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Transcript of Assyrian Empire
Medes & Chaldeans: Southwest Asian people who help to destroy the Assyrian Empire.
Nineveh: The great walled capital of Assyria, located along the Tigris river.
Sennacherib: An Assyrian king who ruled from 704 to 681 B.C. Known for his destruction of Babylon, and his siege on Jerusalem.
Ashurbanipal: He was the last strong king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. He famous for amassing a significant collection of clay tablets from the Fertile Cresent,including Gilgamesh.
Nebuchadnezzar: Neo-Babylonian king who reigned from 605-562 B.C. He constructed the Hanging Garden of Babylon The Assyrian Empire
By: Ani Garofalo, and MaKenna Curry Military strengths : The Assyrians were well armed with weapons. Using iron working technology of the time, soldiers used metal, copper, iron, and stiff leather for armor, spears, helmets, and swords. They used advanced planing to help conquer cities, such as digging beneath walls to weaken them before attacking. Their technical skills included making ladders which they threw up against their enemy's walls, as well as making pontoons and floating structures to cross rivers. The Assyrian were merciless when they captured the city and beheaded, murdered or sold the people of the city. Decline: The Assyrian Empire began to decline after Ashurbanipal's death in 627 B.C. .Many men in the government fought for control of the throne. Civil wars broke out among the Assyrians weakening the military so that the Assyrians could no longer stand up against their attacking enemies. In the city of Nineveh the irrigation ditches were opened and the interior of the city was flooded. The water destroyed the foundation of the palace allowing the enemy to come in and take over. The city of Nineveh along with its massive library were burned. Many clay tablets survived the fire because they were already pre-baked.The fall of the great city of Nineveh ended the Assyrian Empire. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are considered one of the seven wonders of the world. The location of the gardens was never found but were described by a priest in a book called Babylonica in the 4th century. The gardens were about 75 feet high and were constructed on massive stone terraces with lush flowers, waterfalls and animals. There were over 30,000 clay tablets discovered in the great library of Nineveh these tablets give us information about medicine, religion, astrology, literature, and language of ancient Mesopotamia. Assyrians inflated animal skins to help them float across rivers. Achievements: The Assyrians invented many devices that are still used today. They were the first to have keys, locks, pluming and flushing toilets, paved roads, as well as the first libraries, guitars, batteries, and aqueducts. They also expressed the idea of Imperial Administration, which is dividing the land into territories headed by the governor who reports to a central authority, which is like our federal state system today.