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Transcript of TEAMWORK
"Predictor" of team effectiveness
What is team effectiveness?
Sourced from: Cohen &Bailey 1997, p.243; Guzzo & Dickson 1996, p. 334; Adams et al. 2008, p. 251.
Can these elements be predicted?
Sourced from: T. Burns and G.M. Stalker 1961, pp. 44-45
framework of rules, policies, instructions
precisely defined roles and responsibilities
high administrational effort
hierarchic structure of communication
knowledge and expertise
controlled roles and responsibilties
creativity and innovation
small administrational effort
mechanistic vs organic
Team with performers will perform, no matter in what environmental circumstance
Eckes 2003 & Fisher et al. 1995
cited in Ross et al. 2008, p. 257)
"...if members are unable to work collaboratively in a supportive environment, the full value of the diversity is not utilized."
(Daspit et al. 2013, p. 35)
Psychological and emotional predispositions influence each team member's attitude.
(Ross et al. 2008, p. 260)
difficult to measure
Sourced from: Gladstein 1984; Hackman 1987; Ancona & Caldwell 1992; Campion et al. 1993; 1996; Wageman 1995; Guzzo & Dickson 1996; Janz et al. 1997; Adams et al. 2002 cited in Ross et al. 2008, p. 256.
Definition and review clearly defined goals
Adams et al. 2002 cited in Ross et al. 2008.
Source: Adapted from Luft & Harrington 1955.
Source: Own depiction.
set of individual characteristics
Source: Clegg at al. 2008, p. 18.
Models to analyse individual working styles, e.g. Belbin Team Roles
working style measurable
(Source: Ross et al. 2008, p. 259)
intangible personal values
Known and unknown actions/reactions
Low to medium
Source: Guzzo & Dickson 1996; English et al. 2004 cited in Ross et al. 2008, p. 251.
Effectiveness decreases remarkably with poor behaving team members.
"... foundation of the individual’s P, B, and A."
Source: Ross et al. 2008, p. 251
Sourced from: Gallagher 2013.
Ecke (2003) study
Corporate cultural obligations
"...When we work in teams a great deak if cognitive processing and sensemaking is going on."
Source: Clegg at al. 2008, p. 109.
Source: Eckes (2003) cited in Ross et al. 2008, p. 259).