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English 9 Introduction to Poetry

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Anna Kinder

on 10 January 2017

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Transcript of English 9 Introduction to Poetry

Introduction to Poetry
To become comfortable with the
sound
of poetry, you must first understand terms such as:
rhyme, alliteration, assonance, consonance,
and
onomatopoeia.
Let's review some poetic form terms that will be on the poetry quest at the end of the unit:
Imagery:

"the picture the poet creates"


The strongest images are ones you have SEEN.




Imagery is more than just sight; it is sensory detail in general: sounds, touches, smells, tastes, sights.


"FOUND
POETRY"
The poetic equivalent of a collage!!
The Infinity Room,
The House on the Rock
Wisconsin, summer 2014
Persona Poems
2. Page poetry: poetry intended to be published in writing by its author and read off a page by its reader

The two main types of page poetry are:

a. free verse (no rhyming or structure requirements)
b. form poetry (follows a set of structural criteria and often a particular rhyme scheme).
So poetry can typically be divided into 2 major categories:

1. The first major type of poetry is STAGE poetry: poetry intended to be performed by its author and heard by its audience. STAGE poetry focuses on rhythm, volume, speed, and tone of voice, and stage presence.

Examples: spoken word poetry, poetry slams, hip-hop/rap
A poetry slam is a competition in which a set of judges scores its poets on a scale of 1-10, with 10 being the highest.
Add this to free write:

What changes when this poem is performed vs. read silently? What remains the same?
How do Hilborn's volume, tone, and speed of voice work together to mirror the themes in his poem?
Do your feelings about the speaker change at all after hearing this poem performed? Does he look and sound like you envisioned from reading the piece on your own? If so, how?
Does the poem move you more when you read it off the page to yourself or when you see/hear it performed? Why/why not? What qualities are lost if you simply read it from a page?
Do you prefer it better read silently or performed? Why/why not?
Free-write:
1. Read the poem "OCD" by Neil Hilborn.

2. Answer the following questions in 5-7 sentences:

Describe the speaker. Why do you feel like he repeats himself so much?
Describe the poem's tone (author's attitude). Which words/phrases help you determine it? Does it move you, emotionally? Why/why not?
What literary devices/figurative language do you see here? (personification, simile, metaphor, hyperbole, alliteration, assonance?)
What are some potential themes from the poem (morals, messages)?
Which images stand out to you most?
As we discussed a few slides back, poetry can be divided into 2 major categories: page and stage. We discussed how stage, or spoken word poetry comes to life when PERFORMED. In contrast, some PAGE poetry comes across completely differently when read off of the page instead of being read aloud.

Examples of this would be:
acrostic poems
concrete poems
poems with unique and unconventional structure, capitalization, punctuation, etc. such as the work of E.E. Cummings
Acrostic poem: a poem whose first letter of each line spells out a word, name, or phrase.




"Alien Feet"

ALIEN -NOT- HUMAN
Alien life form--- ---Far from human toucH
Living among it self--- ---In the heavens like a gurU
Intelligence kept from civilization------Scientist call it a phantoM
Earth remains alone--- ---Like a secret ninjA
NASA's top secret--- ---You are not humaN


Concrete poem: a poem written in such a way that it creates the physical shape of its subject.
Ex:
An E.E. Cummings example: "i carry your heart with me"

i carry your heart with me(i carry it in
my heart)i am never without it(anywhere
i go you go,my dear;and whatever is done
by only me is your doing,my darling)
i fear
no fate(for you are my fate,my sweet)i want
no world(for beautiful you are my world,my true)
and it’s you are whatever a moon has always meant
and whatever a sun will always sing is you

here is the deepest secret nobody knows
(here is the root of the root and the bud of the bud
and the sky of the sky of a tree called life;which grows
higher than soul can hope or mind can hide)
and this is the wonder that's keeping the stars apart

i carry your heart(i carry it in my heart)
What purposes might the weird punctuation serve (namely all of the parentheses all smashed together)?
What about the lack of capitalization?
PRO-TIP for poetry: You can bend and break the rules... BUT ONLY AFTER YOU KNOW THEM FIRST.
How does it change when read aloud?
a type of poetry created by taking words, phrases, and sometimes whole passages from other sources and re-framing them as poetry by making changes in spacing and lines, or by adding or deleting text, thus imparting new meaning.
Ex. 1: Lauren Zuniga, "Small Enough to Fit," a found poem comprised of things her son said.

Ex. 2: "This Circus Will Never Be the Same," from Donald Trump's Twitter
"Mrs. Dahmer," Sierra DeMulder (written from the chilling perspective/persona of serial killer Jeffery Dahmer's mother)
Poems written from a different perspective/viewpoint than the author's own
Persona Poems, pt. 2: "A Tree Story," by: Seth Walker
From what perspective is this piece written? How does it change its effect and impact on its audience?

Next, we will look at some more persona poetry in groups.
RHYME SCHEME:
a poet's deliberate pattern of lines that rhyme with other lines in a poem or a stanza. The rhyme scheme, or pattern, can be identified by giving end words that rhyme with each other the same letter.

There are two major types of rhyme:

1. precise rhyme, or exact rhyme: ex. "boat" and "coat"

2. slant rhyme (what a lot of rappers and Emily Dickinson do, ex. "festival" and "testicle"


But anyway, for example, a LIMERICK's rhyme scheme is AABBA. Practice writing one right now about... the loudest fart in the world (no, I'm not kidding... DO IT).


Watch Lauren Zuniga's Ted Talk, in which she performs two of her poems, thick with imagery.
Make a list of the images that stand out to you most in each piece (at least 5 items for each of the two poems, so you need ten items total).
Next, let's review SOUND devices.
Assonance: the repetition of the same VOWEL sounds (i.e. "purple curtain" and "pink cheeks")

Consonance: the repetition of the same CONSONANT sound two or more times in short succession, as in "pitter patter" or in "all mammals named Sam are clammy."

Alliteration: the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the BEGINNING of adjacent or closely connected words ("Sally sold sea shells at the seashore").

Onomatopoeia: the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g., cuckoo, sizzle, snap, crackle, pop!).

Couplet: a pair of successive
rhyming lines, usually of the same
length.

Refrain: a phrase or line repeated
at intervals within a poem, especially
at the end of a stanza. Ex. "Jump back,
honey, jump back" in Paul Lawrence Dunbar's "A Negro Love Song."

Stanza: a grouping of lines separated from others in a poem.
ARS POETICA
No, not ARSE poetica (arse is an old-fashioned way to say 'butt'). Tina from Bob's Burgers would probably love that kind of poem, though.
ARS POETICA is a poem that explains the "art of poetry," or a
meditation on poetry using the form and techniques of a poem, i.e. Billy Collins' "Introduction to Poetry."

Your first assignment:

Write either an acrostic (minimum of 24 lines), concrete, or a found poem (minimum of 24 lines).

It doesn't have to be "amazing."

I just want you to try on one of these forms for size.

Due: Monday, 1/9
Let's learn a little about Emily Dickinson from Crash Course Literature with John Green:
Bell-work Free Write for Thursday, 1/5:
In 5-7 sentences (total), describe your preconceived notions (feelings, experiences, and ideas) regarding poetry.

Do you like it or love it? Do you dislike it or hate it? Why or why not?
Do you like spoken word poetry but hate poetry written by old, dead guys? Explain.
Do you like to write it yourself? Have you done it in the past?
Is music poetry? Why/why not? Who are some of the most poetic lyricists/rappers?
Ideas for where to get found poetry:

Quotes from your favorite band/song
Movie or TV show quotes
Eavesdropping on conversations
Billboards
Books
Magazines
Newspapers
Social media sites
Famous speeches
Other poems
Graffiti
Group 1: "Ana," by: Sierra Demulder
Group 2, "Kermit," by: Jesse Parent
Group 3, "Half-Hanged Mary," by: Margaret Atwood
Group 4, "34," by: Patricia Smith
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