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the historical Background W.S.
Transcript of the historical Background W.S.
climax of "English renaissance" (age of invention + discoveries)
Queen Elisabeth reigned England (1558-1603) = Elizabethen Age The historical background to Shakespears life Structure 2.) the Elizabethen Era Politics
Economy Society Religion 3.)What was it like to live
in Shakespear's London? when Elizabeth was crowned- England in bad condition
treasury was empty
country was debt-ridden
viewed highly because it was a brief period of peace between Protestants and Catholics also economic recovery paved the way for Englisch global dominane and it's spatial extent in the future
referred to as the "golden Age" The Elizabethan Age Society clearly defined place in society
entire life in that place
hierachical structure Laborers/Peasants Yeomen Merchants Gentry Nobility Monarch - the queen! a gendered treatment boys education if wealthy family
lower-class boys worked
girls not formally educated
however wealthy girl may be taught to read & write
all girls were taught to sew, cook, clean, keep house and run a household Politics more moderate in goverment than her father & half-siblings had been
realtively tolerant in religion
cautious in foreign affairs
long reign provided welcome stability for the kingdom helped forge a sense of national identity Political Structure Monarch -rules personally
-makes ultimate decisions
- can veto any law Privy Council -advisers of the queen
-assists in political decisions
- primary function: administration Parliament -house of Lords
-house of Commons
-no continual sessions
-primary functions: legislation, taxation Political Issues succession to the throne Elizabeth 1. never married no heir to continue the Tudor line conflict with Spain anglo- spanish war 1585-1604 invasion of the spanish Armanda 1588 Economy England's industrial products and techniques were not as good as in other nations in Europe
good harbours which made it easy trade
very diverse economy
majority rented land from big landowners to farm Inflation landowners with a lot of land made profit
small landowners were losing money
wool had become the chief product
farmers moved to the cities to find a job Living in the cities typical jobs were crafts and tradesmen
market towns 500 to 5000 people
biggest city in England
located in the richer section of England
90 Percent of England's foreign trade was composed through the harbour
centre for business London Religion Conclusion until beginning of 16. hundreas: things did not get better economically for most people
Britian became a powerful and wealthy nation two religions in Elizabethan England were Catholic and Protestant
Protestantism was the monarch's religion therefore dominated churches in England and was the favored religion
Elizabeth was tolerant of all Christians
Queen Elizabeth tried to incorporate ideas from both religions peace
includes ideas from both religions into the
Church of England
Acts of Settlement:
Act of Supremacy
Act of Uniformity
the act of supremacy: all church and government officials have to swear loyalty to Elizabeth as supreme governor of the church the act of Uniformity: church services are the same throughout the country
overall it didn't matter the religion you practiced
the new idea of Protestantism
connection to god
first step into religious modernization What was it like to live in Shakespear's London? loud and bustling city
markets, carts, coach, inns, churches, houses,theaters, bull-baiting and even bear-baiting
no street lamps nor police force promising
not everyone have the same chances The next step: Write a Letter! It's time to become creative.
Write a Letter to a friend as an citzien of London.
The Letter must demonstrate your knowledge of the living situation during the Elizabethan Era. Work cited Page: http://school.eb.co.uk:80/eb/article?tocId=44848
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/guides/Education/Shakespeare.pg_02.html Books: Ulrich Suerbaum- Das elisabethanische Zeitalter
Ian Mortimer- the time traveller's guide to Elizabethan England