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EDGAR ALLAN POE
Transcript of EDGAR ALLAN POE
It is usually considered that this author is the one who opened the stream. Many of his stories and poems notable for its exploration of human psychology, particularly in regard to the impulses of evil and destruction.
self-destruction of the characters
sees nature as something mysterious
They have no appreciation for women
The Gothic novel, popular in England the end of century XVIII and early XIX centuries, is known for its incorporation of elements in common with the dark romanticism.
Is a literary genre that is horror, magic and terrifying
Has romantic ambientacion: dark scenery, dark forests, night sounds, chains, skeletons, demons
Strange and in danger
EDGAR ALLAN POE
(1809 - 1849)
Edgar Poe was born in Boston on January 19, 1809. His parents were David and Elizabeth Poe. Elizabeth Poe died in 1811, when Edgar was 2 years old. Edgar was adopted by Mr. and Mrs. John Allan and Rosalie was taken in by another family.
When Poe was 6, he went to school in England for 5 years. He later returned to school in America and continued his studies. Edgar Allan went to the University of Virginia in 1826. He was 17. He started to drink heavily had to quit school less than a year later.
A Struggling Writer
In 1831, Edgar Allan Poe went to New York City where he had some of his poetry published. He submitted stories to a number of magazines and they were all rejected. Poe was in financial trouble. John Allan died in 1834 and did not mention Edgar in his will.
In 1835, Edgar finally got a job as an editor of a newspaper because of a contest he won with his story, "The Manuscript Found in a Bottle". Edgar missed Mrs. Clemm and Virginia and brought them to Richmond to live with him. In 1836, Edgar married his cousin, Virginia. He was 27 and she was 13.Virginia Clemm was born on August 22, 1822. They were married before her 14th birthday, in May of 1836.
Poe left the paper in early 1836, complaining of the poor salary. In 1837, Edgar went to New York. He wrote "The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym" . He moved to Philadelphia in 1838 where he wrote "Ligeia" and "The Haunted Palace". His first volume of short stories, "Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque" was published in 1839.
Sometime in 1840, Edgar Poe joined George R. Graham as an editor for Graham's Magazine. During the two years that Poe worked for Graham's, he published his first detective story, "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" Poe left Graham's in 1842 because he wanted to start his own magazine.
He tried to start a magazine called The Stylus and failed. In 1843, he published some booklets containing a few of his short stories. He won a hundred dollars for his story, "The Gold Bug" and sold a few other stories to magazines but he barely had enough money to support his family. In 1844, Poe moved back to New York.
In the first third of the XIX century, a period in which Edgar Allan Poe was formed and published his first works, the U.S. still made his debut as a republic. At the head of the new state was Thomas Jefferson elected president in 1801.
But England still had not given up for lost territories of the new country, Thus, hard struggle between 1812 and 1814. Despite this forces the U.S. had not only to repel the invaders, but initiate a wide policy of expansion.
Thus, the children and youth of Poe were immersed in all kinds of events and heroic and legendary. Also a culture coexisted it Calvinism and Puritanism in Europe. The only values that were accepted by the Protestant Reformation: A sober and harsh world that abhorred the pomp and expressiveness of the Catholic Church.
Poe's life set in a critical time of the consolidation of American identity in the first half of the XIX century. At this time it forms the transition to democracy of the young nation and the anti-slavery. In 1861 unleash civil war (north-south) was a time of profound social and political, of hard struggles and tensions that manifest in the literature of the great writers who belonged to the "American Renaissance" with such prominent figures as Hawthorne, Poe, Whitman and Melville
HISTORICAL CONTEXT, POLITICAL, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL
THE LIFE AND WORK
Edgar Allan had no money and went to Boston and joined the U.S. Army in 1827. He was 18. He did reasonably well in the Army and attained the rank of sergeant major.
While waiting to enter West Point, Edgar lived with his grandmother and his aunt, Mrs. Clemm. Also living there was young cousin, Virginia. In 1830, Edgar Allan entered West Point as a cadet.
In 1835, Edgar finally got a job as an editor of a newspaper because of a contest he won with his story, "The Manuscript Found in a Bottle".
Poe in the Army
In 1845, Edgar Poe became an editor at The Broadway Journal. A year later, the Journal ran out of money and Poe was out of a job again. He and his family moved to a small cottage Virginia's health was fading away. Virginia died in 1847, 10 days after Edgar's birthday.
In June of 1849, Poe left New York and went to Philadelphia, where he visited his friend John Sartain. Poe left Philadelphia in July and came to Richmond. He renewed a boyhood romance with Sarah Royster Shelton and planned to marry her in October.
September, Poe left Richmond for Baltimore. On October 3, Poe was found at Gunner's Hall, a public house and was taken to the hospital. Edgar Allan Poe died in the hospital on Sunday, October 7, 1849.