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Transcript of Puns
Puns,Deductive/Inductive Reasoning, and Proper Nouns.
By:Micheala Caruso, Gabrielle Schwab, Alida Dudly, Megha Banerjee
So Much Pun
a play on words that suggests more than one meaning
This is a form or reasoning that begins with a statement/hypothesis. Then going off that hypothesis we try to make that statement logical using facts.
When talking about a general topic,it is true for everyone that is included in that topic.
-Ex: All dancers are flexible. If someone were a dancer, she/he would therefore be flexible.
A proper noun is used to identify any of a class of people, places, or thing
You see one deer at the side of the road while driving. Then you see another. You conclude that there must be more deer about to cross.
IS it always logical?
There are many possibilities that you can make a logical conclusion with an untrue statement.
-Ex:All men wear hats. Mike is a man; therefore he wears hats. This is logically true but the original statement is false.
usually exploits the multiple definitions of a word
“Thou hast not
, For I have
(married to Anne
Definition: A generalization; reasoning based off prior knowledge.It is general principles instead of specific instances.
Statements that aren't necessarily true but could be
Definition: When a very broad statement is said and a specific conclusion has to come out of it. Most of the time you can find a logical conclusion to come out of your hypothesis but there could always be instances where it's not true.
Why are they used?
Types of puns
uses a picture to convey a message. advertisements
Similar sounding words with different meanings
Words with the same spelling, but different meanings
Freakonomics uses examples of inductive reasoning. At any point when you thought that the authors were being stereotypical, they were really just using the power of inductive reasoning to form their conclusions.(IE:people with black names are...)
example: The word city is a noun, but a specific city such as Chicago would be
Proper nouns always start with an initial capital letter
Denial ain't just a river in Egypt. - Mark Twain
2) Make the reader think
3) Create ambiguity
“tomorrow … you shall find me a grave man.” Shakespeare