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Transcript of Carnaval
willing to learn about something new.
the United states
The origins of Mardi Gras can be traced to medieval Europe, passing through Rome and Venice in the 17th and 18th centuries to the French House of the Bourbons. When the French came to the United States they brought
Mardi Gras with them.
The most well-known celebration of Mardi Gras in the United States occurs in New Orleans, Louisiana because that is where many French settled when they came to the United States.
Carnaval in FRANCE and Holland
In Holland, tradition has it that in the weeks before Lent everyday law gives way to the whims of a "humorous" Carnaval Committee, whose sole aim is to stop anyone from being serious during Carnaval time. Local dignitaries are caricatured in papier-mache figures and songs are sung poking fun, for example, at the local mayor.
Bolivia and colombia
Carnaval in Bolivia and Colombia is unique because it has a special folkloric flare. In Oruro, Bolivia in particular there is a parade that can last up to 20 hours that tells the story of Bolivia from the conquistadors to present day. A highlight of the parade is
ance of the Devil
which ends in the city's soccer stadium in an interpretive dance depicting the battle between good and evil. Once the devil has been defeated Carnaval is over and all returns to normal.
What is Carnaval?
CARNAVAL ALL OVER THE WORLD
: A branch of Christianity - Most people in Spanish-speaking countries identify as Catholic
: A branch of Christianity that incorporates everything that isn't Catholic
: The six weeks before Easter. This time is usually one of sacrifice and solemness as Catholics prepare to remember the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross. During this time Catholics generally give something up that is difficult for them and they do not eat meat on Fridays.
THE THREE P's of CULTURE
During this presentation you and your group will work to identify the 3 P's of Culture:
. You will organize what you find into a thinking map like the one Senorita Tolle modeled for you.
Practices are the
of culture. They are what a culture does.
For example on The Fourth of July we might light fireworks or on Halloween we might watch a scary movie.
Products are the
They are what a culture has.
For example a symbol of Valentine's Day might be a heart or a tree might be used to symbolize arbor day.
Perspectives are the
They are the unseen explanation and reasons behind the practices and products.
For example we celebrate Veteran's Day because as a culture we respect and honor those who fought for our freedom.
Carnival is both a cultural and religious celebration that takes place in many Spanish-speaking countries
When is Carnaval?
Carnaval takes places for several weeks before the Catholic observance of Lent. It acts as a time of indulgence where people can get all of the craziness and extravagance out of their system before they have to be more restrained and somber during Lent.
WHere is it celebrated?
Because of its association with Lent and Easter, Carnaval is most commonly celebrated in areas with strong Catholic populations. Most Hispanic people identify as Catholic which is why Carnaval is celebrated in many Spanish-speaking countries.
DID you know?
In the United States Carnaval is better known as Mardi Gras which is French for
. Even though the name is different, the two celebrations are the same.
Peru and Ecuador
Carnival in Nice, France is one of the world's oldest. It begins with the arrival of the Carnaval King in his Corso Carnavalesque (Carnaval Procession). Around 20 floats take the theme of the year with giant puppets and 1,000 musicians, street artists and dancers from all around the world and parades around the city. The King takes the keys of the city and declares his brief reign of extravagance and excess. At the end of the Celebration a replica of King Carnaval (often made of straw) is burned in a bonfire. He acts as the "scapegoat" who must atone for the "sins" that the people have committed during Carnaval. This symbolizes the end of the carnaval and the return to regular life.
Another important part of Carnaval in France is the world-famous Bataille de Fleurs (Battle of Flowers) that in addition to being an important part of Carnaval also lets the people know Spring is on its way. The streets are filled with stalls selling gifts and food while a gigantic parade with floats and costumes made of flowers travels down the streets. Thousands of flowers are thrown from the floats onto the people watching.
Carnaval in spain and italy
Carnaval is celebrated widely throughout Spain, but it wasn't always. When dictator Francisco Franco was the leader of Spain from 1938 until his death in 1975 he did not permit the people to celebrate the holiday. Why do you think that is?
Italy has many of the oldest celebrations of Carnaval (or Carnevale in Italian) in the world. In addition to the parades, Italy and especially Venice is known for elaborate masks, costumes and masquerade balls. It is said that the masks and costumes make people feel more free; they can be anyone they want to be.
Did you know?
There is a type of literature known as "carnivalesque". In these books and plays reality is turned upside down, roles are reversed and everything becomes chaotic before ultimately being resolved at the end. Often characters wear disguises or act out of character.
Shakespeare in particular used this in many of his plays such as
A Midsummer Night's Dream
Did you know?
Carnaval in Colombia and Bolivia has roots in the Catholicism that came over from Europe, but it also has a very strong indigenous vibe.
for example actually comes from sacrifices traditionally made around the same type of year to Incan gods.
Did you know?
UNESCO (A branch of The United Nations) declared the Carnaval celebrations in Barranquilla, Colombia and Ororu, Bolivia to be Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, a very prestigious award.
Did you know?
The Carnaval celebrations in Oruro has over 28,000 dancers and over 10,000 musicans that play in their parade. The route for the parade is over 4 miles long. Most of the dancers and musicians perform traditional folk songs.
Carnaval is known for being a "tops-turvy" time where regular rules don't seem to apply. In Peru and Ecuador, people use this as a time to indulge their inner trickster. If you're traveling through one of these countries during Carnaval don't be surprised if somebody pulls a prank on you (like they do on April Fool's Day in the United States). You might also be the victim of a bomba or water balloon attack. In fact it isn't uncommon for people to throw water off their balconies or squirt each other with squirt guns as well. They also throw colored flour or spray colored foam.
The celebrations of Carnaval in Brazil are the largest and most famous in the world, especially in Rio de Janeiro. Each year different
escolas de samba
which are social clubs full of volunteers spend almost a full-year making costumes and floats by hand, practicing their instruments and choreographing their samba dance routines to be judged in the Sambadrome (a stadium several miles long built only for Carnaval). Every year over 2 million people participate and observe.
Did You Know?
The Carnaval of Rio de Janeiro is the most important holiday in Brazil. The vast majority of the people that participate are from the
or poor slum-like neighborhoods outside of the city center. Carnaval for the poor means a chance to escape their poverty and a chance to feel special and important. The King and Queen of Carnaval are always from these poor neighborhoods. Combined the poor of Brazil spend billions of dollars and spend countless hours volunteering to make the celebration and parades happen. For them, preparing for Carnaval isn't a burden, it's an exceptional honor that they are happy to do.
Did You Know?
Samba music and dance is very specific to Brazil and is the primary music and dance performed during Carnaval. It is a combination of typical Latin instruments with a very strong African influence and lots of drums. Most Spanish-speaking countries do not have this same influence because most of the
slave trade went through Rio de Janeiro.