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Poetry Devices and Forms

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Kendra Casper

on 10 June 2015

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Transcript of Poetry Devices and Forms

Poetry Devices and Forms
Created By Kendra Casper
Assonance
Hyperbole
Couplet
Alliteration
Alliteration is the commencement of two or more stressed syllables of a word group either with the same consonant sound or sound group as in from stem to stern, or with a vowel sound that may differ from syllable to syllable as in each to all.
Poetry Devices and Forms
"alliteration." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 07 Mar. 2015.
<Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/alliteration>.

Book Definition
MY Definition
Alliteration is when many words that begin with the same consonant, or letter, are used many times throughout a sentence, which is often called a tongue twister. For example:
-The big bad bear attacked all the little bunnies in the forest.
-Please put your pen away and play the piano.
Examples found at:
"Alliteration Examples for Kids." YourDictionary, n.d. Web. 7 March 2015.
<http://examples.yourdictionary.com/alliteration-examples-for-kids.html>.
Book Definition
Assonance is a rhyme in which the same vowel sounds are used with different consonants in the stressed syllables of the rhyming words,
"assonance." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 07 Mar. 2015.
<Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/assonance>.
MY Definition
Assonance is when the author repeats the same sound throughout a sentence or series of sentences. For example:

- My cat whacked my arm with his tail.
Book definition
A couplet is a pair of successive lines of verse, especially a pair that rhyme and are of the same length.
"couplet." Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition.
HarperCollins Publishers. 07 Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/couplet>.
MY Definition
Couplets typically have the same length, and are a pair of lines that complete a thought. For example:
- Lightening, thunder, all around
Soon the rain falls on the ground

-I tire of writing poems and rhyme
I think I need vacation time
Example found at:
"Examples of Rhyming Couplets." YourDictionary, n.d.
Web. 7 March 2015. <http:/examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-rhyming-couplets.html>.
Book Definition
A hyperbole is an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally.
"hyperbole." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 07 Mar. 2015.
<Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/hyperbole>.
My definition
A hyperbole is an exaggerated statement that is not meant to be taken seriously. For example:

-Go die in a hole.

-Wait forever.

-Jump off of a bridge.
literary device
Literary device
LiterARY DEVICE
Book Definition
Imagery is the formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things. It can also be described as a figurative description or illustration.
"imagery." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 07 Mar. 2015.
<Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/imagery>.
MY Definition
Imagery can be defined as when an author uses vivid and descriptive visions in order to set the mood for their work. For example:

-The word spread like leaves in a storm.
-The lake was left shivering by the touch of morning wind.


Examples found at:
"Examples of Imagery." YourDictionary, n.d. Web. 7 March 2015.
<http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-imagery.html>.
Book Definition
A metaphor is a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance without using 'like' or 'as'.
"metaphor." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 07 Mar. 2015.
<Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/metaphor>
MY Definition
A metaphor is used to compare to things that would not normally be compared in order to suggest resemblance between them. Metaphors do not consist of the words 'like' and 'as' (this would be considered a simile). For example:
-The snow is a white blanket.
-School is a prison.

Examples found at:

"Metaphor Examples for Kids." YourDictionary, n.d. Web. 7 March 2015.
<http://examples.yourdictionary.com/metaphor-examples-for-kids.html>.
Meter
Literary device
Book Definition
Iambic Pentameter
Literary Device
Book Definition
MY Definition
A literary meter is the arrangement of words in regularly measured, patterned, or rhythmic lines and verses.
"meter." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 07 Mar. 2015.
<Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/meter>.
A meter is the poem's underlying structure. In other words, it is the rhythm of each line and how it matches up with the others.
Onomatopoeia
Literary device
Book Definition
Onomatopoeia is the use of imitative and naturally suggestive words for rhetorical, dramatic, or poetic effect.
"onomatopoeia." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 07 Mar. 2015.
<Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/onomatopoeia>.
My Definition
Onomatopoeia is words that mimic the sound of the object or action that it is referring to. For example:

-Woof (Dog)
-BANG!
-BOOM!
-CRASH!
-Etc.
Personification
Literary device
Book Definition
Personification is the attribution of human nature or character to animals, inanimate objects, or abstract notions, especially as a rhetorical figure.
"personification." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 07 Mar. 2015.
<Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/personification>.
My Definition
Personification is when human qualities are given to an object or animal in order to describe what they are doing or acting like.
For example:
-The branches on the tree waved in the wind.
-My horse greeted me happily.
-Her pencil rolled away.
Rhyme
Internal Rhyme
Literary Devices
Book Definitions
My Definition
Rhyme Scheme
Literary Device
Book Definition
Rhyme Schemes are the pattern of rhymes used in a poem, usually marked by letters to symbolize correspondences.
"rhyme scheme." © Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.. Encyclopedia Britannica,
Inc.. 07 Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/rhyme scheme>.
My definition
A rhyme scheme is an author's deliberate use of certain words in a poem or stanza that rhyme with other words in separate lines.
For example:

Up above the world so
high,

Like a diamond in the
sky.
-Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star
Simile
Literary device
A simile is a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared using 'like' or 'as'.
"simile." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 07
Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/simile>.
My Definitions
An author is using what is called a simile when he compares two different things to signify resemblance using 'like' or 'as'.
For example:
-That plane is like a bird.
-She is as dainty as a daisy.
Symbol
Literary Device
Book Definition
A symbol is an object, person, or idea used in a literary work, film, etc, to stand for or suggest something else with which it is associated either explicitly or in some more subtle way.
"symbol." Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th
Edition. HarperCollins Publishers. 08 Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/symbol>.
My definition
A symbol is a hint used by an author to foreshadow or suggest something other than the literal meaning. For example:
Thunder clashed and rain fell from the sky
. This may suggest conflict, and not just bad weather.
An iambic pentameter is a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable.
A common measure in poetry that has unrhyming lines is called an Iambic Pentameter.
"iambic pentameter." Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon.
Dictionary.com, LLC. 08 Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/iambic pentameter>.
A rhyme is a word that agrees with another in terminal sound. An end rhyme is the rhyming of words at the ends of lines of poetry, while an internal rhyme is a rhyme that occurs between words within a verse line.
"internal rhyme." Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition. HarperCollins Publishers. 08
Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/internal rhyme>.
"rhyme." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 08 Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://
dictionary.reference.com/browse/rhyme>.
"end rhyme." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 08 Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://
dictionary.reference.com/browse/end rhyme>.
Words that rhyme consist of similar sounds, like
cat
and
bat.
An end rhyme occurs at the end of lines, say in poetry, while an internal rhyme is made up throoughout a series of lines.
Ballad
Poetic Form
Book Definition
A ballad is a narrative poem in short stanzas of popular origin, originally sung to a repeated tune.
"ballad." Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th
Edition. HarperCollins Publishers. 08 Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/ballad>.
My Definition
A ballad is a short song or poem that is sung to a repeated tune.
From The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)
It is an ancient Mariner,

And he stoppeth one of three.
"By thy long gray beard and glittering eye,
Now wherefore stopp'st thou me?
The Bridegroom’s doors are opened wide,

And I am next of kin;
The guests are met, the feast is set:
May'st hear the merry din."
He holds him with his skinny hand,

"There was a ship," quoth he.
"Hold off! Unhand me, gray-beard loon!"
Eftsoons his hand dropt he.
He holds him with his glittering eye–

The Wedding-Guest stood still,
And listens like a three years’ child:
The Mariner hath his will.
The Wedding-Guest sat on a stone:

He cannot choose but hear;
And thus spake on that ancient man,
The bright-eyed Mariner.
The ship was cheered, the harbor cleared,

Merrily did we drop
Below the kirk, below the hill,
Below the lighthouse top.
Blank Verse
Poetic Forms
Book Definition
A blank verse is an unrhymed verse, especially the unrhymed iambic pentameter most frequently used in English dramatic, epic, and reflective verse.
"blank verse." Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th
Edition. HarperCollins Publishers. 10 Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/blank verse>.
My definition
A blank verse is a verse that does not rhyme that is written in iambic pentameter. Shakespeare uses blank verses many times throughout his plays.
Dramatic Poetry
Poetic forms
Book Definition
My definition
Dramatic poetry is a form of writing that expresses emotional feeling. Comedies and tragedies are good examples of dramatic poetry.
Dramatic poetry is any dramatic work written in lines of verse.
Wimmer, Joshua. "Dramatic Poetry: Definition and
Examples." study.com. N./A. Web. N./A.

Free Verse
Poetic Forms
Book Definition
A free verse is a verse that does not follow a fixed metrical pattern.
"free verse." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random
House, Inc. 10 Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/free verse>.
My definition
A free verse does not follow a fixed metrical pattern that can consist of a rhymed or unrhymed lines.
Example of Free Verse

Song of Myself
by
Walt Whitman

I celebrate myself, and sing myself,
And what I assume you shall assume,
For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.
I loaf and invite my soul,
I lean and loaf at my ease observing a spear of summer grass.

Lyric Poetry
Poetic Forms
Book Definition
"lyric poetry." Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon.
Dictionary.com, LLC. 10 Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/lyric poetry>.
Lyric poetry is a type of emotional songlike poetry, distinguished from dramatic and narrative poetry

My definition
Lyric poetry is a form of poetry that displays emotional feeling and is songlike.
Narrative Poetry
Poetic Forms
Book Definition
Narrative poetry is a form of poetry that tells a story, often making use of the voices of a narrator and characters as well. The entire story is usually written in metred verse and do not have to follow rhythmic patterns.
Wikipedia contributors. "Narrative poetry."
Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 18 Feb. 2015. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.
My Definition
Narrative poetry tells a story in poetic form and does not require rhythmic patterns to be classified as a narrative poem.
Quatrain
Poetic Forms
Book Definition
A quatrain is a stanza or poem of four lines, usually with alternate rhymes.
"quatrain." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random
House, Inc. 10 Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/quatrain>.
My Definition
A quatrain is used by authors when they write poems and other written works. It is a stanza with four lines that usually have alternate rhymes.
Stanza
Poetic Forms
Book Definition
A stanza is an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem.
"stanza." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House
, Inc. 10 Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/stanza>.
My definition
A stanza is a meter of varying lengths that authors use to imply a change in scene or mood in a poem.
Sonnet
Poetic Forms
Book definition
A sonnet is a verse form of Italian origin consisting of 14 lines in iambic pentameter with rhymes arranged according to a fixed scheme, usually divided either into octave and sestet or, in the English form, into three quatrains and a couplet.
"sonnet." Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th
Edition. HarperCollins Publishers. 10 Mar. 2015. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/sonnet>.
My definition
A sonnet originated in Italy and is a proper expressive of a single and complete thought. It consists of 14 lines in iambic pentameter with a fixed scheme.
Imagery
Literary Device
Literary Device
Metaphor
Literary Device
My definition
End Rhyme
Book Definition
Full transcript