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Qin and Han Dynasty
Transcript of Qin and Han Dynasty
The religion of the Qin was mainly shen
The chinese offered sacrifices to reach the other world
The lead sacrificer would fast and meditate before a sacrifice to further blur his senses and increase the likelihood of perceiving otherworldly phenomena.
Religious practices were held in local shrines and sacred areas.
Other practices were to ensure that the dead journeyed and stayed in the other realm, and to receive blessings from the spirit realm.
The Qin dynasty lasted from 221 B.C.E to 206 B.C.E. The Qin dynasty gave the root for China, because it is pernounced 'chin'. Ying Zheng, who would reunite China, took the Qin throne at just 9. The Qin conqured every other region of the former Zhou Empire. The dynasty fell after only 15 years.
The Han Dynasty lasted from 206 B.C.E to 220 A.D.
After the Civil War ended in China, China was reunited together under the rule of the Han Dynasty. It was divided into two major periods: the Western or Former Han (206 B.C.E to 9 A.D.) and the Eastern or Later Han (25 to 220 A.D.). It collapsed for internal and external reasons. Such as: the Han court grew weak, and the danger of raids by the people grew.
THE GEOGRAPHY of the Qin and Han dynasty INCLUDED...
The Mountains provided protection for the Chinese empire
Lots of Agriculture sustained the Chinese army
Transportation Roads(Silk) helped the Chinese military 'get around' and helped trade
The Great Wall was built for protection against enemy
The trade routes were running north and south of Taklamakan desert
Trade helped to improve economy
Silk road allowed trading with India & Mediterranean
Wheelbarrows were used to move goods
IT ALSO INCLUDED...
The GREAT WALL...
was built around the Huang He & Chang Jiangand
went as far north as the Gobi desert
went as far south as Xi river.
protected against invading countries
*expanded boundaries of China and further extended the Great Wall along its northern frontier
Qin and Han Dynasty
Economy organized to be an agricultural-based militarized society
All to enhance power and wealth of ruler(Shi Huangdi)
Currency was called banliang
All other currencies were abolished as this was a way of unifying the chinese empire
The Qin dynasty got most of it's economic power from it's control over many lands and natural resources
Abolished the landowning aristocracy(power is held by nobility) and replaced it by a centralized bureaucracy whose members were appointed or dismissed on military merit.
Laws were tough and rigid; kept people in line
Capital: Xianyang (Qin dynasty)
Capital: Chang'an (Han dynasty)
In the political sphere, feudalism was abandoned altogether. The institution of vassals and landowners was abolished. (Qin Dynasty)
Ying Zheng reorganized the markets and trade and made them more efficient by implementing a uniform standard in trade and making the currency more secure. (Qin dynasty)
The emperor, Ying Zheng had a knack for organization and, needless to say, unification of everything. (Qin Dynasty)
The empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government, known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. (Han Dynasty)
After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. (Han Dynasty)
The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty. (Han Dynasty)
Major Religions: Taoism: Chinese people regularly held Taoism ceremonies to worship and for other religious purposes.
Major Religions: Buddhism: This religion was believed to be brought by different travelers who used the Silk Road from the Northern part of India.
Major Religions: Confucianism: This religion became one of the most crucial ideological beliefs in this era. All these religions helped shape this dynasty into what it was.
Rights Of Passage: Han couples in mainland China are supposed to have no more than one child.
-Childbirth is a major event in the family.
-Couples often have a dinner party when their baby is one month old.
-The Qingming Festival is a day to honor dead relatives and visit their tombs. Its usually held on April 4,5,6.
Han chinese had hempen-bound bamboo scrolls to write on, by the 2nd century CE they had invented papermkaing process which created a writing medium that was cheap and easy to produce.
Cai Lun- He is the inventor of the papermaking process, in forms recongnizable in modern time as papaer. Early forms of paper had exsited in China since the 2nd century CE. But he was responsible for the last significant improvement and standardization of papermaking by adding essential new materials into its composition.
Yang Xiong: Was a dynasty scholar, poet, and author known for his philosophical writings and fu poetry compositions.
Born: 53 BC Died: 18 AD
Huan Tan: Was a Chinese philosopher of the Han Dynasty and short-lived of the Xin Dynasty.
Born: 43 BC Died: 28 AD
Wang Chong: Was a Chinese philosopher active during the Han Dynasty.
Born: 27 AD Died: 100 AD
Wang Fu: Was a Chinese political commentator, ideologue, and philosopher during the Eastern Han Dynasty.
Born: 78 AD Died: 163 AD
Zhang Qian was born in Chenggu of Western han dynasty. He was an outstanding envoy and explorer in chinese history, opening up the ancient Silm Road snf bringing reliable information about the Western regions.
He entered the Capital, Chang'an todays Xi'an between 140 BCE and 134 BCE as a gentleman.
Zhang Qians first mission was to seek a military alliance with the Yuezhi. In order to get to the territory of the Yuezhi he was forced to pass through land controlled by the Xiongnu who captured him and Ganfu and enslaved him for ten years.
He was unable to develop commerical ties between China and these far-off lands, his efforts did eventually result in trade mission to the Wu-sun people in 119 BCE which led to trade between China and Persia.
BY: CARL COOPER, JD GREENE, MICHELLE SANCHEZ, CHI THAN, CASSIE GONZALEZ
During the Han dynasty, the economy was defined by population growth, growth of industries as well as trade and nationalization
Economy was still damaged due to policies of Qin dynasty(very strict and all power to leader)
Added a lot of population