Retrieved from

Netherlands gross national product.(2012).Retrieved from
Netherlands (holland)- language , culture, customs and etiquette.(n.d). Retrieved from

Netherlands industries.(n.d).Retrieved from

Netherlands locations.(2013).Retrieved Febuary 21,2013, from

Netherlands national anthem lyrics.(n.d).Retrieved from

Netherlands:nature and the environment.(2011).Retrieved from

[Netherlands].(n.d).Retrieved from http://images.google.ca/

Netherlands.(n.d).Retrieved from http://www.netherlands.climatemps.com/

Netherlands population.(2013).Retrieved from
http://www.indexmundi.com/netherlands/population.html 1.The Netherlands was rated number seven out of twenty one because of it's health, finances, and quality of life. 4. The bike is the very best way around town because of the many paths and bike lanes. It is much safer than anywhere else. Every person looks out for each other whether or not they are pedestrians,other cyclists, tram drivers or motorists. Reasons To Live/Visit Our Country
Organisation for economic co-operation and development OCED
3.With the Netherlands mild climate and national parks, it was ranked "happiest" country in the world by the .OCED in 2011. 2.Health: 8.5/10
Finances: 6.5/10
Quality of life: 8.2/10 Recipes Prep Time: 5 minutes

Total Time: 5 minutes

Serves 4


1 1/4 cup (about 6 oz) shelled pistachios (150 g)

4/5 cup extra virgin olive oil (200 ml)

Sea salt, to taste

1 clove garlic

4 tbsp finely chopped parsley

1 Turkish sheep's milk cheese (peynir),(200g)


Blitz all the ingredients together in a food processor(or use a stick blender ) until it forms a nubbly purée.

Serve this vegetarian pistachio dip as an appetizer with (Turkish) bread, olives, and the two other mezzerecipes from Bismilla Arabia cookbook; macerated walnut salad with pickled chilli peppers and white roasted eggplant 1) Add 1 tsp. sugar to 1 cup of luke warm water and stir to dissolve.

Sprinkle 2 tbsp. yeast over top and let sit for ten minutes.

2) In separate bowl mix

8 cups flour

4 ½ cups of warm milk

3 eggs

1 ½ tsp. salt

3) add yeast mixture to bowl and mix

4) let sit for one hour

5) add raisens or apple pieces

6) drop spoon fulls into a hot deep fryer until golden brown. Flipping once ( sometimes they will flip on their own when ready)

7) Serve with icing sugar for dipping them Turkish Pistachio Dip Recipe Oliebollen Add on to this!
-always major threat in Netherlands
-can come from storm surges from the sea, high river discharges after heavy rainfall, snow melt upstream
-cause major damage
-1993,1995, 2001, 2002 Floods comprising the 12 nations of the Atlantic Pact together with Greece, Turkey, and the Federal Republic of Germany, for the purpose of collective defense against aggression. Nato Coalition (a temporary alliance)
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