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Elements of Poetry

Description of various poetic elements and examples of them in use

Robert Zumbrun

on 19 October 2011

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Transcript of Elements of Poetry

Elements of Poetry Line the fundamental unit of poetic composition into which a poem is divided. Stanza a unit within poem, a grouping of lines set off by space Couplet 2 lines
Tercet 3 lines
Quatrain 4 lines
Cinquain 5 lines
Sestet 6 lines
Septet 7 lines
Octave 8 lines Syllable a sequence of speech sounds monosyllable words containing 1 syllable
disyllable words containing 2 syllables
trisyllable words containing 3 syllables
polysyllable words containing 4 or more syllables Sylabic Poetry Haiku Tanka Contain 3 lines
Focus on describing a single image

Line 1: 5 Syllables
Line 2: 7 Syllables
Line 3: 5 Syllables The chicken is fried
To a crispy perfection
Juicy, crunchy, good Yummy Brains
Brains are so yummy
I like to munch them from skull
of trip voucher thieves Contain 5 lines
Focus on describing a single image

Line 1: 5 Syllables
Line 2: 7 Syllables
Line 3: 5 Syllables
Line 4: 7 Syllables
Line 5: 7 Syllables Night Pack

The howls from the night
Commemorate a passing
A call to brethren
With that eerie nighttime wail
Dinner is served, fresh and warm Alliteration Alliteration occurs when the initial sounds of a word are repeated in close succession. Caring Cats
Caring cats cascade off
Laughing lamas
Underneath yelling yaks,
Yelling at roaming
Tell Tom the Time
Zombies Zoom Zanily
Acrobats are around annoyed animals
Crocodiles cook cunning cows Poetry flows free
Focusing on word use
and not on space
and covering
a page
Poetry moves down
while prose moves
across Prose writing is written in paragraph form and utilizes the page from margin to margin. Prose writes across the page. Prose uses correct sentence and grammatical punctuation. Types of writing that are found in prose form: expository, narrative, research, etc. Rhyme two words that sound alike internal rhyme functions within a line of poetry
end rhyme occurs at the end of the line and at the end of some other line
slant rhymes also known as near rhymes, words that sound close but are not quite a true rhyme or words that look like they should rhyme Example Internal Rhyme:
The cat is wearing a hat on his head Example End Rhyme:
There was a dog
Lost in the fog
So he sat on a log Example Slant Rhyme:
The rain is falling again

(rain, again) don't rhyme, but the have the same ending so look as if they could rhyme. Rhhyming Poems Sonnets Midnight Feaster of Flesh and Bone - Mr. Zumbrun

Crawling through the darkest night
Talons poised, ready to rend
Easy prey or vicious fight
Matters not, a life it will end.

Seeking, searching, seeing meat
Saliva moist lips at thoughts of meal
A scream and a crack, body fall at feet
Blood flows over tongue, good the warmth feels

Devourer of midnight fears
Stalks through terrified minds
A path of humanity broken, life clears
Next victim awaits the seeker to find

And find he will with deathly grin
Thrashing and slashing, feasting on skin SONNET 130 - William Shakespeare
My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;
Coral is far more red than her lips' red;
If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;
If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.
I have seen roses damask'd, red and white,
But no such roses see I in her cheeks;
And in some perfumes is there more delight
Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.
I love to hear her speak, yet well I know
That music hath a far more pleasing sound;
I grant I never saw a goddess go;
My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground:  
And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare  
As any she belied with false compare. Villanelle Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night - Dylan Thomas

Do not go gentle into that good night,
Old age should burn and rave at close of day;
Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

Though wise men at their end know dark is right,
Because their words had forked no lightning they
Do not go gentle into that good night.

Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright
Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay,
Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

Wild men who caught and sang the sun in flight,
And learn, too late, they grieved it on its way,
Do not go gentle into that good night.

Grave men, near death, who see with blinding sight
Blind eyes could blaze like meteors and be gay,
Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

And you, my father, there on the sad height,
Curse, bless, me now with your fierce tears, I pray.
Do not go gentle into that good night.
Rage, rage against the dying of the light. "Terzanelle in Thunderweather" - Lewis Turco

This is the moment when shadows gather
under the elms, the cornices and eaves.
This is the center of thunderweather.

The birds are quiet among these white leaves
where wind stutters, starts, then moves steadily
under the elms, the cornices, and eaves--

these are our voices speaking guardedly
about the sky, of the sheets of lightning
where wind stutters, starts, then moves steadily

into our lungs, across our lips, tightening
our throats. Our eyes are speaking in the dark
about the sky, of the sheets of lightening

that illuminate moments. In the stark
shades we inhibit, there are no words for
our throats. Our eyes are speaking in the dark

of things we cannot say, cannot ignore.
This is the moment when shadows gather,
shades we inhibit. There are no words, for
this is the center of thunderweather. Simile a direct comparison between two things that are alike.
Typically uses the word like to make comparisons Examples:
The rain is like a melody
You are as bright as the sun
The sun is like a lemon is like a Just for Fun Metaphor immediately identifies one object or idea with another. With metaphor, one object is becoming something else. Examples:
This radio is a lemon, it never works
The pencil is an extention of my soul, an expression of self put to paper
My car is the sun, as I sit a the wheel like the god Apollo speeding forward so as never to encounter darkness Tranquility

Time slides
a gentle ocean
waves upon waves,
washing the shore,
loving the shore. Treasures
Shyly, the child
raised the lid
of the battered box
to reveal
a small feather,
a stone and a piece
of ruby glass. Personification Giving living or human qualities to something that is either not living or not human. My Town
The leaves on the ground danced in the wind
The brook sang merrily as it went on its way.
The fence posts gossiped and watched cars go by
which winked at each other just to say hi.
The traffic lights yelled, ”Stop, slow, go!”
The tires gripped the road as if clinging to life.
Stars in the sky blinked and winked out
While the hail was as sharp as a knife. Onomatopoeia a word that imitates or suggests the source of the sound that it describes. Examples:
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