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Transcript of Technology Timeline
Tim Berners-Lee HTML stand for Hyper Text Markup Language. It allows you to create documents for the World Wide Web (websites), and is used to define the layout of a web page, such as how a page looks and any special functions. HTML does this by using tags. For example <p> mean paragraph break. When viewing the web page, you don't see the HTML code. However, you do see the end result. There are some positive and negative impacts of HTML, however. For example, HTML allows you to create web pages much more easily, but people would have to learn how to code in it, as it is a new type of code. http://www.creationguide.com/oldschool/ewd_oldschool_files/image015.jpg Fault-Tolerance System
AT&T Team Fault Tolerance Software finds Faults that threaten to shut down a switching system. It send a message to any individual phone, and can use corrective actions to keep the system running. This software cannot completely cure the faults, but can make sure the system keeps running. There are still a few positive and negative effects of this software. A positive effect is that it can save your system if it has a bad fault. One of the negative effects is that it doesn't completely cure the faults, and they could still come back at any time. http://nowlab.cse.ohio-state.edu/projects/ftb-ib/FTB-IB_files/ftb.jpg The Computer Videophone
AT&T Bell Labs From the 1950's to the 1970's, people didn't want to be seen while on the phone. They did like the idea of being on their computer screens at work, however. The Model70, the grandchild of picture phones, not only made simultaneous video communications possible, it also allowed the caller to open, view, and edit files. It also allowed the callers to write comments with the mouse or keyboard commands. A positive effect of this is that you can see each other while you call people, so you aren't just listening to them.One of the negative effects would be that you would have to buy a camera and a microphone for your computer. Some of the negative and positive effects of the videophone are 12 August 1981 MS-DOS IBM-PC Invented by Microsoft. http://gajitz.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/retrofuturistic-video-phone.jpg MS-DOS was developed for and
was released in conjunction with the
IBM-PC. It was an operating system.
Operating systems can do many,
wonderful things on computers. For
example, they can give users the
ability to use applications. They can
also control where information is stored and plan out tasks that need to be performed. This specific system was developed from QDOS (Quick and Dirty Operating System), which was believed to owe its origins to CP/M (Control Program for Microcomputers). Java Computer Language
James Gosling MS-DOS made computers easier
to work with, which made them
far more common. It also influenced
how and what kind of applications
were developed for computers. Despite
its revolution, however, many were put
off by MS-DOS's outrageous price. Invented by William C. Lowe and twelve unnamed engineers at IBM. Developed under the code name "Acorn," the IBM-PC was the very first "personal" computer. It was different from predecessors in the way that it was built using a method known as open architecture. It also differed in the way that it was sold at stores such as Computerland. It included 4.77 MHz microprocessor, 16 kilobytes of memory, and one to two floppy disks each with over one hundred additional kilobytes of memory. Color monitors were made available, but for an additional fee. At the time, this computer cost about $1,600. The IBM-PC popularized the term
"personal computer." With its
computing revolution in a box, IBM
set the precedent for other computer
manufacturers to shot for. However,
purchasing one would most likely
put you into a financial hole. http://hackingpro.blog.com/files/2011/08/MS-DOS.jpg Microsoft did obtain the rights to MS-DOS and did begin to market it separate from the IBM-PC. This would be the first step towards bigger and better things for Microsoft. http://www.extremetech.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/ibm-pc.jpg Check
out!!! Huge right? Much bigger than today's PCs. Back in the day, the IBM-PC was so revolutionary, it was actually named Man of the Year in 1981! January of 1983 The Apple Lisa The Apple Lisa was a personal computer developed by Steve Jobs and several other engineers for Apple. Unlike the IBM-PC, the Lisa came equipped with a Graphic User Interface, more often referred to as GUI. GUI's made computers even more user-friendly and added many features that today seem commonplace. These include, drop-down menus, folders, a mouse icon, and much, much more! Though the Lisa showed much potential, its sales were less than stellar and its successor, the Lisa 2 was scrapped after Apple removed Steve Jobs from the project. But this is not the last the computing world would hear from one of the brains behind Apple. Like the IBM-PC before it, the Apple Lisa reinvented what a Personal Computer was meant to do. It's outlandish price, however, is probably what led to its disappointing sales. Java is a programming language and environment invented by James Gosling and others in 1994. Java was originally named Oak and was developed as a part of the Green project at the Sun Company. The writing of Java began in December of 1990. Patrick Naughton, Mike Sheridan, and James Gosling and were trying to figure out the "next wave" in computing. We can code more easily with this new software. A negative effect is that some people might not know how to code in java, and that it may be hard to learn. "Zenith Electronics is planning a television set that will incorporate a microprocessor and modem, as well as technology developed by Diba Inc. that allows viewers to surf the Web via a remote control device." - Wall Street Journal, May 10 1996 Edition. WebTV was invented in 1996 by Diba Inc. and Zenith Electronics, who produced and marketed the first WebTV sets. http://www.old-computers.com/museum/photos/Apple_Lisa1_CompleteSyst_s1.jpg Isn't she just lovely? C++ Programming Invented by Bjarne Stroustrup Working as an AT&T researcher at the time, Stroustrup initially developed C++ to streamline the work of him and his colleagues. It was a marriage of object-oriented programming and the easy-to-use C language of the time. C++, however, soon evolved into one of the most popular programming languages ever. As the word "programming language," describes, C++ is used to design and program software for a variety of machines. C++ is used in computer programs, digital cameras, video games, and even elevators! C++ revolutionized the world of programming languages. It has a variety of applications and is still used today. Just like any other language, though, C++ is extensive and complex to learn. http://www.intel.com/technology/itj/2007/v11i3/2-exoskeleton/figures/figure_5.gif It may be simple, but C++ sure looks nice and confusing to me. 1984 The CD-ROM The CD-ROM was invented by James T. Russell. It was first designed to hold audio recordings. That changed, however, with the computer boom in the 1980's. There was suddenly a need for a universal medium to hold and transport data. When put into a computer, the CD-ROM is read by a laser, which accesses little packets of data stored within the disk. The CD-ROM was a universal medium for the storing and sharing of binary data. The problem, however, lies in its name: "Read only." Though developers tried to create a storage unit that worked both ways, they were ultimately incompatible with the CD readers of the time. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_ex-xnA2lDRE/TMBqUHX-h2I/AAAAAAAAABE/aJR5X3Ol1ws/s1600/cdrom.jpg Look at the pretty colors! The Apple Macintosh January 1984 Invented by Jeff Raskin, Steve Jobs, Brian Howard, Marc LeBrun, Burrell Smith, Joanna Hoffsman, Bud Tribble, and other unnamed engineers After being booted from the Lisa 2 project, Steve Jobs moved on to bigger and better things. Namely, he joined Raskin's project to build the Macintosh computer. The Macintosh would become the successor to The Lisa, and succeed where Apple's previous PC failed. Apple's newest computer had a GUI, just like the Lisa. The Macintosh also experienced a continual flow of software from developer companies, which added to its successful sales. The Macintosh was similar to the Lisa 2 but different in one very important way: price. A Macintosh cost almost a quarter of what a Lisa cost. However, the Macintosh was missing some of Lisa's more attractive features, such as multitasking. http://images.businessweek.com/ss/06/05/phaidon/image/9_843-apple-macintosh.jpg Polite, isn't it? Windows 1.0 20 November 1985 Invented by Microsoft Windows 1.0 was an operating system. Like its predecessor, MS-DOS, Windows provided users with an easy-to-use interface to use applications on a computer. Windows 1.0, however, was not met with as much of a positive response from big companies, like IBM. After seeing how successful the Macintosh was, though, Bill Gates decided Windows 1.0 needed something more; Windows 1.0 needed to have a GUI. After its release, Windows was praised as a successful union of an operating system and GUI, blending together the features that made each successful on their own. As a result of its support from developers, Windows 1.0 received software updates and programs, which made it more successful. Microsoft knows how to build the suspense, though, as it released Windows two years after it was announced to, probably due to the inclusion of a GUI. Windows' extreme similarity to Apple's products did not go unnoticed, though, and resulted in a heated legal battle. http://toastytech.com/guis/win101logo.gif WebTV
Zenith Electronics Diba Inc. With this technology, you can use the internet from a TV or other remote-controlled devices. A negative is that not everyone has a TV, so they would have to buy one. a2b Music technology was the upshot of AT&T's effort to create a secure means of delivering digital music over the Internet. Employing compression and encryption technology developed at AT&T Labs, a2b music provided secure delivery while also offering a means of protecting copyrights. The two main technologies on which a2b music was built are the AT&T Proprietary Compression Algorithm and a trust management system called PolicyMaker. A2B Music
AT&T With this technology we can get music legally. A negative is that not everyone has the money for it. Applying the principles of Quantum Physics to computing can do for computing what the assembly line did for manufacturing. Traditional computing is based on bits which present just one of two possibilities such as 0 or 1, or yes or no. Quantum Physics has demonstrated that a subatomic particle can have different states simultaneously. The goal of Quantum Computing is to incorporate this notion of an array of possibilities into computing. Quantum Computing
AT&T With this software, we can do quantum computing on a computer. A negative is that it may make a mistake. http://www.redorbit.com/media/uploads/2004/10/0_746ac3fe2bf33c3a0a07b05a23c46e47.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/38/Webtv.jpg/250px-Webtv.jpg http://www.corp.att.com/attlabs/images/a2b.gif http://www.zmescience.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/quantum-computer.jpg The Dot-Com Bubble bursts
Year Invented: 2000
Description: future of online commerce. Internet companies known as Dot-coms where launched. Investors thought that an online company would be worth millions of dollars. The companies where not successful, but the ones that were where overvalued. Many of the companies crashed, the crash helped with the stock market crash and nine-eleven. Investors owed five-trillion dollars.
Society Effects: this was a horrible time for society. Many people lost their jobs, Together the companies where five-trillion dollars in debt. After this the stock market crashed because of this, and also this event helped with causing nine- eleven Invention: Google
Inventors: Larry Page and Sergey Brin
Year Invented: 2000
Description: Google is a search engine used around the world. It can be used on phones and hand held computer users. When a wireless user requests an html page, Google's technology translates the html document into WML. This is done by long html pages broken down; interconnected WML pages fit the limit of microbrowsers. The two inventors met at Stanford University in 1995; in 1996 they built a search engine called BackRub. It used linked to the importance of individual webpages.
Society Effects: Google is one the best search engines for society almost everyone has used Google. It is probable the most known thing on the internet. Google is easy to use and when someone forgets a site they can go to Google and type in key worlds to find the site; if you used a site in Google before it will be purple instead of blue. Google is bad though because they put tracking devices on the site Google can see where everyone has gone. Google is making sites that are like the major sites around it making it hard for other sites to compete. Invention: Wikipedia
Inventor: Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger
Year Invented: 2001
Description: Wikipedia is an encyclopedia that anyone in the world can use and edit. The website enjoyed rapid growth and popularity. As it’s public profile grew Larry Sanger became the promoter and spokesman. He is cited as a co-founder. In 2004, Jimmy wales also co-founded Wikia. With them creating Wikipedia it has become the world’s largest encyclopedia.
Society Effects: this has created an encyclopedia online that people can use to help them with knowledge on anything in the world. Some on the down sides are that you have to have internet to connect to this. Also anybody in the world can edit this site; they could change a page about elephants and say they’re the color of a tiger, which makes this source unreliable. Invention: Facebook
Inventor: Mark Zuckerburg
Year Invented: 2004
Description: Facebook is a social media. People on the site can talk with friend or with people around the world. You can create pages that people can follow if they like it. Facebook also has games that you can play by yourself or with friend you can see your friend’s high scores and try to beat them. Facebook can be used to post what you are doing, people can also comment on your posts if they like them or dislike them.
Society Effects: Facebook is good for keeping up with friends and talking with people across the world. Face book can keep you up to date on about anything with the media and your friends. Some down sides of Facebook are that once you post something on the site it is there forever and you can’t delete it. Also Facebook can be very addicting for people and that’s all they do. Invention: YouTube
Inventors: Steve Chen, Chad Hurley and Jawed Karim
Year invented: 2005
Description: YouTube is a site where you can make videos and the upload them for people to see. They could be “how to” or just videos to make people laugh. If somebody watches the video it will get a view, you can watch videos over and over if you want. You can make your own channel and try to get subscribers, which are when you get paided money from YouTube because people watch your video. You can like and dislike others videos and put comments below the video.
Society Effects: YouTube is very good for society because people can watch videos on how to make almost anything. If people are sad or upset they could find something funny to watch. If people are good at making videos then they will make money which encourages them to make more videos. Some down sides are you can write comments in below and some of them are very discouraging, also when you are watching a video with full connection and the video keeps buffering. Invention: Yahoo answers
Inventor: David Filo and Jerry Yang
Year invented: 2005
Description: This is a web page where you can ask questions into the search box and the best answers chosen will show up. You might have to put in key words to make the answers show up. You can share your knowledge with other people and help them get the answer. The answers are chosen by the rest of the people on the site, which ever answer most people agree with.
Society Effects: Yahoo answers is a good improvement for technology but not one of the best. It’s good because you can find answers to simple questions. Some down sides are that people could skew the answer because it depends on votes to calculate the answer. That makes the site unreliable. Every time you find an answer that you trust there will be a different citing source and that would be very tyring. Invention: Twitter
Inventors: Jack Dorsey
Year invented: 2006
Description: Twitter is a web page where you instantly connect to the world around you and share your daily life with others that you follow. When you follow someone on twitter you can see their posts and they can see yours. You can also block people on twitter, which is when they can’t do anything with you or to you. No messages, no favorites, and no likes or comments they see nothing of you. When you post something it is called a tweet. Twitter can show whatever is most important to you, following your friends or experts on something; see breaking news, and favorite celebrities.
Society Effects: twitter has mad the world so small, twitter is like texting everyone at once and seeing everyone texts. You can connect with anyone in the world. You can see what everyone is doing by seeing there tweets. Twitter can be annoying because your phone or computer can be going off all the time.