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"The Destructive Male"
Transcript of "The Destructive Male"
-Personification: Describing mercy as “veiling her face” and “all hearts” as being “dead alike to love and hope.” This shows the unrighteous nature of not allowing a sixteenth amendment for women voting.
-Similes: She creates a beautiful image of nature, “like a loving mother.” This creates a peaceful tone.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Born in 1815 in Johnstown, New York
Father, Daniel Cady, was an attorney and later judge, which led to an early exposure to legal activism
Led the women's rights movement at Seneca Falls in 1848
In 1854 she made a speech to the New York legislature that earned married women the rights to their wages and to equal guardianship of their children
Made this speech in 1868 at a Women's Suffrage Convention a few years after the U.S. Civil War
Stanton lists logical reasons:
History filled with “blood and cruelty” due to the “male element"
Men have “undertaken the absolute control of all sublunary matters” which is why there is “disorganization"
Condescending diction to appeal to her audience that men are savage: words such as, stern, selfish, aggrandizing, loving war, violence, conquest, acquisition, and death
Statement such as, “must accept things, mourn over miseries of others, the poverty of the poor, hardships, horrors of war, brutality in every way,” to explain to the audience what women are forced to do in society. These statements build emotion and cause the audience to feel sentimental towards women and want to help.
Stanton uses words that have an accusing tone as well, so that the audience will take action.
Immediate audience at the convention which consisted of both men and women, radical and conservative
U.S. government was a later audience who considered this speech to include very reformist ideas
To encourage women's rights
Urge a sixteenth amendment, hence first words, "I urge a sixteenth amendment..."
This was following the war which created an amendment for African-American male voting but not women
Raised awareness for women's rights
More supporters for a sixteenth amendment concerning women suffrage
DuBois, Ellen Carol, and Richard Cándida Smith. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Feminist as Thinker: A Reader in Documents and Essays. New York: New York UP, 2007. Print.
Griffith, Elisabeth. New York: Oxford UP, 1984. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.
Daly, Kathleen, and Meda Chesney-Lind. "Feminism and criminology." Justice Quarterly 5.4 (1988):